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Last updated on April 19, 2014 at 17:21 EDT

Latest Philosophy of biology Stories

New Interactive Map Reveals Human History Of Genetic Mixing
2014-02-14 06:41:32

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A multi-institutional team of researchers this week published in the journal Science a study identifying, dating and characterizing the genetic mixing between populations around the world. Along with the study, the team released an interactive map detailing the histories of this genetic mixing. Researchers from Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Oxford University and University College London developed...

More Native Biodiversity Supported By Cities Than Previously Thought
2014-02-13 13:44:39

Julie Cohen - University of California - Santa Barbara Researchers at UCSB's NCEAS compile the largest global dataset of urban birds and plants, which shows world's cities retain a unique natural palette The rapid conversion of natural lands to cement-dominated urban centers is causing great losses in biodiversity. Yet, according to a new study involving 147 cities worldwide, surprisingly high numbers of plant and animal species persist and even flourish in urban environments — to...

2014-02-10 11:03:42

A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory physicist and his colleagues have found a new application for the tools and mathematics typically used in physics to help solve problems in biology. Specifically, the team used statistical mechanics and mathematical modeling to shed light on something known as epigenetic memory -- how an organism can create a biological memory of some variable condition, such as quality of nutrition or temperature. "The work highlights the interdisciplinary...

2014-02-06 09:48:38

Females discern male mouse songs to avoid inbreeding Female mice prefer songs of mice that are different from their parents when selecting a mate, according to a study published February 5, 2014 in PLOS ONE by Akari Asaba from the Azabu University, Japan, and colleagues. Furthermore, these preferences may be shaped by early social experiences with their fathers. Many animals can learn the characteristics of a desirable mate when they are young, and this includes the ability to recognize...

2014-02-05 11:40:36

Sponges are an important animal for marine and freshwater ecology and represent a rich animal diversity found throughout the world, from tropical climates to the arctic poles. For evolutionary biologists, they also present an interesting animal for comparative study because they are simple filter feeders, and lack nervous, digestive or circulatory systems, suggesting that they diverged early from other animals. To provide a wider framework for understanding the molecular complexity behind...

2014-02-04 12:21:21

- He was the first to describe a case of co-evolution - between butterflies and plants - and how it may contrive to generate biological diversity MADRID, Feb. 4, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The sixth annual BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Ecology and Conservation Biology category goes to entomologist Paul Ehrlich, Professor of Biology at Stanford University (United States), for having "contributed key conceptual advances in the science of ecology and conservation...

Researchers Reveal Nine Steps To Save Waterways
2014-01-31 13:55:37

The University of British Columbia The key to clean water and sustainable fisheries is to follow nine guiding principles of water management, says a team of Canadian biologists. Fish habitats need ecosystems that are rich in food with places to hide from predators and lay eggs, according to the framework published today in the journal Environmental Reviews. Humans have put key freshwater ecosystems at risk because of land development and the loss of the vegetation along rivers and...

2014-01-30 04:21:03

Six Heroes Advance to Vie for Quarter of a Million Dollars in World's Leading Award for Animal Conservation INDIANAPOLIS, Jan. 30, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Six exceptional conservationists have advanced as finalists for the 2014 Indianapolis Prize, the world's leading award for animal conservation. Selected from a group of 39 nominees, the finalists in the running for $250,000 include: Joel Berger, Ph.D.; Gerardo Ceballos, Ph.D.; Carl Jones, Ph.D.; Russell A. Mittermeier, Ph.D.; Carl...

Ocean Acidification Long Term Research
2014-01-28 13:43:59

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online More research is necessary for an accurate determination of how marine species will cope long-term with ocean acidification, according to a new research review in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution. "We can't measure evolutionary responses in all organisms, so we need to choose carefully to get the most bang for our buck," said review author Jennifer Sunday, a post-doctoral researcher at The University of British Columbia in...

2014-01-28 12:22:36

Project combines global online design challenge with lab experiments An enthusiastic group of non-experts, working through an online interface and receiving feedback from lab experiments, has produced designs for RNA molecules that are consistently more successful than those generated by the best computerized design algorithms, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Stanford University report. Moreover, the researchers gathered some of the best design rules and practices...