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Peptide hormones Reference Libraries

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Pituitary gland
2013-04-30 10:34:49

The pituitary gland, also called the hypophysis, is an endocrine organ found within a small, bony cavity at the base of the brain. Its primary function is to secrete hormones that regulate homeostasis. More specifically, the pituitary gland is a glandular structure about the size of a pea. It is located below the brain and above the nasal cavity in a protected pocket called the sella...

Hypothalamus
2013-03-04 13:43:30

The hypothalamus is an organ that serves as an important link, along the hypothalamic-hypophyseal axis, between the nervous system and the endocrine system. It is located within the cranial cavity, in the cerebrum, right below the thalamus. It also forms the floor of the third ventricle in the brain. It contains neural pathways, blood vessels, glial cells, and secretory cells—all of which...

Thyroid And Parathyroid Glands
2013-03-04 13:34:45

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland located anterior to the trachea and inferior to the thyroid cartilage. It is butterfly shaped with three lobes that make it the largest endocrine organ in the body. Its primary function is to control the body’s metabolism by regulating how quickly the body uses energy, proteins, and hormones. The two lateral lobes are connected by the middle lobe...

Pancreas
2013-01-02 11:22:15

The pancreas is a digestive and an endocrine organ with both endocrine and exocrine functions. It is about six inches long located in the upper portion of the abdominal cavity. The head of the pancreas lies within the indentation of the duodenum and is connected to it by the pancreatic duct. The uncinate process extends from the head and the neck connects to the body of the pancreas, which lies...

Insulin
2010-12-03 18:12:26

Insulin, a hormone, is used to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells to take up glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen in the liver and muscle. This hormone stops the body from using fat as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagons. Without insulin the body fails to take glucose into the bodies cells and in turns uses fat as an energy...

Word of the Day
out-herod
  • In the phrase to out-herod Herod, to be more violent than Herod (as represented in the old mystery plays); hence, to exceed in any excess of evil.
Herod refers to 'Herod the Great,' a Roman client king and 'a madman who murdered his own family and a great many rabbis.' According to the OED, the term is 'chiefly with allusion to Shakespeare's use' in Hamlet.
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