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POLARBEAR Seeks Cosmic Answers In Microwave Polarization

POLARBEAR Seeks Cosmic Answers In Microwave Polarization

Provided by Robert Sanders, University of California - Berkeley An international team of physicists has measured a subtle characteristic in the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation that will allow them to map the...

Latest Physical cosmology Stories

2014-10-21 23:05:29

Pamela Fleming, Executive Vice President, The Institute for Basic Research, Florida, announces that "The recently observed 'Red Moon' establishes the lack of expansion of the universe because the Moon sees Sunlight redshifted while passing through Earth's atmosphere without relative motion. This is evidence that, light reaching us from galaxies is redshifted without the expansion of the universe due to the replacement of Earth's atmosphere with intergalactic...

2014-10-16 16:20:41

WASHINGTON, Oct. 16, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Peering through a giant cosmic magnifying glass, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has spotted a tiny, faint galaxy -- one of the farthest galaxies ever seen. The diminutive object is estimated to be more than 13 billion light-years away. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO This galaxy offers a peek back to the very early formative years of the universe and may just be the tip of the iceberg. "This galaxy is an...

APEX Reveals Hidden Star Formation In The Spiderweb Galaxy
2014-10-15 03:01:28

Provided by ESO Galaxy clusters are the largest objects in the Universe held together by gravity but their formation is not well understood. The Spiderweb Galaxy (formally known as MRC 1138-262) and its surroundings have been studied for twenty years, using ESO and other telescopes, and is thought to be one of the best examples of a protocluster in the process of assembly, more than ten billion years ago. But Helmut Dannerbauer (University of Vienna, Austria) and his team strongly...

big bang universe
2014-10-11 06:14:12

Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online By measuring the radiation leaks in a large, densely-packed star-forming galaxy, astronomers have been able to learn more about how the universe evolved as the first stars were formed, according to research published online Thursday in the journal Science. Lead author Sanchayeeta Borthakur, an assistant research scientist at Johns Hopkins University, and her colleagues reported how they used a method of analyzing star-forming galaxies...

milky way dark matter
2014-10-10 04:30:30

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of Australian astrophysicists has determined that the Milky Way has half as much dark matter as previously thought, according to a new study published in the Astrophysical Journal. Dark matter is a mysterious invisible substance that has profound gravitational effect throughout the universe. The researchers found that the amount of dark matter in our galaxy is 800,000,000,000 times the mass of the Sun. To reach their...

andromeda galaxy
2014-09-20 05:19:03

Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When galaxies grow too massive to continue making their own stars, they begin cannibalizing other nearby galaxies, experts from the University of Western Australia and an international team of colleagues reported this week in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Dr. Aaron Robotham, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Western Australia node of the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research...

fishing for galaxies
2014-09-10 07:27:54

Whitney Clavin, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory A new survey of galaxies by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope is taking a plunge into the deep and uncharted waters of our cosmos. In one of the longest surveys the telescope will have ever performed, astronomers have begun a three-month expedition trawling for faint galaxies billions of light-years away. The results are already yielding surprises. "If you think of our survey as fishing for galaxies in the cosmic sea, then we are finding...

distribution of dark matter
2014-09-09 11:12:54

Leighton Kitson, Durham University Scientists believe they have found a way to explain why there are not as many galaxies orbiting the Milky Way as expected. Computer simulations of the formation of our galaxy suggest that there should be many more, smaller galaxies around the Milky Way than are observed through telescopes. This has thrown doubt on the generally accepted theory of cold dark matter, a substance that scientists predict should allow for more galaxy formation around the...

dark matter
2014-09-05 09:05:24

Brendan M. Lynch, University of Kansas Astrophysicists believe that about 80 percent of the substance of our universe is made up of mysterious “dark matter” that can’t be perceived by human senses or scientific instruments. “Dark matter has not yet been detected in a lab. We infer about it from astronomical observations,” said Mikhail Medvedev, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Kansas, who has just published breakthrough research on dark matter that...

Laniakea Supercluster
2014-09-04 04:40:37

Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using a new mapping technique that takes into account the motions of nearby galaxies, and not just their distances, researchers from the University of Hawaii have discovered that the Milky Way resides on the outer edge of a massive, previously undetected supercluster of galaxies that they have dubbed Laniakea. Laniakea, a moniker created from the words meaning “immeasurable heaven” in Hawaiian, spans 520 million light-years in...


Latest Physical cosmology Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

67_4ae26d06e7989cbc4cd9f57abd6295f5
2010-09-08 16:02:39

As of 2009, JKCS 041 is a group of galaxies with the distinction of being the farthest away group from Earth ever observed. Seen at redshift 1.9, it is estimated to be 10.2 billion light years away. The cluster is located within the constellation Cetus at a photometrically determined redshift of z=1.9 at right ascension 2h 26m 44s declination -04° 41"² 37"³ (J2000.0).

45_b90d45a4e7d89d873d39705549e516ce
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Sample Entry: Astronomy is the scientific study of stars, planets, comets, galaxies, and other phenomena that occur outside Earth's atmosphere (e.g. cosmic radiation). Astronomy deals with the evolution, physics, chemical makeup, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, and also the formation of the universe. The word Astronomy comes from the Greek words astron (meaning "star") and nomos (meaning "law"). Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Since the dawn of man, people always...

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Word of the Day
conjunto
  • A style of popular dance music originating along the border between Texas and Mexico, characterized by the use of accordion, drums, and 12-string bass guitar and traditionally based on polka, waltz, and bolero rhythms.
The word 'conjunto' comes through Spanish, from Latin coniūnctus, past participle of coniungere, to join together; see conjoin