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Latest Phanerozoic Stories

Red Meat-Eating Neanderthals May Have Also Been Fish Eaters
2013-09-17 14:22:52

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have theorized that the reason Homo sapiens were able to out-compete Neanderthals was because they embraced a more diverse diet. However, new evidence being presented by a group of European scientists indicates that Neanderthal menus may have been more diverse than previously thought. According to a study published recently in the journal Quaternary International, salmon bones found in a cave in the Caucasus Mountains were...

Researchers Unearth Ape Skull In Yunnan Province, China
2013-09-06 14:10:41

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers working at Shuitangba, a site in Yunnan Province, China, announced the discovery of a fossilized ape cranium that is highly unique due to the fact that it comes from a juvenile of the species and at a time when apes had become extinct in most of Eurasia. "The fossils recovered from Shuitangba constitute one of the most important collections of late Miocene fossils brought to light in recent decades because they represent a...

Earliest Known Scorpion Fossil Discovered In South Africa
2013-09-03 12:41:53

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists publishing a study in the journal African Invertebrate say they have discovered a 350-million-year-old fossilized scorpion. The specimen, discovered in rocks from the Devonian Witteberg Group near Grahamstown, is a new species of scorpion called Gondwanascorpio emzantsiensis. Dr Robert Gess, from the Evolutionary Studies Institute at Wits University, discovered the specimen, which is said to be the oldest known land-living...

End-Permian Mass Extinction Paved Way For Modern Mammals
2013-08-28 16:19:55

Peter Suciu for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Mass extinction certainly sounds like it would be the end of the line, and perhaps even evokes images of the end of the world. However, new research conducted by the University of Lincoln, the National Museum in Bloemfontein, South Africa, and the University of Bristol suggests that the end can also be the beginning. This research, which was published this month in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, noted that the ancient closest...

Prehistoric Fossil Discovery Reveals Details About Earth's Most Successful Mammal Lineage
2013-08-16 14:55:53

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The 160 million-year-old fossil of a newly described species has revealed new details about the most successful mammalian lineage in Earth’s history. Multituberculates were a group of extremely diverse rodent-like mammals, ranging from tree dwellers to fastidious burrowers. They existed for about 120 million years before being out-competed into extinction by more modern mammals in the Oligocene epoch around 35 million years ago....

Oceans May Change Drastically In The Future
2013-08-06 05:37:31

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study, led by Scripps Institution of Oceanography, reveals the look of the oceans will change drastically in the future as the coming greenhouse world alters marine food webs and gives certain species advantages over others, if history's closest analog is any indication. Richard Norris, paleobiologist at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, worked with an international team of scientists to show the ancient...

Extinct Hobbit Resembled Humans Not Apes
2013-07-24 10:37:41

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a new report in the Journal of Archaeological Science, an ancient humanoid species referred to as the "hobbit" closely resembled humans and not apes as some experts previously thought. Archeologists first excavated remains of this three-foot-tall human-like primate from an Indonesian cave in 2003. Known to researchers by its scientific name Homo floresiensis, the species is believed to have been a contemporary of...

Ancient Sabre-Like Toothed Predator Had Weaker Bite Than Domestic Cat
2013-07-02 10:13:13

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Millions of years ago, a bizarre, pouched super-predator terrorized South America with huge saber-like teeth. New research from the University of New South Wales (UNSW), however, shows the Thylacosmilus atrox had a bite weaker than that of a domestic cat. Marsupials in Australia and America are among the closest living relatives of the extinct T. atrox, which had tooth roots extending rearwards almost into its small braincase....

Unique Dinosaur Roamed The Desert Of Supercontinent Pangea
2013-06-25 09:03:28

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Pangaea, a single supercontinent existing from 300-200 million years ago, dominated the Earth during the Permian era with animal and plant life dispersed broadly across the land. This disbursement is documented by identical fossil species found on multiple modern continents. A new study, from the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, supports the idea that Pangaea had an isolated desert at the center of the supercontinent with unique...

2013-06-11 13:25:51

Although scientists have known since the middle of the 19th century that the tropics are teeming with species while the poles harbor relatively few, the origin of the most dramatic and pervasive biodiversity on Earth has never been clear. New research sheds light on how that pattern came about. Furthermore, it confirms that the tropics have been and continue to be the Earth's engine of biodiversity. By examining marine bivalves (two-shelled mollusks including scallops, cockles and...


Latest Phanerozoic Reference Libraries

Mapinguari
2014-04-22 13:41:18

Mapinguari The mapinguari or mapinguary is an ape-like cryptid said to inhabit the Amazon rainforests of Brazil and Bolivia. It is also known as the Isnashi. Several attempts to find physical evidence that the creature exists have been conducted. Samples have been gathered, but when analyzed it was found to be from known animals and some of the castings of tracks were inconclusive. Native folklore has described the creature as having only one eye, long claws, backward feet, a...

Palaeovespa
2014-04-18 16:08:43

Palaeovespa is a genus of wasps that holds seven species, all of which are extinct. Two of the species were discovered in Baltic amber deposits from Europe dating back to the middle Eocene era, while the other five were found in Florissant Formation amber from the Priabonian stage era in Colorado in the United States. This genus, and four of its species, was first described in 1906 by Dr. Theodore Cockerell in the Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Cockerell described all but one...

Australopithecus africanus
2013-11-29 10:55:07

Australopithecus africanus was an early hominid, an australopithecine that lived between roughly 3.03 and 2.04 million years ago in the later Pliocene and early Pleistocene. Au. africanus was of slender build and was thought to have been a direct ancestor of modern humans. Fossil remains signify that Au. africanus was considerably more like modern humans that Au. afarensis, with a more human-like cranium permitting a larger brain and more humanoid facial features. This hominid has only been...

Thescelosaurus
2013-04-28 18:48:11

Thescelosaurus, meaning “godlike”, “wondrous”, or “marvelous” and “lizard” was a genus of small ornithopod dinosaur that appeared at the very end of the Late Cretaceous period in North America. It was a member of the last dinosaurian fauna before the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction event around 65.5 million years ago. The completeness and preservation of many of its specimens illustrate that it might have preferred to live near streams. This bipedal ornithopod is known from...

Daspletosaurus
2013-04-28 18:27:18

Daspletosaurus, meaning “frightful lizard” is a genus of tyrannosaurid theropod dinosaur that resided in western North America between 77 and 74 million years ago, during the Late Cretaceous Period. Fossils of the only named species were found in Alberta, although other possible species from Alberta and Montana wait for description. Daspletosaurus is closely related to the much larger and more current Tyrannosaurus. Like most of the known tyrannosaurids, it was a multi-ton bipedal...

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Word of the Day
sough
  • A murmuring sound; a rushing or whistling sound, like that of the wind; a deep sigh.
  • A gentle breeze; a waft; a breath.
  • Any rumor that engages general attention.
  • A cant or whining mode of speaking, especially in preaching or praying; the chant or recitative characteristic of the old Presbyterians in Scotland.
  • To make a rushing, whistling, or sighing sound; emit a hollow murmur; murmur or sigh like the wind.
  • To breathe in or as in sleep.
  • To utter in a whining or monotonous tone.
According to the OED, from the 16th century, this word is 'almost exclusively Scots and northern dialect until adopted in general literary use in the 19th.'
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