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Latest Petrology Stories

Seas Of Molten Rock Created By Lunar Impacts
2013-03-12 04:54:36

A new analysis shows that the impact event that formed the Orientale basin on the Moon's western edge and far side created a sea of molten rock 220 miles across and at least six miles deep.

2013-03-11 23:01:03

The Sedimentary Geology Laboratory (LAGESED) of UFRJ, coordinated by Prof. Dr.

Mercury May Have Hosted A Magma Ocean In Its Past
2013-02-21 13:29:25

Scientists analyzing data from NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft say that Mercury once harbored an ancient magma ocean.

Traces Of Water Found In Apollo 15 Lunar Sample
2013-02-18 14:39:05

University of Michigan scientists have found traces of water from a lunar sample brought back during the Apollo 15 mission.

New Type Of Volcanic Eruption Described By Scientists
2013-01-21 10:41:33

Neither explosive nor effusive—there’s a new type of volcanic eruption that was recently described in the latest edition of Nature Geoscience.

Earth’s Magma Mantle Melts Hotter Than Previously Thought
2013-01-10 10:10:41

According to a new study, the Earth's mantle magma melts far hotter and deeper in the Earth's core than previously thought, a discovery that will have lasting implications for geologists.

New Test Helps With Understanding Earth’s History And Resources
2012-12-06 10:18:32

A new study co-authored by a University of Florida researcher provides the first direct chronological test of sequence stratigraphy, a powerful tool for exploring Earth’s natural resources.


Latest Petrology Reference Libraries

Chaitén
2014-08-28 10:38:21

Chaitén is a volcanic caldera that is located in southern Chile that reaches an elevation of 3,681 feet. It is thought that this volcano once held a rhyolite obsidian lava dome that reached 3,156 in height, but this was destroyed after its most recent eruption in 2008. In the past, this volcano has released grey obsidian, which was used by pre-Columbian cultures to make many objects, some of which have been found 250 miles away from the volcano. Chaitén experienced the beginning of a new...

28_e9750264d5476c85f9be09d17bc6fd51
2005-05-26 12:03:39

Biotite is a common phyllosilicate mineral that contains potassium, magnesium, iron and aluminium. It is sometimes called "iron mica" and is found in granitic rocks, gneisses, and schists. Like other mica minerals, biotite has a highly perfect basal cleavage, its flexible sheets easily flaking off. It has a hardness of 2.5 - 3, a specific gravity of 2.7 - 3.1, is colored greenish to brown or black, and can be transparent to opaque. Biotite is occasionally found in large sheets, especially in...

28_56635877b282726a86b25cf3e98722c2
2005-05-26 11:30:45

Chert is a fine-grained silica-rich cryptocrystalline sedimentary rock that may contain small fossils. It varies greatly in color from white to black, but most often manifests as gray, brown, grayish brown and light green to rusty red; its color is an expression of trace elements present in the rock, and both red and green are most often related to traces of iron (in its oxidized and reduced forms respectively). It outcrops as nodules in limestone, chalk, and dolostone formations as a...

28_42121cee4c09c0898f52263bea588d54
2005-05-26 11:26:59

Chromite, iron magnesium chromium oxide: (Fe,Mg)Cr2O4, is an oxide mineral belonging to the spinel group. Magnesium is always present in variable amounts, also aluminium and iron substitute for chromium. Chromite is found in peridotite and other layered ultramafic intrusive rocks and also found in metamorphic rocks such as serpentinites. Ore deposites of chromite form as early magmatic differentiates. It is commonly associated with olivine, magnetite, serpentine, and corundum. Chromite is...

28_b760796d3dace508242e89fc53d49081
2005-05-26 11:13:08

In geology, a conglomerate is a rock consisting of other stones that have been cemented together. Conglomerates are sedimentary rocks consisting of subangular clasts and are thus differentiated from breccias, which consist of angular clasts. Both conglomerates and breccias are characterized by clasts larger than sand (>2 mm). There are two varieties of conglomerate, defined by texture: paraconglomerates and orthoconglomerates. Paraconglomerates are one of two varieties of conglomerate...

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Word of the Day
ultimo
  • In the month which preceded the present; in the last month, as distinguished from the current or present month and all others.
  • In the month which preceded the present; in the last month, as distinguished from the current or present month and all others.
The word 'ultimo' comes from the Latin phrase 'ultimo mense', 'in the last month'.
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