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Latest Picornaviruses Stories

8e5db9df7d273f6529a0646aaf52962e
2008-05-05 11:55:00

The number of children sickened with hand, foot and mouth disease in China jumped to over 9,700 cases on Monday. The Official Xinhua News Agency said that enterovirus 71, one of several viruses that cause the disease, has been blamed for at least 24 deaths in the central province of Anhui and Guangdong province in the south. One child in Guangdong and another in Zhejiang also died of hand, foot and mouth disease but they're not sure which strain of virus killed them. Infections of 8,573...

3af7e52cc639a7c0de46170ab553f36b1
2008-04-12 00:05:00

The Bush Administration is likely to move its research on foot-and-mouth virus from an isolated lab in the Long Island Sound to the U.S. mainland near herds of livestock, prompting concerns about a catastrophic outbreak. The existing lab is 100 miles northeast of New York City and accessible only by ferry or helicopter. Researchers there who work with the live virus are not permitted to own animals at home that would be susceptible. The new site could be selected later this year, and the lab...

2008-02-13 03:00:15

By Wong, Kum Thong Munisamy, Badmanathan; Ong, Kien Chai; Kojima, Hideaki; Noriyo, Nagata; Chua, Kaw Bing; Ong, Beng Beng; Nagashima, Kazuo Abstract Previous neuropathologic studies of Enterovirus 71 encephalomyelitis have not investigated the anatomic distribution of inflammation and viral localization in the central nervous system (CNS) in detail. We analyzed CNS and non-CNS tissues from 7 autopsy cases from Malaysia and found CNS inflammation patterns to be distinct and stereotyped....

a4c6637f02c2799986be749d81953b9a
2008-02-04 14:25:00

Scientists at London's Imperial College have created a genetically engineered mouse that is nonresistant to the virus causing most colds, opening the door for extensive research into finding a cure for coughs, sneezes and even more serious conditions such as asthma. The virus had previously only infected humans and chimpanzees, but scientists say that this breakthrough could potentially expedite the discovery of a cure, according to AFP.Professor Sebastian Johnston led the research which was...

2006-10-22 03:00:25

By Ottoson, J; Hansen, A; Westrell, T; Johansen, K; Et al ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate variation in the occurrence and removal of enteroviruses, noroviruses, Giardia cysts, Cryptosporidium oocysts, and the most commonly used fecal indicators in four Swedish secondary wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Paired samples were taken from the inlet and outlet of each WWTP. (Oo)cysts and indicators were enumerated with standard methods and viruses with a reverse...

2006-08-21 19:41:20

BEIJING (Reuters) - China has reported a new outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in cattle in the western province of Qinghai, but it has already been contained, a state newspaper said on Tuesday. The outbreak in Huangzhong county, which was confirmed last week, resulted in the slaughter of 50 cattle, the Beijing News said, citing an Agriculture Ministry notice. There have been at least three other outbreaks in Qinghai since July. Foot-and-mouth disease does not affect humans and...

2006-03-28 19:55:35

SINGAPORE (Reuters) - The number of cases of children with hand, foot and mouth disease in Singapore more than doubled to 785 last week, up from 372 the week before, the Straits Times newspaper reported on Wednesday. Two more childcare centers have been forced to shut down for 10 days, bringing the number of such closures in the city-state to three, the paper said. Singapore has recorded 2,180 cases of the disease since the start of the year. It mainly affects children under the age...

2006-03-07 19:25:00

SAO PAULO, Brazil (Reuters) - Brazil's southern farming state of Parana said it will begin culling cattle on Wednesday in areas infected with foot and mouth disease, over four months after the first outbreak was suspected in the state. Since the announcement of the disease on October 10 in the main cattle state of Mato Grosso do Sul, 55 countries have partially or entirely banned meat imports from Brazil. The slaughter will begin with 143 animals on a ranch in the municipality of Maringa,...

2006-03-03 08:08:13

KUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) - Malaysia has ordered the closure of nearly 500 kindergarten schools on the island of Borneo after four children died of the hand, foot and mouth viral disease, official news agency Bernama said on Friday. Sarawak, one of the two eastern Malaysian states on Borneo, has reported four deaths from the disease, the agency said. Health officials have called for 488 schools to be shut for two weeks in an effort to contain the spread of the disease, Health Minister...

2005-12-30 22:41:00

SHANGHAI (Reuters) - An outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease forced the killing of 91 cattle in northeastern China this week, the official Xinhua News Agency said. Foot-and-mouth disease causes severe weight loss in cloven-hoofed animals. It does not affect humans and outbreaks are relatively easy to control, but can have serious economic impact on the livestock industry. Cattle on a farm in Shandong province developed symptoms this month. The culling commenced on December 29 after...


Latest Picornaviruses Reference Libraries

45_cbb742ff010fcfbfac5b5b73fd2e0254
2011-02-23 17:23:51

Poliovirus, the causative agent of poliomyelitis and a member of the family of Picornaviridae, is a human enterovirus. It is composed of an RNA genome that is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA. It was first isolate in 1909 and was published in 1981. It is one of the most well characterized viruses and has become a useful model system for understanding the biology of RNA viruses. It infects human cells by binding to an immunoglobulin-like receptor on the cell surface. The three...

69_3e2a06a821d939ffdc2eab851bee21e9
2011-01-24 12:50:52

Hepatitis A, caused by hepatitis A virus, is an acute infectious disease of the liver that is transmitted person to person by ingestion of contaminated food or water or through direct contact with an infectious person. Millions of people are believed to become infected with HAV every year. The incubation period is two to six weeks and on average is 28 days. In less developed countries the HAV is usually contracted in early childhood. Clean water helps to decrease contraction of HAV. In 90%...

69_4d4f0262395c820ee8c505456f4ca4d4
2011-01-12 16:40:04

Foot-and-mouth disease, FMD, is sometimes fatal and is highly contagious for cloven-hoofed animals. Along with hooved animals hedgehogs and elephants are susceptible to the disease as well. Llama and alpaca can develop mild symptoms but are resistant to the disease and don't pass it to other species. Mice, rats, and chickens have been infected artificially in a lab but it is not believed they can contract the disease under natural conditions. Humans can spread the disease by carrying the...

0_d42a67c9e67a58fec0ffaab2b08808b2
2011-01-11 14:10:55

Human rhinoviruses are the most common viral ineffective agents in humans and are the cause of the common cold. The infection proliferates between 33-35 °C causing most reproduction to occur in the nose. It is a species in the genus Enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family of viruses. There are 99 recognized types of Human Rhinoviruses that are differentiated by their surface proteins. They are amongst the smallest viruses and lytic in nature. They travel via aerosols of respiratory...

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Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'