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Latest Photon Stories

2011-07-07 19:14:55

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have created a tunable superconducting circuit on a chip that can place a single microwave photon (particle of light) in two frequencies, or colors, at the same time. This curious "superposition," a hallmark of the quantum world, is a chip-scale, microwave version of a common optics experiment in which a device called a beam-splitter sends a photon into either of two possible paths across a table of lasers, lenses and...

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2011-07-07 13:55:12

Showcasing new tools for widespread development of quantum circuits made of mechanical parts, scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a flexible, broadly usable technique for steadily calming the vibrations of an engineered mechanical object down to the quantum "ground state," the lowest possible energy level. Described in a Nature paper posted online July 6, the NIST experiments nearly stop the beating motion of a microscopic aluminum drum...

2011-07-01 12:28:03

By swapping one superconducting material for another, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have found a practical way to boost the efficiency of the world's fastest single-photon detector, while also extending light sensitivity to longer wavelengths. The new tungsten-silicon alloy could make the ultrafast detectors more practical for use in quantum communications and computing systems, experiments testing the nature of reality, and emerging applications...

2011-06-21 18:29:33

In quantum physics there are two classes of fundamental particles. Photons, the quanta of light, are bosons, while the protons and neutrons that make up atomic nuclei belong to the fermions. Bosons and fermions differ in their behavior at a very basic level. This difference is expressed in their quantum statistics. In the 1980s a third species of fundamental particle was postulated, which was dubbed the anyon. In their quantum statistics, anyons interpolate between bosons and fermions. "They...

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2011-06-05 08:55:00

Researchers have changed one of the most basic rules of quantum mechanics: observing light behaving as both a wave and a particle -- a "complementarity" rule that asserts that it is impossible to do, even though it is strictly both.In an experiment reported in the journal Science, researchers say the feat "pulls back the veil" on quantum reality in a way that was thought to be prohibited by theory.Quantum mechanics, a counterintuitive branch of physics that deals with atomic-scale...

2011-06-03 00:01:24

Quantum mechanics is famous for saying that a tree falling in a forest when there's no one there doesn't make a sound. Quantum mechanics also says that if anyone is listening, it interferes with and changes the tree. And so the famous paradox: how can we know reality if we cannot measure it without distorting it? An international team of researchers, led by University of Toronto physicist Aephraim Steinberg of the Centre for Quantum Information and Quantum Control, have found a way to do just...

2011-05-27 00:00:29

Photon Control Inc. ("Photon Control") (TSX-V: PHO), a leading developer of innovative measurement technologies, is pleased to announce the launch of a new product; The Downhole Pressure and Temperature Sensor (DHPTS) is specifically designed to meet the demanding needs of the Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) process required to efficiently extract the bitumen from oil sands projects. Burnaby, BC (PRWEB) May 26, 2011 Major Oil and Gas companies are investing significant dollars in...

2011-05-09 14:16:49

Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have demonstrated a new technology for graphene that could break the current speed limits in digital communications. The team of researchers, led by UC Berkeley engineering professor Xiang Zhang, built a tiny optical device that uses graphene, a one-atom-thick layer of crystallized carbon, to switch light on and off. This switching ability is the fundamental characteristic of a network modulator, which controls the speed at which data...

2011-05-02 20:51:42

A powerful quantum computer could be designed with an incredibly tiny memory A data memory can hardly be any smaller: researchers working with Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching have stored quantum information in a single atom. The researchers wrote the quantum state of single photons, i.e. particles of light, into a rubidium atom and read it out again after a certain storage time. This technique can be used in principle to design powerful quantum...

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2011-04-26 09:10:00

By Roland Michel Tremblay (rm@themarginal.com) Interstellar space-travel and near-instant communication; discovering a network of intelligent extraterrestrial signals; harnessing the mysterious instantaneous quantum-entanglement effect. These are all either science fiction or things we will probably never live to see or understand, correct? Not at all. By the end of this article you will see how clarifying a simple but extremely fundamental misunderstanding in our science legacy makes all of...


Latest Photon Reference Libraries

6_c9b95f985acbe749f13bf6301a3180a85
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Electromagnetic Spectrum -- The electromagnetic spectrum describes the various types of electromagnetic radiation based on their wavelengths. Radio, representing wavelengths from a few feet to well over a mile, is at one end of the spectrum. Gamma ray radiation is at the other end: the wavelength of the harder types is so short, in the subatomic range, that we do not have instruments capable of directly measuring it. While the above classification scheme is generally accurate, in...

6_c9b95f985acbe749f13bf6301a3180a84
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Electromagnetic Radiation -- Electromagnetic radiation is a combination of oscillating electric and magnetic fields propagating through space and carrying energy from one place to another. Light is a form of electromagnetic radiation. The theoretical study of electromagnetic radiation is called electrodynamics, a subfield of electromagnetism. When any wire (or other conducting object such as an antenna) conducts alternating current, electromagnetic radiation is propagated at the same...

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