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Latest Photoreceptor cell Stories

2014-06-06 09:41:21

NIH/National Eye Institute NIH-funded study could help improve retinal prosthetic devices In laboratory tests, researchers have used electrical stimulation of retinal cells to produce the same patterns of activity that occur when the retina sees a moving object. Although more work remains, this is a step toward restoring natural, high-fidelity vision to blind people, the researchers say. The work was funded in part by the National Institutes of Health. Just 20 years ago, bionic...

Grapes Help Support Eye Health
2014-05-30 03:30:50

California Table Grape Commission New research presented this week at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology conference in Orlando, Florida suggests that regular grape consumption may play a role in eye health by protecting the retina from deterioration. Specifically, a grape-enriched diet resulted in a protective effect on retinal structure and function. The retina is the part of the eye that contains the cells that respond to light, known as photoreceptors. There are...

2014-04-18 14:18:55

Fruit flies are pretty predictable when it comes to scheduling their days, with peaks of activity at dawn and dusk and rest times in between. Now, researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Cell Reports on April 17th have found that the clusters of brain cells responsible for each of those activity peaks—known as the morning and evening oscillators, respectively—don't work alone. For flies' internal clocks to follow the sun, cooperation is key. "Without proper synchronization,...

2014-02-10 11:15:53

Optogenetics is a technique that allows scientists to control neurons' electrical activity with light by engineering them to express light-sensitive proteins. Within the past decade, it has become a very powerful tool for discovering the functions of different types of cells in the brain. Most of these light-sensitive proteins, known as opsins, respond to light in the blue-green range. Now, a team led by MIT has discovered an opsin that is sensitive to red light, which allows researchers...

2013-09-13 08:20:44

Scientists reveal how organic mercury can interfere with vision More than one billion people worldwide rely on fish as an important source of animal protein, states the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. And while fish provide slightly over 7 per cent of animal protein in North America, in Asia they represent about 23 per cent of consumption. Humans consume low levels of methylmercury by eating fish and seafood. Methylmercury compounds specifically target the central...

2013-08-09 10:10:37

Animal study reveals “unexpected” role of horizontal cells in photoreceptor rod and cone cell development of retina Scientists are developing a clearer picture of how visual systems develop in mammals. The findings offer important clues to the origin of retinal disorders later in life. In research published this week in the Journal of Neuroscience, University at Buffalo scientists and colleagues focused on a particular protein, called a transcription factor, that regulates gene...

2013-02-07 15:27:50

Among the animals that are appealing “cover models” for scientific journals, lancelets don´t spring readily to mind. Slender, limbless, primitive blobs that look pretty much the same end to end, lancelets “are extremely boring. I wouldn´t recommend them for a home aquarium,” says Enrico Nasi, adjunct senior scientist in the MBL´s Cellular Dynamics Program. Yet Nasi and his collaborators managed to land a lancelet on the cover of The Journal of...

2013-01-03 13:28:04

Important element in road towards development of new drugs for neurodegenerative diseases All living cells keep their cellular calcium concentration at a very low level. Since a small increase in calcium can affect many critical cellular functions (an elevated calcium concentration over an extended period can induce cell death), powerful cellular mechanisms ensure that calcium concentration quickly returns to its low level. It is known that impairments of cellular calcium regulation...

Prosthesis Could Restore Sight To Those With Degenerative Eye Disorders
2012-05-14 04:31:37

Patients who have lost their sight due to some degenerative eye conditions may someday have their vision restored thanks to a new device developed by experts at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The unit, announced by Stanford on Sunday, is a type of retinal prosthesis that uses miniature cells similar to solar panels, which are surgically installed underneath the retina, along with a special pair of camera-equipped goggles and a pocket computer which processes the information...

2012-01-23 22:26:30

Members of a University of Pennsylvania research team have shown that they can prevent, or even reverse, a blinding retinal disease, X-linked Retinitis Pigmentosa, or XLRP, in dogs. The disease in humans and dogs is caused by defects in the RPGR gene and results in early, severe and progressive vision loss. It is one of the most common inherited forms of retinal degeneration in man. "Every single abnormal feature that defines the disease in the dogs was corrected following treatment,"...


Word of the Day
siliqua
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'
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