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Latest Paleontology Stories

3 billion-year-old Rocks Contain Microfossils Of Plankton
2013-06-06 21:18:25

Penn State Spindle-shaped inclusions in 3 billion-year-old rocks are microfossils of plankton that probably inhabited the oceans around the globe during that time, according to an international team of researchers. "It is surprising to have large, potentially complex fossils that far back," said Christopher H. House, professor of geosciences, Penn State, and lead author. However, the researchers not only showed that these inclusions in the rocks were biological in origin, but also...

2013-06-06 11:49:18

Efforts to restore sturgeon in the Great Lakes region have received a lot of attention in recent years, and many of the news stories note that the prehistoric-looking fish are "living fossils" virtually unchanged for millions of years. But a new study by University of Michigan researchers and their colleagues reveals that in at least one measure of evolutionary change–changes in body size over time–sturgeon have been one of the fastest-evolving fish on the planet. "Sturgeon...

New Species Of Marine Fish From The Devonian Period Discovered In Teruel
2013-06-03 18:50:57

FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology Researchers from the University of Valencia and the Natural History Museum of Berlin have studied the fossilized remains of scales and bones found in Teruel and the south of Zaragoza, ascertaining that they belong to a new fish species called Machaeracanthus goujeti that lived in that area of the peninsula during the Devonian period. The fossils are part of the collection housed in the Palaeontology Museum of Zaragoza. In the journal...

Ancient Stromatolites May Have Been Edged Out By Foraminifera
2013-05-29 05:47:20

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stromatolites, “layered rocks” made of calcium carbonate, were the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth. A team of researchers, including scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI); Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); the University of Connecticut; Harvard Medical School; and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, suggest that the disappearance of stromatolites may have been driven by...

Tiny New Dinosaur Helps Understand Ancient Ecosystem
2013-05-23 09:00:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Although most of us imagine dinosaurs as large, fierce animals, a team of paleontologists from the University of Toronto, Royal Ontario Museum, Cleveland Museum of Natural History and University of Calgary“¯have highlighted a previously overlooked diversity of small dinosaurs. The study, published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, describes a new dinosaur — the smallest plant-eating dinosaur species known from...

Fossils Highlight Rapid Brain Growth In Dinosaurs
2013-05-21 08:31:30

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study led by the University of Bristol´s Stephan Lautenschlager, a postgraduate Geology researcher, has demonstrated how the brain and inner ear developed rapidly in young dinosaurs. Lautenschlager collaborated with Tom Hübner from the Niedersächsische Landesmuseum in Hannover, Germany“¯to pick the brains of 150-million-year-old dinosaurs. They studied two different fossils of the...

Oldest Evidence Of Split Between Monkeys And Apes Discovered
2013-05-16 14:39:00

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two fossil discoveries have revealed new details about the evolutionary divergence of apes and Old World monkeys, such as macaques and baboons, according to a report published in the journal Nature. The two primate fossils are from the late Oligocene epoch, about 25 million years ago, which is considerably older than previously discovered fossils for either group. The study authors conclude that the two groups of primates were already...

Ancient Fish Fossils Give Insight Into Evolutionary History Of Gobioid Order
2013-05-16 13:51:46

LMU Fish fossils that are about 23 million years old give unprecedented insight into the evolutionary history of the gobioid order, one of the most species-rich groups among the modern bony fishes. Researchers led by paleontologist Professor Bettina Reichenbacher from the Division of Paleontology and Geobiology at LMU´s Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences have completed a comprehensive analysis of fish fossils which they assign to the group of bony fishes that includes...

New Study Says Male And Female Dinosaurs Incubated Eggs
2013-05-16 09:59:11

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research into the incubation behavior of modern birds is shedding new light on the type of parental care carried out by their extinct ancestors. Geoff Birchard from the Department of Environmental Science and Policy at George Mason University, along with Charles Deeming and Marcello Ruta from the University of Lincoln's School of Life Sciences, wanted to test the theory that data from modern birds could be used to predict the...


Latest Paleontology Reference Libraries

Robert Thomas Bakker
2014-04-22 14:27:45

Robert Thomas Bakker (born March 24, 1945) is an American Paleontologist known for his contribution to the “Dinosaur Renaissance” and his support of his mentor Ostrom’s theory that some dinosaurs were warm-blooded. He specializes in the ecological context and behavior of dinosaurs. Bakker was born in Bergen County, New Jersey. As a young boy, he developed an interest in dinosaurs following his first trip to the dinosaur exhibit at the American Museum of Natural History – he was...

Northern Sun Star, Solaster endeca
2013-11-14 11:54:31

The northern sun star (Solaster endeca), also known as the purple sun star or the smooth sun star, is a species of starfish that is classified within the Solasteridae family. It can be found in the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean with a range that includes coastlines of Greenland, Canada, and the United States. It prefers a habitat in areas with adequate to heavy shelter and muddy or rocky sediment, at depths of up to 1,480 feet. The northern sun star is large, reaching a diameter of 7.9...

Morning Sun Star, Solaster dawsoni
2013-11-11 11:20:37

The morning sun star (Solaster dawsoni) is a species of starfish that is classified within the Solasteridae family. It can be found in northern areas of the Pacific Ocean with a range that extends from the coasts of China, Japan, and Siberia to the coasts of California in the United States. It prefers a habitat in rocky areas at depths of up to 1,380 feet. This species has two subspecies known as Solaster dawsoni dawsoni and Solaster dawsoni arcticus. It has a wide body with eight to thirteen...

Paleontology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paleontology or Palaeontology is the scientific study of prehistoric life, including the study of fossils to determine the organisms evolution and interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier’s work on comparative anatomy, and it developed quickly within the 19th century. The term itself comes from Greek palaios, meaning...

John R. “Jack” Horner
2013-10-14 13:35:47

John R. “Jack” Horner (born June 15, 1946) is an American paleontologist known for his research on dinosaur growth, and for discovering evidence that some dinosaurs nested and cared for their young.  He is perhaps the most famous paleontologist due to his role as technical advisor for all three Jurassic Park films, and his providing inspiration for Dr. Alan Grant, the film's lead character. He also advised on the FOX television show Terra Nova. Horner was born and raised in the small...

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'karpos', fruit.
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