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Pediatrics Reference Libraries

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Cystic Fibrosis
2013-07-19 15:03:45

Cystic fibrosis, also called mucoviscidosis, is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder of the viscous secretions in the body. In turn, it effects the lungs, pancreas, liver, and intestines, as well as all other exocrine glands in the body. The most common genetic mutation that causes CF is a deletion of three nucleotides that results in a loss of phenylalanine, an amino acid at the 508th...

Politzerization
2012-12-31 12:28:34

In 1861 Adam Politzer of Vienna spent much time studying the air movement in the Eustachian tubes and the ear canal. He would measure the air movement by attaching a manometer, a very large gauge, to the ear canal and the pharynx. He developed an apparatus known as the Politzer bag in 1863 which is a less invasive way to clear the Eustachian tubes. Procedure Politzerization, also known as...

Rotavirus
2011-02-23 20:42:46

Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea among infants and young children and is one of several viruses that cause the stomach flu. It is in the family Reoviridae and is a genus of double-stranded RNA. Most children have been infected by the age of five. Each infection builds on previous immunity and thus subsequent infections are less severe and adults are rarely affected. The fives...

Respiratory syncytial virus
2011-02-23 17:56:27

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes respiratory tract infections and is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infection and hospital visits during infancy and childhood. For premature infants and infants with congenital heart disease there is a prophylactic medication. During winter months in temperate climates there is an annual epidemic. Infection in tropical climates is most...

B19 Virus
2011-02-22 18:09:06

The B19 virus, referred to as parvovirus B19, was first known human virus in the family of parvovirus. It causes a childhood rash called fifth disease or commonly called slapped cheek syndrome. Discovered in 1975 by Yvonne Cossart, the virus gained its name because it was found in well B19 of a large series of Petri dishes. The virus is mainly spread through infected respiratory droplets....

Norovirus
2011-02-17 17:29:15

Norovirus is an RNA virus that causes approximately 90% of epidemic non-bacterial outbreaks of gastroenteritis around the world. It may also be responsible for 50% of all foodborne outbreaks of gastroenteritis in the U.S. It can affect people of all ages and is transmitted by food or water that is contaminated, by person-to-person contact, and through aerosolization of the virus and subsequent...

Measles
2011-02-17 16:35:12

Measles, also known as Rubeola or Morbilli, is caused by a virus and infects the respiratory system. Morbilliviruses are enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses. Symptoms include fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes and a generalized maculopapular erythematous rash. It is spread through respiration and is highly contagious. 90% of people without immunity who share a living...

Parvovirus B19
2011-01-05 16:08:12

The B19 virus, or parvovirus, was the first found human virus in the parvovirus family. It causes a childhood rash called fifth disease also commonly called slapped cheek syndrome. Yvonne Cossart discovered it by chance in 1975. It gained its name, B19, due to the labeled Petri dishes it was found in. The virus is classified as erythrovirus due to its capability to invade red blood cell...

Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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