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Latest Pathology Stories

2014-01-09 16:24:05

Lung Cancer Alliance Along with Screening Centers Urge Focus on Lung Cancer Screening to Achieve Goal WASHINGTON, Jan. 9, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Today, Lung Cancer Alliance (LCA) joins other leaders in the public health community in commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the first Surgeon General's report on smoking and health. In addition to calling for a renewed focus to end tobacco related deaths, LCA is also advocating for responsible and equitable deployment of United...

2014-01-09 11:35:24

Some surprising research findings from scientists at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center suggest it's possible a simple blood test could be developed to determine whether gene mutations associated with pancreatic cancer exist without the need of locating and testing tumor tissue. This appears possible following the discovery that tiny particles the size of viruses called 'exosomes,' which are shed by cancer cells into the blood, contain the entire genetic blueprint of cancer...

Cancer Statistics 2014 Report
2014-01-08 04:30:52

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Over the past two decades, risk of cancer death has dropped overall by twenty percent, according to the American Cancer Society annual cancer statistics report. According to the report, Cancer Statistics 2014, the most progress has been found among middle-aged black men for whom the rate of death has declined by approximately 50 percent. Although this is an incredibly positive trend, the highest cancer rates and death rates...

2014-01-03 15:54:30

Caught in the act! Researchers from the University of Bristol have observed mating for the first time in the microbes responsible for African sleeping sickness. This tropical disease is caused by trypanosomes, single-celled parasites that are found in the blood of those afflicted. The Bristol team were able to see what the trypanosomes were getting up to inside the tsetse flies that carry the disease by using fluorescent markers [see image – link below]. The microscopic beasts were seen...

2013-12-27 12:22:29

Non-profit provides tens of millions in grants since founding by Barbara and Edward Netter in 2001 STAMFORD, Conn., Dec. 27, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- As the potential of gene and cell therapy in fighting cancers grows and oncologists across the nation explore the burgeoning science, doctors have uncovered a stunning development - cancers can be treated using patients' own cells as a weapon, and can eliminate the harrowing, often debilitating effects of chemotherapy, radiation and surgery. (Photo:...

2013-12-19 23:04:42

Choosing Wisely® initiative urges patients to question physicians about which lab tests are necessary Chicago (PRWEB) December 19, 2013 A new online toolkit puts resources in the hands of pathologists and medical laboratory scientists to promote conversations between physicians and patients about which diagnostic tests are appropriate. The American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) unveiled the toolkit during a symposium, “Choosing Wisely®: How California Pathologists Can...

2013-12-18 11:26:28

A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published online ahead of print in the journal Molecular Cancer Research shows that ALK and ROS1 gene rearrangements known to drive subsets of lung cancer are also present in some colorectal cancers. These results imply that drugs used to target ALK and ROS1 in lung cancer may also have applications in this subset of colorectal cancer patients. “When you have known oncogenes that are already targeted by FDA-approved drugs, it just made sense...

2013-12-17 11:27:33

The Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, covering the period 1975–2010, showed death rates for lung cancer, which accounts for more than one in four cancer deaths, dropping at a faster pace than in previous years. The recent larger drop in lung cancer deaths is likely the result of decreased cigarette smoking prevalence over many years, and is now being reflected in mortality trends.  The lung cancer death rate decline, as well as declines in colorectal, breast, and...

Expected Effects Of Climate Change May Lead To Decline Of Snail Fever In Africa
2013-12-13 13:19:49

University of Copenhagen The dangerous parasite Schistosoma mansoni that causes snail fever in humans could become significantly less common in the future a new international study led by researchers from the University of Copenhagen predicts. The results are surprising because they contradict the general assumption that climate change leads to greater geographical spread of diseases. The explanation is that the parasite’s host snails stand to lose suitable habitat due to climate change....

Genetic Mutation Promotes One Percent Of Cancerous Tumors
2013-12-09 05:28:31

[ Watch the Video: CUX1: Cancer’s Common Ground ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Scientists have located a single gene that is at least partially responsible for the development of one percent of all cancerous tumors, according to new research appearing in the advanced online edition of the journal Nature Genetics. The gene in question is CUX1, and according to the study authors, this is the first time it has been broadly associated with the onset of...


Latest Pathology Reference Libraries

Paragonimus westermani
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paragonimus westermani is a species of fluke, or flatworm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species is abundant in South America and Asia and affects the lungs of humans and other hosts. It was first discovered in 1878 in Europe after two Bengal tigers died. In 1879, Ringer found this species in the lungs of a human. Manson and Erwin von Baelz identified the sputum and eggs separately in 1880, after which Manson asserted that a snail was most likely the worm's...

0_68051ac6f600313805ed284dd29cba8a
2011-04-28 17:50:48

Wolbachia is a genus of bacteria which infects arthropod species, including a high proportion of insects (~60% of species). It is one of the world's most common parasitic microbes and possibly the most common reproductive parasite in biosphere. Studies have suggested that 25-70% of all insect species are estimated to be potential hosts. Marshall Hertig and Burt Wolbach first identified the bacterium in 1924 in a species of mosquito. Hertig described the genus as Wolbachia pipientis. Not...

72_c10b68868affbd69d8f8774e8a3ba423
2011-04-28 15:17:59

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a curved, rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium found in brackish saltwater, which, when ingested, causes gastrointestinal illness in humans. V. parahaemolyticus is oxidase positive, facultatively aerobic, and does not form spores. This species is motile, with a single, polar flagellum. Ingestion of raw or undercooked seafood is the most common cause of the acute gastroenteritis caused by V. parahaemolyticus. Infection can also occur from fecal-oral route as well...

72_5b80eb0952f06c62efb4bc894cfeb33b
2011-04-14 15:49:49

Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC), is a group of catalase-producing, non-lactose-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria composed of at least nine different species. It is an important human pathogen that often causes pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals with underlying lung disease. They are typically found in water and soil and can survive for prolonged periods in moist environments. Spread between people occurs often in hospitals, clinics, and camps. Infected hosts are often treated in...

45_30627e697648ba20929b35de0316ec24
2011-04-14 13:54:22

Actinomyces israelii is a species of Actinomyces and is sometimes known as the "most misdiagnosed disease" since it is often confused with neoplasms. It is a colonizer of the vagina, colon, and mouth. Infection happens through breach of the mucosal barrier during various procedures, aspiration, or pathologies such as diverticulitis. The chronic phase is also known as the classic phase due to the acute, early phase being commonly missed by health care providers. It is characterized by slow...

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Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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