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Latest Paleolithic Stories

Early Britons Hunted Elephants
2013-09-19 11:08:15

Michael Harper for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online After digging up the remains of a prehistoric elephant and some crude hunting tools in 2003, archaeologists at the University of Southampton now say they have proof that early humans worked together to bring these beasts down. These early humans lived thousands of years before the Neanderthals, the ancient species which most closely resembled modern humans. Until this discovery it was not known how these early humans came to migrate...

Red Meat-Eating Neanderthals May Have Also Been Fish Eaters
2013-09-17 14:22:52

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have theorized that the reason Homo sapiens were able to out-compete Neanderthals was because they embraced a more diverse diet. However, new evidence being presented by a group of European scientists indicates that Neanderthal menus may have been more diverse than previously thought. According to a study published recently in the journal Quaternary International, salmon bones found in a cave in the Caucasus Mountains were...

Neanderthal Tools Cultural Differences
2013-08-19 16:17:52

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new analysis from an archeologist at the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom has revealed distinct cultural differences between two groups of Neanderthals based on the divergent design of stone tools between 115,000 and 35,000 years ago. According to a study by researcher Karen Ruebens, the differences point to a more complex Neanderthal culture than what was previously suspected. "In Germany and France there appears to...

Bone Tools Found At Two Paleolithic Dig Sites
2013-08-13 06:45:04

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers working at two neighboring Paleolithic digs in southwestern France have discovered fragments of hide-softening bone tools unlike any previously discovered at Neanderthal sites. Two teams hailing from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, and the Leiden University in the Netherlands jointly reported the discovery of the bone tools – the oldest of their kind ever found in Europe....

Modern Language May Have Roots In Ancient Neanderthals
2013-07-10 05:48:08

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As more data accumulates, we are learning that the Neanderthals were much more similar to us than we ever imagined. Scientists are still questioning if they had speech and language, though, and what implications would be for understanding present-day linguistic diversity if they did. A new study from the Max Planck Institute of Psycholinguistics argues that modern language and speech can be traced back to the last common ancestor we...

Climate Change Led To Modern Humans In Stone Age
2013-06-18 19:37:44

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online New evidence suggests that modern humans emerged as the need to find refuge from sudden changes in climate grew. An international team of researchers found that technological innovation and the emergence of culture and modern behavior took place abruptly. They were able to link these pulses of innovation to the climate that prevailed in sub-Saharan Africa during the Stone Age. For the past million years, the global climate...

Researchers Study Earliest Evidence Of Human Hunting And Scavenging
2013-05-11 08:19:44

April Flowers for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online New light has been shed on the diet and food acquisition strategies of some of the earliest human ancestors in Africa, according to a new study led by Baylor University. Early tool making humans, known as Oldowan hominin, started to exhibit a number of physiological and ecological adaptations beginning around two million years ago. These adaptations, including an increase in brain and body size, heavier investment in their...

Bigger Brains Indicate Hobbit Humans Evolved From Homo Erectus
2013-04-17 07:41:20

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The hobbit human, a small-statured race that evolved separately from our own ancestor Homo erectus on an island of the Indonesian Archipelago some 50,000 years ago, has been discovered by Japanese scientists to have a bigger brain than once believed. Hobbit humans, named after the tiny folk from JRR Tolkein's novels, are collectively known as Homo floresiensis (Man of Flores). The remains of the ancient humans were discovered on...

Neanderthals Went Extinct Because Of Their Large Eyes
2013-03-13 09:13:33

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists know that early Humans (Homo sapiens) and Neanderthals (H. s. neanderthalensis) coexisted for a short time before the latter eventually became extinct. While it was understood that humans had better developed brains than their more primitive counterparts, it was generally not well-known why these early ancestors made a grand exit. A new study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, suggests one...

Early Human Burial Practices Include Men Buried More Often Than Women
2013-02-21 21:12:50

Michael Harper for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Julien Riel-Salvatore, PhD, an assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Colorado Denver, believes Neanderthals may not have been the knuckle-dragging brutes we think them to be, and he´s got the burial practices to prove it. According to his research, the burial practices of the earliest people vary dramatically; from lavish to incredibly simple. This means the earliest people weren´t necessarily...


Latest Paleolithic Reference Libraries

Australopithecus garhi
2013-11-29 11:38:51

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw ad Tim White, an American paleontologist. The remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and most likely the direct ancestor to the human genus Homo. Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A. garhi fossils in 1996 within the Bouri Formation found in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression....

Neanderthals
2013-10-03 16:03:35

The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...

Homo sapiens idaltu
2013-09-24 12:20:45

Homo sapiens idaltu is an extinct subspecies of Homo sapiens that lived nearly 160,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. “Idaltu” comes from the Saho-Afar word meaning “elder” or “first born”. The fossilized remains of H. s. idaltu were uncovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle in the year 1997 by Tim White, but were first revealed in 2003. Herto Bouri is a portion of Ethiopia under volcanic layers. By using radioisotope dating,...

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