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Latest Physical quantities Stories

Magnetic Fields Can Send Particles To Infinity
2012-04-17 13:34:38

Researchers from the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM, Spain) have mathematically shown that particles charged in a magnetic field can escape into infinity without ever stopping. One of the conditions is that the field is generated by current loops situated on the same plane. At the moment this is a theoretical mathematical study, but two researchers from UCM have recently proved that, in certain conditions, magnetic fields can send particles to infinity, according to the study...

2012-03-07 15:56:19

Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin developed a magnetic valve that novel electronic devices can be realistic In close collaboration with colleagues from Bochum and the Netherlands, researchers from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) have developed a novel, extremely-thin structure made of various magnetic materials. It is suitable as a kind of magnetic valve for data-storage units of the most recent generation and makes use of effects in the context of so-called spintronics, with which, in addition...

Saving Data In Vortex Structures
2012-02-22 05:07:17

New physical phenomenon could drastically reduce energy consumption by computers Three years ago Professor Christian Pfleiderer and his team from the physics department at the TUM discovered an entirely new magnetic structure in a silicon manganese crystal — a grid of magnetic eddies. Together with the team of Professor Achim Rosch from the University of Cologne, he studied the properties of these eddies, so-called skyrmions, named after the British physicist Tony Skyrme, who...

2012-02-07 21:17:02

An international team of scientists has demonstrated a revolutionary new way of magnetic recording which will allow information to be processed hundreds of times faster than by current hard drive technology. The researchers found they could record information using only heat - a previously unimaginable scenario. They believe this discovery will not only make future magnetic recording devices faster, but more energy-efficient too. The results of the research, which was led by the...

SDO Helps Measure Magnetic Fields On The Sun's Surface
2012-01-19 13:34:38

[ Watch the Video ] A subset of data that helps map out the sun's magnetic fields was recently released from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). Observations that measure the strength and direction of magnetic fields on the solar surface -- known as vector magnetograms -- play a crucial role in understanding how those fields change over time and trigger giant eruptions off the surface of the sun such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). Collecting the information needed...

2011-12-20 18:17:31

Size matters“¦ but apparently so does shape — when it comes to conducting heat in very small spaces. Researchers looking at the thermal conductivity of boron nanoribbons have found that they have unusual heat-transfer properties when compared to other wire/tube-like nanomaterials. While past experiments have shown that bundles of non-metallic nanostructures are less effective in conducting heat energy than single nanostructures, a new study shows that bundling boron...

2011-11-07 17:01:09

Caltech Engineers Reveal How Scandium Trifluoride Contracts with Heat They shrink when you heat 'em. Most materials expand when heated, but a few contract. Now engineers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have figured out how one of these curious materials, scandium trifluoride (ScF3), does the trick–a finding, they say, that will lead to a deeper understanding of all kinds of materials. The researchers, led by graduate student Chen Li, published their results in...

2011-09-22 05:18:00

ST. LOUIS, Sept. 22, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Five-foot-five Laura Marcusse weighs 117 pounds and needs to get down to 105 before her next mixed martial arts match. For the next twenty-eight days she will consume an average 1,057 calories and burn 2,267. It's a respectable training program for a highly trained combatant, but hardly a dietary regimen for mere mortals. She wears a BodyMedia FIT Armband to monitor her energy intake and expenditure every minute of the day. While driving to the...

2011-09-20 12:54:47

PTB scientists determine a new value of the Boltzmann constant - The international community of scientists wants to redefine all base units with the aid of fundamental constants Metrologists are measurement artists who are very precise - in the case of the Boltzmann constant up to the sixth decimal place. Whoever is able to determine it very exactly will cause a small revolution in the field of worldwide temperature measurement: The temperature unit will then no longer be based - as...

2011-09-12 13:14:05

Rotating magnetic moments: Applied Physics Letters reports Bochum's physicists led by Prof. Dr. Hartmut Zabel have demonstrated the spin pumping effect in magnetic layers for the first time experimentally. The behavior of the spin pumping had previously only been predicted theoretically. The research team at the RUB has now succeeded in measuring the effect using ultrafast X-ray scattering with picosecond resolution. Through their rotation of the magnetic moments, the so-called magnetic...