Latest Outer core Stories

Researchers May Have Solved The Spin Mystery Of Earth's Core
2013-09-17 06:18:52

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the last 300 years at least, we have been questioning what direction the center of the earth spins. A group of scientists from the University of Leeds, UK, and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology may have found the answer. According to the study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the Earth's inner core - made of solid iron - "superrotates" in eastward directions. This means it spins faster...

Is Oxygen's Role In Core Formation Underestimated?
2013-01-11 09:37:25

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The Earth´s core formed under more oxidizing conditions than previously believed, claims a new study published in Thursday´s edition of the journal Science Express. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) geophysicist Rick Ryerson and an international team of colleagues made the discovery following a series of laser-heated diamond anvil cell experiments at high pressure (350,000 to 700,000 atmospheres) and...

Earth's Core Deprived Of Oxygen
2011-11-24 04:57:19

The composition of the Earth's core remains a mystery. Scientists know that the liquid outer core consists mainly of iron, but it is believed that small amounts of some other elements are present as well. Oxygen is the most abundant element in the planet, so it is not unreasonable to expect oxygen might be one of the dominant "light elements" in the core. However, new research from a team including Carnegie's Yingwei Fei shows that oxygen does not have a major presence in the outer core. This...

New Model May Explain Magnetized Moon Rocks
2011-11-10 06:06:46

A team of scientists has proposed a novel model for the generation of a global magnetic field in the ancient moon, something that could help solve a decades-old mystery about the presence of magnetized rocks on the moon´s surface. Since the moon currently has no global magnetic field, these rocks have puzzled experts since the days of the Apollo program. The Earth´s magnetic field exists because it has a spinning solid core surrounded by hot metallic liquid, which churns...

2011-05-20 12:25:00

The inner core of the Earth is simultaneously melting and freezing due to circulation of heat in the overlying rocky mantle, according to new research from the University of Leeds, UC San Diego and the Indian Institute of Technology.The findings, published tomorrow in Nature, could help us understand how the inner core formed and how the outer core acts as a 'geodynamo', which generates the planet's magnetic field."The origins of Earth's magnetic field remain a mystery to scientists," said...

2011-02-21 09:30:00

New research gives the first accurate estimate of how much faster the Earth's core is rotating compared to the rest of the planet. Previous research had shown that the Earth's core rotates faster than the rest of the planet. However, scientists from the University of Cambridge have discovered that earlier estimates of 1 degree every year were inaccurate and that the core is actually moving much slower than previously believed "“ approximately 1 degree every million years. Their findings...

2010-12-17 13:23:49

Earth's internal dynamo generates average field in outer core 50 times that at surface A University of California, Berkeley, geophysicist has made the first-ever measurement of the strength of the magnetic field inside Earth's core, 1,800 miles underground. The magnetic field strength is 25 Gauss, or 50 times stronger than the magnetic field at the surface that makes compass needles align north-south. Though this number is in the middle of the range geophysicists predict, it puts constraints...

2010-09-02 11:24:30

Using a diamond-anvil cell to recreate the high pressures deep within the earth, researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have found unusual properties in an iron-rich magnesium- and iron-oxide mineral that may explain the existence of several ultra-low velocity zones (ULVZs) at the core"“mantle boundary. A paper about their findings was published in a recent issue of Geophysical Research Letters (GRL). ULVZs"”which were first discovered in the early 1990s...

2009-12-23 06:49:54

"Terra firma." It's Latin for "solid Earth." Most of the time, at least from our perspective here on the ground, Earth seems to be just that: solid. Yet the Earth beneath our feet is actually in constant motion. It moves through time and space, of course, along with the other objects in the universe, but it moves internally as well. The powerful forces of wind, water and ice constantly erode its surface, redistributing Earth's mass in the process. Within Earth's solid crust, faulting...

2008-05-06 17:28:49

You know Earth's schematic: core, mantle, crust, right? Sorry, not so simple. Like the gooey center of a chocolate morsel harboring peanut butter and honey, inner Earth is far more nuanced than outward appearances would suggest. A new model is proposed in the May 2 issue of the journal Science. Earth is made up of several layers, once thought to be pretty distinct. The skin, or crust, goes down about 25 miles (40 km). Below that is the mantle area, which extends about...

Word of the Day
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'