Latest Physical cosmology Stories

Cosmic Journey 13 Billion Years In The Making Seen By Plank
2013-04-02 11:43:48

ESA Cosmologists using data from ESA's Planck satellite have compiled the first all-sky image of the distribution of dark matter across the entire history of the Universe as seen projected on the sky. This is made possible by analyzing the tiny distortions imprinted on the photons of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) by the gravitational lensing effect of massive cosmic structures. As photons traveled through these structures, which consist primarily of dark matter, their paths became...

New Light Shed On The Earliest Moments Of The Universe Using New Radio Telescope
2013-03-27 10:47:16

Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Africa In the week that saw the release of the first results from the European Space Agency's Planck satellite, astronomers at the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO) near Johannesburg are working on a new radio telescope that will also shed new light on the very earliest moments of universe. The C-Band All-Sky Survey (C-BASS) is a project to map the sky in microwave (short-wavelength radio) radiation. Like Planck, it will survey the whole...

Sideline Quasars May Have Hampered Galaxy Formation
2013-03-22 04:19:47

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Astronomers from the University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder) believe that so-called sideline quasars located on the outer fringes of a larger, brighter active galactic nucleus might have joined forces with it to prevent the formation of small galaxies billions of years ago. Michael Shull, a professor of astrophysical and planetary sciences at the university´s Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, and research...

Planck Mission Exposes Ancient Light With Help From Supercomputer
2013-03-21 13:31:52

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Like archeologists carefully digging for fossils, scientists with the Planck mission are sifting through cosmic clutter to find the most ancient light in the universe. The Planck space telescope has created the most precise sky map ever made of the oldest light known, harking back to the dawn of time. This light, called the cosmic microwave background, has traveled 13.8 billion years to reach us. It is so faint that Planck observes every point on the sky...

ESA's Planck Space Mission Creates Highly-Detailed Map Of The Universe
2013-03-21 12:44:54

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Using technologies contributed by NASA, the European Space Agency's (ESA) Planck space mission has provided the most accurate and detailed map made of the oldest light in the Universe. Results from Planck are giving a more detailed look into our Universe's history than ever before. The map suggests that the Universe is expanding more slowly and is 100 million years older than scientists previously thought. The data also shows...

Starburst Galaxies Observations Reveal They Occured Earlier In Universe Than Previously Believed
2013-03-13 14:29:45

WATCH VIDEO: [Gravitational Lensing of Distant Star-Forming Galaxies] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers reported in Nature and the Astrophysical Journal that starburst galaxies from early in the universe's history took place earlier than previously though. Scientists making observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope say they have found that the most vigorous bursts of star birth in the universe actually took...

Scientests Discover Extremely Rare Triple Quasar
2013-03-12 09:51:15

Royal Astronomical Society For only the second time in history, a team of scientists including Michele Fumagalli from the Carnegie Institution for Science in the United States have discovered an extremely rare triple quasar system. Their work is published in the Oxford University Press journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Quasars are extremely bright and powerful sources of energy that sit in the center of a galaxy, surrounding a black hole. In systems with...

Methuselah Star Birth Certificate
2013-03-08 08:38:30

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The ink is drying on a brand new birth certificate for a star that's been around for a very long time. New calculations using NASA'S Hubble Space Telescope have enabled a group of astronomers to take an important step closer to reconciling the age of this star, and the age of the Universe. "We have found that this is the oldest known star with a well-determined age," said Howard Bond of Pennsylvania State University in University...

2013-03-07 23:01:32

Angel Flight West attracts aviation enthusiasts to San Diego Air and Space Museum event where AFW volunteer pilot and University of California San Diego professor of astrophysics, Brian G. Keating, PhD, describes and depicts first moments after Big Bang gleaned from South Pole microwave telescopes. San Diego, CA (PRWEB) March 07, 2013 Angel Flight West (AFW)–a volunteer-pilot, nonprofit organization that arranges free, non-emergency air travel for children and adults with serious...

Latest Physical cosmology Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-08 16:02:39

As of 2009, JKCS 041 is a group of galaxies with the distinction of being the farthest away group from Earth ever observed. Seen at redshift 1.9, it is estimated to be 10.2 billion light years away. The cluster is located within the constellation Cetus at a photometrically determined redshift of z=1.9 at right ascension 2h 26m 44s declination -04° 41"² 37"³ (J2000.0).

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Sample Entry: Astronomy is the scientific study of stars, planets, comets, galaxies, and other phenomena that occur outside Earth's atmosphere (e.g. cosmic radiation). Astronomy deals with the evolution, physics, chemical makeup, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, and also the formation of the universe. The word Astronomy comes from the Greek words astron (meaning "star") and nomos (meaning "law"). Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Since the dawn of man, people always...

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