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Latest Oxford University Stories

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2008-01-25 06:10:00

British researchers reported yesterday that women who use birth control pills are protected against ovarian cancer for 30 years or longer after they stop taking the pills.  The researchers estimated the pill has prevented 200,000 women worldwide from developing ovarian cancer, and has prevented 100,000 deaths from the disease. The study showed the protective effect of the pills is directly related to the length of time a they are used, with women taking the pills for 15 years...

2007-11-24 06:00:20

By Gilliam, Frank S Despite a growing awareness that the herbaceous layer serves a special role in maintaining the structure and function of forests, this stratum remains an underappreciated aspect of forest ecosystems. In this article I review and synthesize information concerning the herb layer's structure, composition, and dynamics to emphasize its role as an integral component of forest ecosystems. Because species diversity is highest in the herb layer among all forest strata, forest...

2006-12-06 03:00:36

By Guo, Fenglin TOPIC. Euthanasia has a wide range of classifications. Confusion exists in the application of specific concepts to various studies. PURPOSE. To analyze the concept of voluntary active euthanasia using Walker and Avant's concept analysis method. SOURCES OF INFORMATION. A comprehensive literature review from various published literature and bibliographies. CONCLUSIONS. Clinical, ethical, and policy differences and similarities of euthanasia need to be debated openly,...

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2006-06-07 08:27:00

LONDON -- Tom Robinson had long wondered about his family tree. He never suspected its roots might lie in the Mongolian steppe. The Florida accountant knew that his great, great-grandfather had come to the United States from England - but beyond that his research drew a blank. So he turned to the burgeoning field of "bioarchaeology," having his DNA tested to see what it revealed about his origins. He was in for a surprise. According to a British geneticist who pioneered the research, Robinson...

2006-03-15 08:08:09

By Madeline Chambers ETON (Reuters) - Every weekday, visitors to the picturesque town of Eton are confronted by dozens of teen-aged boys in tailcoats, pinstripe trousers and stiff white collars swaggering down the street. The uniform, which seems antiquated to tourists, marks pupils from one of Britain's top schools -- Eton College. For boys with parents who can pay 24,000 pounds ($42,030) a year in fees, Eton, founded in 1440, is a social and professional springboard to the top...

2005-11-30 11:26:09

By Jeremy Lovell LONDON (Reuters) - Building work restarted on Wednesday on Oxford University's 20 million pound animal testing centre after a 16 month hiatus caused by animal rights protests. Work was suspended in July 2004 when building contractor Montpellier Group pulled out in the face of a persistent campaign by animal rights group SPEAK Campaigns. On Wednesday, the university refused to name the new contractor, the expected new completion date or give any details of the...

2005-10-19 13:04:58

Oct. 19, 2005 -- An international team of researchers has partially untangled the genetic details of a mysterious disorder that formerly caused seizures and death in infant boys within a month of birth. The researchers discovered a rare change in the DNA of two eastern Missouri families with a history of a condition called X-linked recessive idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (XLHPT): a portion of the X chromosome, a human sex chromosome, has been removed and replaced by a copy of a much larger...

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2005-04-09 00:45:00

RAS -- The largest ground-based optical telescopes in use today use mirrors that are 10 m (33 ft) across. But the prospects for future Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs) are looking up. According to recent studies by international teams of astronomers and leading astronomical organisations, the next generation of optical telescopes could be 50-100 metres (165 330 ft) in diameter - big enough to fill a sports stadium. This quantum leap in size has important implications, since astronomers want...

2004-11-28 03:00:21

Culture is a primary force in the socialisation of individuals and a major determinant of the consciousness and experience of the community. However, there are variances of gender inequality in all cultures, which may not be due to mere deference to cultural exigencies. Gender equality is a paramount condition for equitable and sustainable global positive development. This paper shows that it is not possible to respect individual cultures and at the same time secure gender equality. There are...