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Latest Physical cosmology Stories

Spotting Distant Galaxy Clusters With WISE
2012-12-07 05:33:49

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As grand and colorful as it is, our solar system is a fleck in the grander cosmos. Our Milky Way galaxy has hundreds of billions of solar systems, yet it is only just a drop in the sea of galaxies. Galaxy clusters, the rarest and largest of galaxy groupings, can be the hardest to find, which is where NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) becomes helpful. So far, the mission's all-sky infrared maps have revealed one...

First Stars Born Short 750 Million Years After The Big Bang
2012-12-06 12:30:42

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The universe has had traces of heavy elements such as carbon and oxygen as far back in time as astronomers have been able to see. Elements such as these were originally churned from the explosion of massive stars. They formed the building blocks for planetary bodies, and eventually for life on Earth. Peering back far in time, a research team from MIT, Caltech, and the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) found matter...

Big Boost To BigBOSS Givin By The Gordon And Betty Moore Foundation
2012-12-04 16:13:07

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory $2.1 Million Grant to Berkeley Center for Cosmological Physics advances dark energy research at UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab A $2.1 million grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to the University of California at Berkeley, through the Berkeley Center for Cosmological Physics (BCCP), will fund the development of revolutionary technologies for BigBOSS, a project now in the proposal stage designed to study dark energy with unprecedented...

Astronomers Take Starburst Galaxy Census
2012-12-04 13:02:44

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have taken a census of hundreds of previously unseen starburst galaxies, revealing high star-formation rates across the Universe. The team used the European Space Agency's Herschel space observatory and ground-based W. M. Keck Observatory to make the observation. Starburst galaxies give birth to hundreds of solar masses' worth of stars every year, while galaxies like our Milky Way produce only one Sun-like star per year....

Hubble Sets Dark Matter Record Straight
2012-11-29 19:24:08

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new observation of Abell 520 using the Hubble Space Telescope has helped astronomers determine that the core of the galaxy cluster is not over-dense in dark matter after all. Astronomers earlier this year spotted an overabundance of dark matter in the heart of the galaxy cluster. This observation was puzzling because dark matter and galaxies should be anchored together. Scientists have evidence that dark matter is...

Scientists Offer New Insights Into Early Universe
2012-11-29 15:54:22

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Penn State University scientists using techniques from modern physics have developed a new understanding of the earliest eras in the history of the universe. The scientists now have an extended analyses that include quantum physics farther back in time than ever before, heading back to the very beginning. The new paradigm of loop quantum origins show that the large-scale structures we see in the universe evolved from...

Galaxy Clusters Offer Insight On Dark Matter
2012-11-21 09:56:07

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Dark Energy is one of the major puzzles of modern astronomy, and one tool that astronomers use to understand this force is encoded in the distribution of clusters of galaxies. A new study by a team of astronomers, led by Dr. Jeeseon Song at the University of Michigan, has yielded exquisitely precise distances of a large sample of clusters. These precise distances may lead to breakthroughs in understanding the expansion history of our...

Hot Gas Bridging Galaxy Cluster Pair Spotted By Plank
2012-11-20 10:46:32

ESA ESA´s Planck space telescope has made the first conclusive detection of a bridge of hot gas connecting a pair of galaxy clusters across 10 million light-years of intergalactic space. Planck´s primary task is to capture the most ancient light of the cosmos, the Cosmic Microwave Background, or CMB. As this faint light traverses the Universe, it encounters different types of structure including galaxies and galaxy clusters — assemblies of hundreds to thousands of...


Latest Physical cosmology Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

67_4ae26d06e7989cbc4cd9f57abd6295f5
2010-09-08 16:02:39

As of 2009, JKCS 041 is a group of galaxies with the distinction of being the farthest away group from Earth ever observed. Seen at redshift 1.9, it is estimated to be 10.2 billion light years away. The cluster is located within the constellation Cetus at a photometrically determined redshift of z=1.9 at right ascension 2h 26m 44s declination -04° 41"² 37"³ (J2000.0).

45_b90d45a4e7d89d873d39705549e516ce
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Sample Entry: Astronomy is the scientific study of stars, planets, comets, galaxies, and other phenomena that occur outside Earth's atmosphere (e.g. cosmic radiation). Astronomy deals with the evolution, physics, chemical makeup, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, and also the formation of the universe. The word Astronomy comes from the Greek words astron (meaning "star") and nomos (meaning "law"). Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Since the dawn of man, people always...

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Word of the Day
omphalos
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.
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