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Latest Patricia K. Kuhl Stories

Long Before Their First Words, Babies' Brains Rehearse Speech Mechanics
2014-07-15 03:33:45

Molly McElroy, University of Washington Infants can tell the difference between sounds of all languages until about 8 months of age when their brains start to focus only on the sounds they hear around them. It's been unclear how this transition occurs, but social interactions and caregivers' use of exaggerated "parentese" style of speech seem to help. University of Washington research in 7- and 11-month-old infants shows that speech sounds stimulate areas of the brain that coordinate...

2014-01-07 13:43:23

Common advice to new parents is that the more words babies hear the faster their vocabulary grows. Now new findings show that what spurs early language development isn't so much the quantity of words as the style of speech and social context in which speech occurs. Researchers at the University of Washington and University of Connecticut examined thousands of 30-second snippets of verbal exchanges between parents and babies. They measured parents' use of a regular speaking voice versus an...

Future Abilities In Children With Autism Predicted With Early Brain Responses To Words
2013-05-30 11:38:06

University of Washington The pattern of brain responses to words in 2-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder predicted the youngsters' linguistic, cognitive and adaptive skills at ages 4 and 6, according to a new study. The findings, to be published May 29 in PLOS ONE, are among the first to demonstrate that a brain marker can predict future abilities in children with autism. "We've shown that the brain's indicator of word learning in 2-year-olds already diagnosed with...

Brain Structure Can Predict Language Learning Ability
2013-01-23 06:18:56

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new study from the University of Washington (UW) that incorporated a brain-imaging technique on the whole infant brain revealed that there are certain parts of the brain, such as the hippocampus and cerebellum, that can help predict a child's language abilities when they are one year old. The researchers believe that their study is the first to link specific brains structures with language learning ability, and the findings...

Babies Learn Language While Still In The Womb
2013-01-02 09:44:22

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A groundbreaking study has demonstrated that newborns are able to distinguish between the sounds of their parents´ native language and a foreign language just hours after they are born. Previously, researchers believed that babies did not begin to recognize language differences until well after they had left their mother´s womb. Scientists have long known that the mechanical and cognitive equipment for hearing develop in...

2011-08-29 07:51:08

Babies and children are whizzes at learning a second language, but that ability begins to fade as early as their first birthdays. Researchers at the University of Washington's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences are investigating the brain mechanisms that contribute to infants' prowess at learning languages, with the hope that the findings could boost bilingualism in adults, too. In a new study, the researchers report that the brains of babies raised in bilingual households show...

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2004-12-21 07:37:50

Research with owls offers insights into how children learn language HealthDayNews -- In a finding that offers insights into how young children learn language, researchers have discovered the early learning experiences of owls forever alter their brain circuitry. Young barn owls are very good at identifying the source of a sound -- they have to be to hunt and survive. But can they compensate if their ability to locate sounds is altered? Stanford University researchers found they can -- by...


Word of the Day
tessitura
  • The prevailing range of a vocal or instrumental part, within which most of the tones lie.
This word is Italian in origin and comes from the Latin 'textura,' web, structure.