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Latest Paleolithic Stories

2009-09-04 13:00:24

The ancestors of modern-day Europeans likely were farmers and not hunter-gatherers, British researchers said. DNA analysis taken from burial grounds suggests early farmers migrated into Europe with plants and domesticated animals and replaced Stone Age hunter-gatherers, geneticist Mark Thomas of University College London said in a release Friday. There is little evidence of a genetic link between the hunter-gatherers and the early farmers, said Thomas, who worked with researchers at Germany's...

2009-08-13 12:18:07

A University of Arizona anthropologist has discovered that humans living at a Paleolithic cave site in central Israel between 400,000 and 250,000 years ago were as successful at big-game hunting as were later stone-age hunters at the site, but that the earlier humans shared meat differently."The Lower Paleolithic (earlier) hunters were skilled hunters of large game animals, as were Upper Paleolithic (later) humans at this site," UA anthropology professor Mary C. Stiner said."This might not...

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2009-07-21 09:29:02

The wound that ultimately killed a Neandertal man between 50,000 and 75,000 years was most likely caused by a thrown spear, the kind modern humans used but Neandertals did not, according to Duke University-led research. "What we've got is a rib injury, with any number of scenarios that could explain it," said Steven Churchill, an associate professor of evolutionary anthropology at Duke. "We're not suggesting there was a blitzkrieg, with modern humans marching across the land and executing the...

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2009-06-24 16:10:00

Archaeologists at the University of Tuebingen in Germany say a bird-bone flute discovered in a German cave was created 35,000 years ago, making it the oldest handmade musical instrument ever discovered. The find provides the latest evidence that early modern humans had established a creative and sophisticated culture in Europe. The researchers, led by University of Tuebingen archaeologist Nicholas Conard, constructed the flute from 12 pieces of griffon vulture bone discovered in a small plot...

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2009-05-14 07:45:00

German anthropologists believe they may have found the oldest man-made representation of a human figure in the form of a grotesquely exaggerated sculpture of a female body.The roughly 3-inch tall figurine carved of mammoth ivory portrays a woman with disproportionately large breasts, prominent buttocks and very pronounced genitals.  The artifact, which has been dubbed the Venus of Hohle Fels, was discovered in an ongoing excavation in southwestern Germany.  Based on the results of...

2009-04-10 10:21:53

Artifacts found near Biggar, Scotland, suggest humans roamed the area 3,000 years earlier than previously thought, archaeologists at the National Museum said. Stone flints found in a field north of Biggar are from the Upper Paleolithic age, or Old Stone Age, 14,000 years ago, said Alan Saville, an archaeologist and senior curator at the National Museum of Scotland. The field where the flints were found may have been a camp used by hunters following migrating herds of reindeer, elk or wild...

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2009-02-27 10:05:00

France's prehistoric Lascaux cave drawings are under attack by a fungus that appears as black stains spreading across the legendary mural. On Thursday, a wide range of scientists met in Paris to discuss new ways to fight back against the fungus before it destroys the historic paintings, but now they say global warming may pose an additional danger to the site. "All of Lascaux's problems have always been linked to the cave's climatization, meaning the equilibrium of air inside the cave,"...

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2008-12-30 07:55:00

New research finds competition between Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon populations, rather than climate change, was the driving force that caused the Neanderthal extinction. The study was published in the online journal PloS One on December 24th. Forty-thousand years ago Neanderthal populations occupied Europe prior to the arrival of humans. Researchers, who belong to the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, l'Ecole Pratique d'Hautes Etudes, and the University of Kansas,...

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2008-12-02 08:33:18

Extraordinary artifacts from the late Stone Age have been discovered in Russia. The location at Zaraysk, which is southeast of Moscow, has produced both the unique figurines as well as some carvings on mammoth tusks. The discoveries also consist of a cone-shaped item whose purpose; the authors state in the journal Antiquity, "remains a puzzle". Such inventive artifacts have been previously found in the nearby areas of Kostenki and Avdeevo, but this is the first kind of find at Zaraysk. The...

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2008-11-05 10:35:16

The skeleton of a 12,000 year-old Natufian Shaman has been discovered in northern Israel by archaeologists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The burial is described as being accompanied by "exceptional" grave offerings - including 50 complete tortoise shells, the pelvis of a leopard and a human foot. The shaman burial is thought to be one of the earliest known from the archaeological record and the only shaman grave in the whole region. Dr. Leore Grosman of the Institute of Archaeology...


Latest Paleolithic Reference Libraries

Australopithecus garhi
2013-11-29 11:38:51

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw ad Tim White, an American paleontologist. The remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and most likely the direct ancestor to the human genus Homo. Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A. garhi fossils in 1996 within the Bouri Formation found in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression....

Neanderthals
2013-10-03 16:03:35

The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...

Homo sapiens idaltu
2013-09-24 12:20:45

Homo sapiens idaltu is an extinct subspecies of Homo sapiens that lived nearly 160,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. “Idaltu” comes from the Saho-Afar word meaning “elder” or “first born”. The fossilized remains of H. s. idaltu were uncovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle in the year 1997 by Tim White, but were first revealed in 2003. Herto Bouri is a portion of Ethiopia under volcanic layers. By using radioisotope dating,...

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