Latest Physical cosmology Stories

Stars Living On The Edge
2012-10-25 04:37:37

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A mysterious infrared glow seen across the entire sky comes from isolated stars beyond the edges of galaxies, according to a new study using data from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. The study, published in the journal Nature, suggests that these stars once belonged to the galaxies they edge up to, but were stripped away into the relatively empty space outside during violent galaxy mergers. Astronomers have disagreed for a long time...

New Details Shed Light On Galaxy Evolution
2012-10-22 12:54:34

[WATCH VIDEO: Computer Model Shows a Disk Galaxy´s Life History] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online After a comprehensive study of hundreds of galaxies, astronomers have uncovered a surprising trend in galaxy evolution. The team studied a sample of 544 blue galaxies from the Deep Extragalactic Evolutionary Probe 2 (DEEP2) Redshift Survey, and wrote about their findings in The Astrophysical Journal. "Astronomers thought disk galaxies in the nearby...

Hubble Helps Map Dark Matter In 3D
2012-10-17 04:20:05

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A giant filament of dark matter extends 60 million light-years from one of the most massive galaxy clusters known. Leftover from the very first moments after the Big Bang, the filament is part of the cosmic web that constitutes the structure of the Universe. Scientists using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have studied this filament in 3D for the first time and conclude that if the filament is representative of the rest of the...

Galactic Collisions Between Big Galaxies Form Even Bigger Galaxies
2012-10-12 14:36:09

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When massive galaxies belly-up to the interstellar buffet, their centers expand as they gobble up other galaxies that contain billions and billions of stars, according to a new report from University of Utah astronomers. "We found that during the last 6 billion years, the matter that makes up massive elliptical galaxies is getting more concentrated toward the centers of those galaxies. This is evidence that big galaxies are crashing...

Author Richard Panek Wins 2012 AIP Science Communication Awards For Science Writing
2012-10-11 08:12:40

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) has selected author Richard Panek as winner of this year´s AIP Science Communication Award in the Science Writing category for his book The 4% Universe: Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and the Race to Discover the Rest of Reality. The selection committee praised the book for its excellent writing and accurate depictions of the process of scientific investigation. “The mysteries of cosmology easily capture the imagination,” said...

New Hubble Data Reveals Ancient Dusty Galaxies
2012-10-10 09:08:37

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Dust can be the bane of any good housekeeper or computer technician. However, it is an important building block for stars and planets, and astronomers need to understand how cosmic dust forms over time. This understanding is an integral step in figuring out the evolution of galaxies and the stars and planets that they´re made of. Assistant professor Steven Finkelstein, of the University of Texas at Austin, and his colleagues are...

Milky Way Larger Than Previously Thought
2012-10-06 07:49:29

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports — Your Universe Online The mass of the Milky Way is approximately 20% larger than previously believed, scientists from the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) have discovered. The NAOJ team, led by associate professor Mareki Honma, used measurements from radio telescopes, including Japan's VLBI (Very Long Baseline Interferometry) Exploration of Radio Astrometry or VERA device, to determine that the distance from the sun to the center...

2012-10-04 14:44:37

The winners of a contest that encourages scientists and students across the globe to explore fundamental, big questions in astronomy and cosmology will present their proposals and essays in a joint conference Oct. 12-13 at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia. The New Frontiers in Astronomy & Cosmology International Grant and Essay Competition, led by Donald G. York, the Horace B. Horton Professor in Astronomy & Astrophysics at the University of Chicago, will award more than $4...

“New Frontiers” Award For Work On “Origami Universe” Received By JHU Cosmologists
2012-10-04 14:36:08

Two Johns Hopkins University research scientists who use the Japanese art of paper folding, known as origami, as a metaphor for understanding the complexity of the cosmos have been named winners of an award through the “New Frontiers in Astronomy & Cosmology International Grant and Essay Writing Competition,” funded by the John Templeton Foundation. Mark Neyrinck and Miguel Aragón-Calvo, both of the Henry A. Rowland Department of Physics and Astronomy at the...

Latest Physical cosmology Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-08 16:02:39

As of 2009, JKCS 041 is a group of galaxies with the distinction of being the farthest away group from Earth ever observed. Seen at redshift 1.9, it is estimated to be 10.2 billion light years away. The cluster is located within the constellation Cetus at a photometrically determined redshift of z=1.9 at right ascension 2h 26m 44s declination -04° 41"² 37"³ (J2000.0).

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Sample Entry: Astronomy is the scientific study of stars, planets, comets, galaxies, and other phenomena that occur outside Earth's atmosphere (e.g. cosmic radiation). Astronomy deals with the evolution, physics, chemical makeup, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, and also the formation of the universe. The word Astronomy comes from the Greek words astron (meaning "star") and nomos (meaning "law"). Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Since the dawn of man, people always...

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Word of the Day
  • The call or cry of a bird or other animal to its mate or its young.
'Call-note' is newer than 'bird-call,' which originally referred to 'an instrument for imitating the note of birds' but now also refers to 'the song or cry of a bird.'