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Latest Picower Institute for Learning and Memory Stories

Schizophrenia Linked To Abnormal Brain Network
2013-10-16 16:23:29

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Individuals suffering with schizophrenia are subject to a whole host of disturbing, life-changing symptoms. They can range from disorganized thinking and an inability to plan for the future to full-on hallucinations and paranoid delusions. Through treatment with psychiatric therapy and medication can be effective for some, the psychiatric disease has largely remained a medical mystery. However, researchers at the RIKEN-MIT Center...

PTSD Treatment Hope From Memory Loss Gene
2013-09-19 04:11:00

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The discovery of a gene partially responsible for the loss of old memories could benefit people suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by making it easier to replace fear-inducing recollections with more positive associations, researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) claim in a new study. The gene, which is known as Tet1, appears to control a small group of genes that control the phenomenon...

2011-11-17 10:57:59

Significant progress has been made in understanding the genetic risk factors underlying psychiatric disease. Recent studies have identified common genetic mutations conferring modest risk and rare variants comprising significant risk. One example of a rare cause of psychiatric disorders is the Disrupted in Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) gene, first identified in a large Scottish pedigree displaying schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression. Common variants in DISC1 have been associated with...

2010-12-23 02:15:23

MIT neuroscientists shed light on how past experiences subconsciously influence behavior Researchers at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory report for the first time how animals' knowledge obtained through past experiences can subconsciously influence their behavior in new situations. The work, which sheds light on how our past experiences inform our future choices, will be reported on Dec. 22 in an advance online publication of Nature. Previous work has shown that when a mouse...

2010-03-09 08:00:00

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., March 9 /PRNewswire/ -- Researchers at MIT are eagerly anticipating the summer delivery of Elekta Neuromag®, a system that uses magnetoencephalography or MEG to explore brain function. MEG can detect the very weak magnetic fields arising from electrical activity in the brain, and allows researchers to monitor the timing of brain activity with millisecond precision. MIT researchers will use MEG to study normal cognition in children and adults, as well as...

2009-08-26 13:45:00

Researchers at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory have found that rats use a mental instant replay of their actions to help them decide what to do next, shedding new light on how animals and humans learn and remember.The work will appear in the Aug. 27 issue of the journal Neuron."By understanding how thoughts and memories are structured, we can gain insight into how they might be disrupted in diseases and disorders of memory and thought such as Alzheimer's and schizophrenia,"...

2009-08-12 12:19:06

You're meeting a friend in a crowded cafeteria. Do your eyes scan the room like a roving spotlight, moving from face to face, or do you take in the whole scene, hoping that your friend's face will pop out at you? And what, for that matter, determines how fast you can scan the room?Researchers at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory say you are more likely to scan the room, jumping from face to face as you search for your friend. In addition, the timing of these jumps appears to be...

2009-07-31 00:42:58

Some say there is something to learn from every failure, but people learn more from successes than failures, U.S. researchers suggest. Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory said brain cells may only learn from experience when animals do something right and not when animals fail. Earl K. Miller and colleagues Mark Histed and Anitha Pasupathy created a unique snapshot of the learning process that shows how single cells change their...


Word of the Day
cacodemon
  • An evil spirit; a devil.
  • A nightmare.
  • In astrology, the twelfth house of a scheme or figure of the heavens: so called from its signifying dreadful things, such as secret enemies, great losses, imprisonment, etc.
'Cacodemon' comes from a Greek term meaning 'evil genius.'
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