Physics Reference Libraries

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Nuclear Fallout
2013-04-01 10:26:30

Nuclear fallout, or just simply fallout, known also as Black Rain, is the residual radioactive material that is propelled into the upper atmosphere after a nuclear black or a nuclear reaction that is conducted in an unshielded facility. It is so called because it "fall out" of the sky after the explosion and the shock wave have passed. It most commonly refers to the radioactive dust and ash...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as...

Basic Ocean Terms
2013-02-05 12:52:11

Image Credit: Meteorologist Joshua Kelly When meteorologists are forecasting for ocean-going vessels, there are a few terms that we need to understand. The first term is wavelength. Wavelength is defined as the distance between two crests or between two troughs as seen in the image above. The example above highlights the crest to crest concept of wavelength. The next term that we use is...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is...

Nature Photonics
2012-09-24 08:13:04

Nature Photonics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 2007 and published monthly by the Nature Publishing Group. As with other Nature journals, this periodical has no external Editorial Board with editorial decisions made by a fully-functioning in-house team. The journal covers research related to optoelectronics, laser science, imaging, communications, and other aspects of...

Incoming Solar Radiation Impacts By Various Weather Cycles
2012-08-22 13:30:39

The above image looks at the month of March for the three cycles known as Normal Phase, El-Nino, and La-Nina. The data was recorded for the city of Honolulu Hawaii, during the month of March. Remember this is just data for one month during these cycles. Normal: During this cycle incoming solar activity was upwards to 48% efficient for the month, producing less than 50% of the month which is...

La-Nina of 2012 Impacts on Honolulu Hawaii
2012-07-19 19:06:01

Honolulu, located in the Pacific Ocean, has a mostly marine time climate and has a pretty consistent temperature average from month to month. This is a look at the La-Nina impacts on the local area. January 2012: For the month of January it is typical to see average high temps in the 80’s while overnight lows drop into the 70’s. During the La-Nina event January temps were normal 71%...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was...

Applied Physics B
2012-05-29 11:25:33

Applied Physics B: Lasers & Optics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer. It is a continuation of Applied Physics, which ran from January 1973 to August 1981, and Applied Physics B: Photophysics and Laser Chemistry, which ran from September 1981 to December 1993. As of May 2012, the editor-in-chief is Frank Trager (University of Kassel). Journal topics include laser...

Word of the Day
  • A person in a secondary role, specifically the second most important character (after the protagonist).
The word 'deuteragonist' comes from a Greek word meaning 'an actor of second-class parts'.