Latest Paleoanthropology Stories
One of the predominant theories of our evolution says our genus, Homo, came from small-bodied early humans to become the taller, heavier Homo erectus, who went on to dominate the face of the Earth. What the theory doesn't really explain is the timing and geographic source of the larger body size associated with modern humans.
A skull from that “Out of Africa” era was recently discovered in Israel and it appears to be the earliest known evidence of that emigration, according to a new study in the journal Nature. The skull, dated to around 55,000 years ago, was found in the Manot Cave, located in Northern Israel.
Based on the analysis of the nasal anatomy of Neanderthals and modern humans, a team of New York City researchers has determined that Neanderthals were not a subspecies of modern humans – as has been previously theorized.
Genetic analysis of DNA obtained from a 45,000-year-old modern human thigh bone has allowed researchers to narrow down the time frame in which mating first introduced Neanderthal genes into the human gene pool.
Neanderthals died out approximately 10,000 years earlier than previously believed, due in part to the fact that modern humans arrived in Europe sooner than originally thought, an international team of researchers reported Wednesday in the journal Nature.
Originally thought to be a sequential progression, human evolution has been shown to include a rich tapestry of species that interbred over thousands of years.
Genetic sequencing of DNA extracted from a Neanderthal woman’s toe bone reveals the species was not only incestuous, but also interbred with other types of human ancestors.
With the Neanderthal genome now published, for the first time, scientists have a rich new resource of comparative evolution.
Geneticists led by Matthias Meyer at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany extracted a nearly 400,000-year-old human thigh-bone fossil from the bottom of a cave shaft in northern Spain called Sima de los Huesos, where remains of 28 early humans of an unknown species have been discovered.
The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...