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Pathogenic bacteria Reference Libraries

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Streptococcus pneumoniae
2011-04-28 14:27:08

Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic, bile-soluble aerotolerant, anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus. It was recognized as a major cause of pneumonia in the late 19th century and is thus the subject of many humoral immunity studies. It causes many other types of pneumococcal infections other than pneumonia including acute sinusitis, otitis...

Staphylococcus epidermidis
2011-04-26 20:59:00

Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of thirty-three known species belonging to the genus Staphylococcus. It is part of our skin flora and can also be found in the mucous membranes and in animals. It is the most common species found in laboratory test due to contamination. It is not usually pathogenic; however, patients with a compromised immune system often risk infection. Infections can be...

Staphylococcus aureus
2011-04-26 20:20:41

Staphylococcus aureus is a facultative anaerobic gram-positive coccus, and is the most common cause of staph infections. It is commonly part of the skin flora found in the nose and on skin. Around 20% of the human population is long-term carriers. It gets its golden color due to its carotenoid pigment staphyloxanthin. The pigment acts as a virulence factor with an antioxidant action that allows...

Haemophilus influenzae
2011-04-15 15:26:30

Haemophilus influenzae is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium first described in 1892 by Richard Pfeiffer during an influenza pandemic. It is generally aerobic but can grow as a facultative anaerobe. H. influenzae was mistakenly considered to be the cause of influenza until 1933 when the flu virology became apparent. It was the first free-living organism to have its entire genome...

Escherichia coli
2011-04-15 14:54:29

Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms. Most strains are harmless; however, some such as O157:H7 can cause food poisoning in humans and are often responsible for product recalls. The normal flora of the gut normally contains the harmless strains and often provide K2 to the body. They are not always...

Campylobacter fetus
2011-04-14 16:18:37

Campylobacter fetus is a species of Gram-negative, motile bacteria with characteristic "S-shaped" rod morphology similar to members of the genus Vibrio. It is oxidase-positive like other members of the Campylobacter genus. C. fetus can cause abortion in cattle and sheep as well as being an opportunistic human pathogen and can cause bacteremia and thrombophlebitis. It is rare but it can lead...

Word of the Day
donative
  • A gift; a largess; a gratuity; a present; a dole.
The word 'donative' comes from a Latin word meaning 'to give'.
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