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Pinnipeds Reference Libraries

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Baikal Seal Pusa sibirica
2013-05-01 12:55:55

The Baikal seal (Pusa sibirica), also known as the nerpa or the Lake Baikal seal, is a true seal in the Phocidae family that is native to Lake Baikal located in Siberia. This species is one of three seals that reside solely in fresh water areas. It is not known exactly how these seals came to inhabit such an isolated area, but some experts assert that a sea-passage was formed that linked the...

Steller Sea Lion Eumetopias jubatus
2012-11-01 07:34:19

The Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) is a species that can be found in the northern Pacific. It is also known as Steller's sea lion or the northern sea lion and is the only member of its genus, Eumetopias. Its range stretches from Gulf of Alaska to the Sea of Okhotsk and the Kuril Islands in Russia. Its southern range includes Año Nuevo Island near California. Although it once bred as far...

Leopard Seal
2007-08-10 17:31:37

The Leopard Seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), belongs to the seal family Phocidae. It is the only species in its genus. Leopard Seals are the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after Southern Elephant Seals), and are near the top of the Antarctic food chain. Orcas are the only natural predators of Leopard Seals. They can live twenty-six years, possibly more. Leopard seals are large...

South American Fur Seal
2007-02-13 23:51:54

The South American fur seal (Arctocephalus australis) is a species of fur seal that breeds on the coasts of Chile and Argentina. The total population is around 250,000. The population of South American fur seals in 1999 was estimated at 390,000, a drop from a 1987 estimation of 500,000. Although overall species numbers are healthy, the downward trend is causing some concern. Uruguay has the...

New Zealand Fur Seal
2007-02-13 23:36:11

The New Zealand fur seal or Southern fur seal (kokono in the Māori language), Arctocephalus fosteri, is a species of fur seal found around the south coast of Australia. It is also found on the coast of the South Island of New Zealand, and some of the small islands to the south and east of there. Male-only colonies are also located on the Cook Strait coast of the North Island near...

Cape Fur Seal
2007-02-13 23:33:00

The Cape fur seal (also known as the South African Fur Seal) and the Australian fur seal are two subspecies of the Arctocephalus pusillus species of fur seal. The Cape fur seal (A. p. pusillus) is found along the coast of Namibia and along the west coast of South Africa. The Australian fur seal (A. p. doriferus) breeds on nine islands in the Bass Strait between Tasmania and Victoria. The...

Northern Fur Seal
2007-02-13 15:45:12

The Northern Fur Seal, Callorhinus ursinus, is an eared seal. It is the only species in the genus Callorhinus. It is found in the North Pacific Ocean. Physical description and behavior The Northern Fur Seal has substantial physical differences compared to its cousins. Its head is smaller, snout shorter and the hind flippers are proportionately largest of any eared seal. The "fingers" on...

Australian Sea Lion
2007-02-13 15:40:43

The Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) is a species of sea lion that breeds only on the south coast of Australia. Today there are about 12,000 Australian Sea Lions following the introduction of the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Act of 1972. The Australian Sea Lion inhabits the ocean around Australia, and nowhere else. They only eat at sea. They hunt fish, squid, and other sea...

South American Sea Lion
2007-02-13 15:36:59

The South American Sea Lion or Southern Sea Lion (Otaria flavescens, previously Otaria bryonia) is a sea lion found on the Chilean, Peruvian, Uruguayan and Argentine coasts. They are perhaps the typical sea lion in appearance. They have a very large head with an upturned snout. Both males and females are orange-colored. The manes on males are lighter than females, and female fur on the head...

California Sea Lion
2007-02-13 15:34:25

The California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus) is a coastal sea lion of the northern Pacific Ocean. Males grow to 600 lb (300 kg) and 8 ft (2.4 m) long. The females are significantly smaller they are about 200 lb (100 kg) and 6.5 ft (2 m) long. The California Sea Lion has a streamlined body that contains a layer of blubber under the skin to provide warmth and buoyancy. Their large eyes...

Word of the Day
tourtiere
  • a meat pie that is usually eaten at Christmas in Quebec
The word 'tourtiere' comes from the French tourte, or passenger pigeon.
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