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Latest Physical oceanography Stories

Century Old Data Helps Study Climate Change
2013-05-28 15:27:51

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Ocean data collected over 135 years ago by the crew of the HMS Challenger oceanographic expedition has helped confirm global warming. Researchers from NASA and the University of Tasmania used the data to provide further confirmation that humans have played a part in today's changing global climate. The team combined the ship's measurements of ocean temperatures with modern observations from the international Argo array of ocean...

El Nino Has A New Rhythm
2013-05-27 04:59:39

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Climate experts from the University of Hawai'i at Manoa Meteorology Department and International Pacific Research Center have reportedly discovered why the weather phenomenon known as El Nino typically peaks around Christmas and ends sometime between the months of February and April. As it turns out according to researchers, "An unusual wind pattern that straddles the equatorial Pacific during strong El Nino events and swings back...

2013-05-23 11:29:18

Alaska´s melting glaciers remain one of the largest contributors to the world´s rising sea levels, say two University of Alaska Fairbanks geophysicists. UAF Geophysical Institute researchers Anthony Arendt and Regine Hock joined 14 scientists from 10 countries who combined data from field measurements and satellites to get the most complete global picture to date of glacier mass losses and their contribution to rising sea levels. “Sea level change is a pressing societal...

Volcanoes Responsible For Coral Reef Diversity
2013-05-22 10:25:08

Michael Harper for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new study claims earthquakes and volcanoes are responsible for the diverse nature of the ocean´s coral reefs. With this information, scientists are now becoming even more worried about global warming. If these monumental geological events play a role in coral creation, it may be even more difficult to replace any reef lost to climate change and rising sea temperatures. This study, conducted by scientists from the ARC...

2013-05-17 10:59:24

Researchers have shown that, by using global positioning systems (GPS) to measure ground deformation caused by a large underwater earthquake, they can provide accurate warning of the resulting tsunami in just a few minutes after the earthquake onset. For the devastating Japan 2011 event, the team reveals that the analysis of the GPS data and issue of a detailed tsunami alert would have taken no more than three minutes. The results are published on 17 May in Natural Hazards and Earth System...

Melting Glaciers Contributing Significantly To Sea Rise
2013-05-17 09:49:29

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have known for some time that melting glaciers are contributing to the global sea-level rise. However, the amount being contributed by each region of the planet has never before been calculated with the accuracy of a new study led by researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder and Clark University. Ninety-nine percent of Earth´s land ice is locked up in the Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets. The study,...

Forecasting Winter Weather Using Airflow
2013-05-15 18:41:51

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers writing in the Royal Meteorological Society publication Weather said forecasting winter weather over Europe has become more difficult over the years. A team at the National Oceanography Center uncovered the relationship between winter weather and the strength of the airflow coming in from the Atlantic, saying it is stronger in some years than others. This airflow is one of the factors used by meteorologists to...

New Study On Coral Reef Formations Lays To Rest Conflicting Theories
2013-05-14 07:53:01

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the South Pacific, three types of coral reef island formations have fascinated geologists for ages. The coral of Tahiti forms a “fringing” reef, with a shelf growing close to the island´s shore. In Bora Bora, the “barrier” reefs are separated from the main island by a calm lagoon. Manuae represents the last type, an “atoll,” which appears as a ring of coral enclosing a lagoon with no island at...

Iceberg Production Modeled For Greenland Glaciers
2013-05-09 05:59:32

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Climate change impacts on the surface of the Greenland Ice Sheet have been widely studied. An understanding, however, of the key processes in iceberg production has eluded researchers for a long time. A new study, led by the Universite Libre de Bruxelles, presents a sophisticated computer model that provides fresh insight into the impact of climate change on the production of icebergs by Greenland glaciers. The model also demonstrates...


Latest Physical oceanography Reference Libraries

Coral Reef
2013-04-20 15:49:21

Coral reefs are submerged structures consisting of calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of small animals found in marine waters that enclose few nutrients. The majority of coral reefs are constructed from stony corals, which then consist of polyps that come together in groups. The polyps are like small sea anemones, to which they are very closely related. Unlike the sea anemones, coral polyps secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons which provide support and protections...

Current Sea Level Rise
2013-04-01 10:39:21

The sea levels all around the world are rising. Current sea-level rise has the potential to affect human populations and the natural environment. Two key factors have contributed to the observed sea level rise. The first is thermal expansion: as the ocean water warms, it expands. The second is from the influence of land-based ice because of increased melting. The major store of water on land is found in the glaciers and the ice sheets. The rising of sea levels is one of several lines of...

Basic Ocean Terms
2013-02-05 12:52:11

Image Credit: Meteorologist Joshua Kelly When meteorologists are forecasting for ocean-going vessels, there are a few terms that we need to understand. The first term is wavelength. Wavelength is defined as the distance between two crests or between two troughs as seen in the image above. The example above highlights the crest to crest concept of wavelength. The next term that we use is wave height, and to determine this, we first must look at the wave when it passes our station. When...

Climate Impact On Your Budget For Billings Montana
2012-12-29 12:40:14

If you live in or around Billings, Montana the above graph shows you what you can roughly expect when it comes to heating and cooling your house during the ENSO Phases. In Billings during a normal phase of the ENSO your heating degree days pass 900HDD. However, when El-Nino phase is present the monthly average dropped to around 650.5HDD, which is a pretty significant amount especially when you are talking about paying that heating bill. When the La-Nina phase sets up the heating degree...

Climate Impact On Your Budget For Bismarck, North Dakota
2012-09-18 13:29:03

If you live in or around Bismarck North Dakota the graph shows you what you can roughly expect when it comes to heating and cooling your house during the ENSO Phases. Bismarck North Dakota, with its northern latitude, does have an impact on what type of heating and cooling it sees. During an Normal Phase the HDD for the region hits about 1348 on average. When the region enters into an El-Nino they can expect the amount of HDD’s to decrease to around 970 which really helps cut down on the...

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Word of the Day
penuche
  • A fudgelike confection of brown sugar, cream or milk, and chopped nuts.
'Penuche' is a variant of 'panocha,' a coarse grade of sugar made in Mexico. 'Panocha' probably comes from the Spanish 'panoja, panocha,' ear of grain.
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