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Latest Physical cosmology Stories

The Hubble Space Telescope IV Conference Celebrates With Unveiling Of New Artwork
2014-03-27 08:47:33

HUBBLE Last week researchers from around the world gathered at the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome for the Science with the Hubble Space Telescope IV conference. The event celebrated the history of Hubble’s extraordinary achievements, and looked to the future at what might yet be achieved and how the James Webb Space Telescope will build on our knowledge of the Universe. As part of this celebration artist Tim Otto Roth revealed a new artwork, Heaven’s Carousel, inspired by Hubble’s work...

Astronomers Discover The Earliest Echoes Of The Big Bang
2014-03-17 13:23:58

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers publishing a paper in the journal Nature say they have found the first direct evidence that gravitational waves rippled through the early Universe during the inflation period. Scientists using the NASA-developed detector technology on the BICEP2 telescope at the South Pole found the strongest confirmation yet of cosmic inflation theories, which say the universe expanded by 100 trillion trillion times in less than the blink...

2014-03-07 08:20:25

MONTREAL , March 7, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- According to the Pantheory Research Organization, a new study of type 1a supernova data has concluded, for the first time, that dark energy probably does not exist. The paper is entitled "An Alternative Universe-Scale Analytic Metrology and Related Cosmological Model." The paper was published in the February 2014 issue of the journal of Applied Physics Research, by the Canadian Center of Science and Education. This new research study...

A Wide Range Of Masses Observed In Type Ia Supernovae
2014-03-04 13:06:14

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers, publishing a paper in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, show how Type Ia supernovae have a range of masses. Scientists have been confident in knowing why Type Ia supernovae are all so much alike. Most of them assumed that carbon-oxygen white dwarf stars capture additional mass by stripping it from a companion star or by merging with another white dwarf. Scientists assumed this class of supernova were...

Blood And Guts Spilled By Spiral Galaxy
2014-03-04 12:07:09

[ Watch The Video: Zooming in on ESO 137-001 ] ESA/Hubble This new Hubble image shows ESO 137-001, a galaxy located in the southern constellation of Triangulum Australe (The Southern Triangle) — a delicate and beautiful spiral galaxy, but with a secret. This image not only captures the galaxy and its backdrop in stunning detail, but also something more dramatic — intense blue streaks streaming outwards from the galaxy, seen shining brightly in ultraviolet light. These...

2014-02-18 12:36:25

WASHINGTON, Feb. 18, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Using the sharp-eyed NASA Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have for the first time precisely measured the rotation rate of a galaxy based on the clock-like movement of its stars. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) According to their analysis, the central part of the neighboring galaxy, called the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), completes a rotation every 250 million years. It takes our sun the same...

Distant Galaxy Clusters Located By ESA Spacecraft
2014-02-12 13:04:23

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using a novel way of combining data from the two European Space Agency (ESA) satellites Planck and Herschel, an international team of scientists has been able to locate more distant galaxy clusters than previously possible. According to the team’s report in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, they were able to use their new technique to discover four previously unknown galaxy clusters containing thousands of...

Massive Neutrinos Help Solve A Cosmological Conundrum
2014-02-10 09:36:04

University of Manchester Scientists have solved a major problem with the current standard model of cosmology identified by combining results from the Planck spacecraft and measurements of gravitational lensing in order to deduce the mass of ghostly sub-atomic particles called neutrinos. The team, from the universities of Manchester and Nottingham, used observations of the Big Bang and the curvature of space-time to accurately measure the mass of these elementary particles for the first...

Frontier Fields Project Locates One Of The Most Distant Galaxies Ever
2014-02-08 08:28:08

[ Watch the Video: Abell2744 Y1 Is The Most Distant Galaxy Discovered ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online By analyzing data collected by the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes, an international team of astronomers have discovered what could be one of the most distant galaxies ever discovered, existing at a time when the universe was no more than approximately 650 million years old. The galaxy, which is known as Abell2744 Y1, is roughly 30 times smaller than...

Using Simulations To Chart The Forces Of The Early Universe
2014-02-06 10:13:28

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most scientific calculations need a reference point to be completed, but what if the calculations are for the beginning of the Universe – where points of reference are somewhat ephemeral? In a new study, published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, researchers from The University of Texas at Austin tried to do just that – conduct numerical simulations aimed at charting the forces of the Universe in its first...


Latest Physical cosmology Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_d4a20fda769b165e44826492e9e54549
2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

67_4ae26d06e7989cbc4cd9f57abd6295f5
2010-09-08 16:02:39

As of 2009, JKCS 041 is a group of galaxies with the distinction of being the farthest away group from Earth ever observed. Seen at redshift 1.9, it is estimated to be 10.2 billion light years away. The cluster is located within the constellation Cetus at a photometrically determined redshift of z=1.9 at right ascension 2h 26m 44s declination -04° 41"² 37"³ (J2000.0).

45_b90d45a4e7d89d873d39705549e516ce
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Sample Entry: Astronomy is the scientific study of stars, planets, comets, galaxies, and other phenomena that occur outside Earth's atmosphere (e.g. cosmic radiation). Astronomy deals with the evolution, physics, chemical makeup, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, and also the formation of the universe. The word Astronomy comes from the Greek words astron (meaning "star") and nomos (meaning "law"). Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Since the dawn of man, people always...

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'