Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 21:20 EDT

Latest Physical cosmology Stories

Pear Shaped Atomic Nuclei
2013-05-09 11:28:49

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a study in the journal Nature, a team of international scientists has found the first ever direct evidence of pear-shaped atomic nuclei. Bizarre pear-shaped nuclei could be the key to understanding one of the great mysteries of the universe: the reason for the Big Bang´s creation of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. "If equal amounts of matter and antimatter were created at the Big Bang, everything...

Clouds Of Hydrogen Gas Found In Our Galactic Backyard
2013-05-08 12:37:51

Watch the video “Intergalactic Clouds Lurk Between Nearby Galaxies" John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online As we gaze into space beyond the confines of our own Milky Way, we see a Universe filled with galaxies. But what scientists have come to realize is that the emptiness that spans between these giant pools of stars is not empty at all, but rather is filled with massive amounts of gas. In fact, these gas reservoirs can sometimes outweigh the galaxies...

Evolution Of Black Holes Compared To Evolution Of Flight
2013-05-07 06:19:35

[ Listen to the Podcast Series: How Stars Die And Black Holes Form ] John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists have debated the merits of the anthropic principle — the notion that the universe is somehow fine-tuned for life, or vice versa — and its variants for decades. The search to understand the nature and evolution of the universe is what plagues the fields of cosmology and astrophysics. Are we here because we happened upon a...

Black Holes Can Help Determine The Universe's Rate Of Expansion
2013-04-23 04:48:33

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In 2011, the Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to a trio of researchers. Adam Riess, Saul Perlmutter and Brian Schmidt were able to determine that the speed and scope of the expansion of the universe is not so uniform as once believed. This simple discovery threw the whole prospect of dating and measuring time in galaxies far from our own. However, this week saw a multi-national collaboration come together to detail just how we...

Most Distant Source Of High-Energy Gamma Rays Comes From Distant Blazar
2013-04-19 04:57:41

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Of all the active galactic nuclei, blazars are the brightest and emit very high-energy gamma rays. A team led by physicists from the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), has made new observations of the blazar known as PKS 1424+240 that reveal it is the most distant known source of very high-energy gamma rays. The emission spectrum of PKS 1424+240 now appears highly unusual in the light of new data. Data from the Hubble Space...

Stephen Hawking Touches On God And Dark Matter At Caltech Speech
2013-04-18 11:09:45

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Although he probably never expected a career in physics would warrant it, Stephen Hawking received a ℠rock star´ reception to his speaking engagement at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena, California on Tuesday. The 71-year-old scientist covered a wide range of topics during his speech, from the past and future of astrophysics to the existence of God. “It has been a glorious time to be alive and doing...

Young Universe Was A Massive Factory For Star Formation
2013-04-17 13:36:09

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers say they have discovered a star factory in a galaxy so distant that they see it when the Universe was only six percent of its current age of about 13.7 billion years old. The team wrote in the journal Nature that HFLS3 sits at about 12.8 billion light-years from Earth. They said the distant galaxy is producing about 3,000 Suns per year, which is more than 2,000 times that of our own Milky Way galaxy. "This is the...

Big Bang In High Fidelity Sound
2013-04-10 10:53:15

[ Watch the Video: The Sounds of the Big Bang in High Fidelity ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online "If the Universe started with a bang, and no one was alive yet to observe it, would it still make a sound?" It sounds like the start of a really cliché joke, but the answer, surprisingly, is yes. Scientists believe the expanding early Universe produced waves of sound that echoed through the dense plasma and hydrogen that filled it at the time....

Scientists Discover The Earliest Known Starburst Galaxies In The Universe
2013-04-05 15:32:28

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of researchers announced it has found some of the Universe´s earliest starburst galaxies, essentially young energetic clusters of cosmic gas and dust that form stars at an alarming rate. The discoveries, which were detailed in reports published in Nature and the Astrophysical Journal, were made using the newly inaugurated Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope. In its first billions...

2013-04-04 12:22:23

WASHINGTON, April 4, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has found the farthest supernova so far of the type used to measure cosmic distances. Supernova UDS10Wil, nicknamed SN Wilson after American President Woodrow Wilson, exploded more than 10 billion years ago. (Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) SN Wilson belongs to a special class called Type Ia supernovae. These bright beacons are prized by astronomers because they provide a...

Latest Physical cosmology Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-08 16:02:39

As of 2009, JKCS 041 is a group of galaxies with the distinction of being the farthest away group from Earth ever observed. Seen at redshift 1.9, it is estimated to be 10.2 billion light years away. The cluster is located within the constellation Cetus at a photometrically determined redshift of z=1.9 at right ascension 2h 26m 44s declination -04° 41"² 37"³ (J2000.0).

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Sample Entry: Astronomy is the scientific study of stars, planets, comets, galaxies, and other phenomena that occur outside Earth's atmosphere (e.g. cosmic radiation). Astronomy deals with the evolution, physics, chemical makeup, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, and also the formation of the universe. The word Astronomy comes from the Greek words astron (meaning "star") and nomos (meaning "law"). Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Since the dawn of man, people always...

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