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Latest Parasitism Stories

2012-02-23 18:00:54

Scientists have discovered a new target in their fight against the devastating global disease 'malaria' thanks to the discovery of a new protein involved in the parasite's life cycle. The research has uncovered a vital player in the sexual phase of the malaria parasite's reproduction which could prove an effective target for new treatments to stop the disease in its tracks. The scientists from The University of Nottingham's School of Biology, with collaborators from the Universities of...

Fruit Flies Use Alcohol To Fight Parasites
2012-02-17 05:42:03

[ Watch the Video ] According to new research, alcoholic beverages might just be a new form of medication to help fight off parasites. Researchers reported in the February 16 edition of Current Biology that fruit flies will actually seek out alcohol to kill off blood-borne parasitic wasps living within them. They said that the discovery offers some of the first evidence that alcoholic drinks may be useful in fighting infections. "We found that environmental alcohol protects fruit...

2012-02-14 11:45:07

New research from the University of Melbourne shows how the malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum) changes into a banana shape before sexual reproduction, a finding that could provide targets for vaccine or drug development and may explain how the parasite evades the human immune system. The work was conducted by an Australian research team led by Dr Matthew Dixon and PhD student Megan Dearnley from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Institute at the University...

2012-02-01 07:09:58

(Ivanhoe Newswire) — Malaria is a parasite disease that is passed from one human to another by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes.  The parasites enter the blood stream and infect red blood cells. The disease involves shaking, chills, high fevers, anemia, and flu-like symptoms. There are approximately 300-500 million cases of malaria each year and more than 1 million people die from it, according to the United States National Library of Medicine.  Although most cases...

2012-01-18 21:33:00

The discovery by researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of a molecule that is key to malaria's 'invisibility cloak' will help to better understand how the parasite causes disease and escapes from the defenses mounted by the immune system. The research team, led by Professor Alan Cowman from the institute's Infection and Immunity division, has identified one of the crucial molecules that instructs the parasite to employ its invisibility cloak to hide from the immune system,...

2012-01-12 21:53:48

Genome sequencing helps identify essential protein in disease-carrying parasites Researchers from Boston College have discovered a protein that plays a pivotal role in the progression of the deadly diseases toxoplasmosis and malaria and shown that its function could be genetically blocked in order to halt the progress of the parasite-borne illnesses, the team reports in the current edition of the journal Science. The protein, identified as DOC2.1, plays a similar role in the secretion...

Keep Arms And Legs Hairy To Keep Bed Bugs Away
2011-12-15 12:21:04

Looking to avoid confrontations with bed bugs? You will be better off not shaving your legs according to researchers in the UK. Twenty-nine volunteers bravely tested the theory by Michael Siva-Jothy, from Sheffield University´s Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, BBC News is reporting. Siva-Jothy found that more layers of both long and short body hair near the surface appeared to work as a deterrent to the blood-sucking insects, with the finer hairs acting as an early warning...

Only Few Seabird Species Contract Avian Malaria
2011-12-13 04:02:07

Climate differences have less impact on the transmission of blood parasites than expected Seabirds often live in large colonies in very confined spaces. Parasites, such as fleas and ticks, take advantage of this ideal habitat with its rich supply of nutrition. As a result, they can transmit blood parasites like avian malaria to the birds. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Radolfzell and a team of international colleagues have investigated whether this affects all...

38530_web
2011-12-05 21:07:23

Worms infecting fish grow 4 times faster at higher temperatures and manipulate the behavior of fish Parasitic worms that infect fish, and have a devastating effect on fish reproduction, grow four times faster at higher temperatures — providing some of the first evidence that global warming affects the interactions between parasites and their hosts. The study from the University of Leicester revealed that global warming had the potential to change the balance between parasite and...

2011-11-18 03:34:40

Findings point to the development of novel drugs that could eradicate the disease A international team led by scientists from the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation (GNF) and The Scripps Research Institute has discovered a family of chemical compounds that could lead to a new generation of antimalarial drugs capable of not only alleviating symptoms but also preventing the deadly disease. In a study published November 17, 2011, in Science Express, the advance online...


Latest Parasitism Reference Libraries

Lancet Liver Fluke, Dicrocoelium dendriticum
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The lancet liver fluke (Dicrocoelium dendriticum) is a parasitic worm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. It is thought to be native to over thirty countries including Switzerland, Spain, Germany, Iran, China, Vietnam, Japan, Ghana, and Nigeria, among many other areas. It is also found in South and North America and in Australia. It is typically found in cattle or other grazing species, so it is thought to prefer a habitat that supports these species. It is similar in...

Profilicollis
2014-01-05 00:00:00

Profilicollis is a genus of acanthocephalan parasites that are found in crustaceans and shorebirds. Profilicollis parasites use decapod crustaceans as intermediate hosts and species of shorebirds as definitive hosts. The parasite first develops in mole crabs of North and South America. After it infects a mole crab, it becomes dormant until the crab is eaten by a suitable bird, such as a Surf scoter or Herring Gull. Once the parasite has passed through the stomach of the bird, it develops...

Moniliformis moniliformis
2014-01-05 00:00:00

Moniliformis moniliformis is a species of acanthocephalan parasite that can infect humans, though it rarely does. Human infections have been reported in the United States, Iran, Iraq, and Nigeria. It has been found in rats all over the world, and usually is found in cats, dogs and, in Poland, red foxes. Intermediate hosts are usually beetles and cockroaches. This parasite, like other acanthocephalans, does not have a digestive tract. It absorbs nutrients through the tegument (external...

Giant Thorny-headed Worm, Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus
2014-01-05 00:00:00

The Giant Thorny-headed Worm (Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus) is a species of acanthocephalan parasite found in the intestines of pigs and other hoofed animals, and can occasionally appear in humans and dogs. The eggs of this parasite are usually found in scarabaeoid or hydrophilid beetles and other similar insects. Worms of this species range in size from less than four-hundredths of an inch to over 15 inches. It causes enteritis, gastritis or peritonitis in affected hosts. While it...

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'kardia,' heart.
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