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Latest Physical cosmology Stories

New Theory Explains Expansion Of Universe
2013-09-10 08:47:37

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the better part of a century the astronomical community has understood that the Universe is expanding, yet the exact nature of this expansion has been difficult to quantify. One extreme instance of this is the acceleration of galaxies receding from us billions of light-years away. But even looking closer to home, calculating the rate of expansion has proven difficult. Traditionally, scientists, measuring the recession...

Evolution Of Early Universe Successfully Simulated With Ultracold Big Bang Experiment
2013-08-29 10:22:39

University of Chicago Physicists have reproduced a pattern resembling the cosmic microwave background radiation in a laboratory simulation of the Big Bang, using ultracold cesium atoms in a vacuum chamber at the University of Chicago. “This is the first time an experiment like this has simulated the evolution of structure in the early universe,” said Cheng Chin, professor in physics. Chin and his associates reported their feat in the Aug. 1 edition of Science Express, and it will...

Modified Gravity Theory Predicts Galaxy Dynamics
2013-08-29 10:22:45

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For decades astronomers have studied the motions of galaxies – their rotations about their axes, as well as their interactions with each other – and been puzzled by what they have observed. The data suggests one of two possibilities: either these galaxies, and the space between them, contain significantly more mass than what is seen, or our physical understanding of gravity is flawed. The oft-discussed solution is that...

Higgs Boson Dark Energy
2013-08-12 08:44:59

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the better part of two decades, the greatest fundamental question facing physics and cosmology has been, quite simply, what is dark energy? Detailed observations of galaxies in our Universe reveal the expansion of the Universe is accelerating. Even after accounting for all of the normal matter, radiation, and even the theorized dark matter out there, there still simply isn't enough "stuff" to explain the dynamics of the...

3D Map Of The Large-Scale Structure Of The Universe Released
2013-08-08 13:58:29

Subaru Telescope An international team led by astronomers from Kyoto University, the University of Tokyo and the University of Oxford has released its first version of a 3D map of the Universe from its FastSound project (Note 1), which is surveying galaxies in the Universe over nine billion light years away. Using the Subaru Telescope's new Fiber Multi-Object Spectrograph (FMOS, Note 2), the team's 3D map includes 1,100 galaxies and shows the large-scale structure of the Universe nine...

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Data Allows Furthest Look Back Through Time
2013-08-08 04:23:16

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The best way to solve a mystery, as any detective can tell you, is to revisit the scene where it began and look for clues. Scientists, searching for the mysteries of our universe, are trying to go back as far as they can to the Big Bang. Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) conducted a new analysis of cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation data to take the furthest look back yet. This look - 100...

Andromeda Galaxy Image Processed By The HSC Data Analysis Software
2013-08-06 11:44:39

Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe Today, researchers at the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU) released the first image of the Andromeda Galaxy (M31) processed with the data analysis software developed for the Subaru Telescope's Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC). The HSC project's 'first light' was announced last week (A New View on the Origin of Dark Matter and Dark Energy - Image of M31 Heralds the Dawn of HSC). Researchers at...

Old Age Makes Monster Galaxies Picky Eaters
2013-08-02 13:32:17

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new analysis from scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) revealed that supermassive galaxies have stopped cannibalizing their neighbors over the past few billion years. The finding calls current models for galactic growth into question. "We've found that these massive galaxies may have started a diet in the last 5 billion years, and therefore have not gained much weight lately," said Yen-Ting Lin of the Academia Sinica...

New Weapon Hunt For Dark Matter Energy
2013-08-02 13:06:59

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The search for dark matter - and the even more mysterious dark energy - has both captivated and frustrated the minds of cosmologists and astronomers. There are the obvious reasons: by definition these phenomenon are difficult, if not impossible, to observe directly, and their effects can often be so subtle that making precise enough measurements proves a technical challenge. To overcome these difficulties, a team from the...

Google Hangout: A New Baby Picture Of The Universe
2013-07-26 07:34:00

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online This spring, scientists from the Max Planck Institute showed humanity the most detailed map ever created of the early universe. The map was generated from data gathered by the Planck spacecraft. It shows fluctuations in temperature in the relic radiation left over from the Big Bang - the moment when space and time came into existence nearly 14 billion years ago. This relic radiation is sort of like an afterglow of the Big Bang. It is...


Latest Physical cosmology Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

67_4ae26d06e7989cbc4cd9f57abd6295f5
2010-09-08 16:02:39

As of 2009, JKCS 041 is a group of galaxies with the distinction of being the farthest away group from Earth ever observed. Seen at redshift 1.9, it is estimated to be 10.2 billion light years away. The cluster is located within the constellation Cetus at a photometrically determined redshift of z=1.9 at right ascension 2h 26m 44s declination -04° 41"² 37"³ (J2000.0).

45_b90d45a4e7d89d873d39705549e516ce
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Sample Entry: Astronomy is the scientific study of stars, planets, comets, galaxies, and other phenomena that occur outside Earth's atmosphere (e.g. cosmic radiation). Astronomy deals with the evolution, physics, chemical makeup, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, and also the formation of the universe. The word Astronomy comes from the Greek words astron (meaning "star") and nomos (meaning "law"). Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Since the dawn of man, people always...

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Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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