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Last updated on April 23, 2014 at 21:24 EDT

Pinus Reference Libraries

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Hartwegs Pine Pinus hartwegii
2014-04-22 13:27:36

Hartweg’s pine (Pinus hartwegii) is found growing in the mountains of  Mexico and Central America east to Honduras. This tree was discovered and named in 1838 by Karl Hartweg. The Hartweg’s pine is related to the Pinus Montezuma species which has shorter needles, as well as smaller cones and grows at lower altitudes. The Hartweg Pine grows at altitudes of 8200-14100 feet above sea level...

Greggs Pine Pinus greggii
2014-04-22 13:05:16

Gregg’s pine (Pinus greggii) is native to eastern Mexico. The name is derived from a merchant, explorer, naturalist, and author of the American Southwest and Northern Mexico, Josiah Gregg (1806-1850). This pine is closely related to the Patula pine with the difference being in the length of the needles and the bark of the tree. The Gregg’s pine grows at altitudes between 4265 – 8530...

Gray Pine Pinus sabiniana
2014-04-22 11:07:33

Gray pine (Pinus sabiniana) is prevalent throughout California in the United States. The tree is also known as the Digger pine, California foothill pine, ghost pine, bull pine, and nut pine. The Gray pine grows from sea level to 4,000 feet above sea level. This pine likes 15-25 inches of rain per year and grows best in rocky, well-drained soils. This pine is a short pine growing to heights...

Coulter Pine Pinus coulteri
2014-04-22 10:39:35

Coulter pine (Pinus coulteri) is native to the coastal mountains of Southern California and northern Mexico. Rare, isolated stands of Coulter pine can be found in the San Francisco Bay Area. This tree is also known as the big cone pine and was named after an Irish botanist and physician, Thomas Coulter. The Coulter pine grows in sunny, dry, rocky soil at elevations of 600-7500 feet above sea...

Bishop Pine Pinus muricata
2014-04-18 10:20:50

Bishop pine (Pinus muricata) grows on or near the coast in California and Mexico; becoming endangered in Mexico. This tree also goes by the name of prickle cone pine, bull pine, Obispo pine, Santa Cruz pine and dwarf marine pine. This pine relies on the dense fog from the coast for its water supply as well as rainwater. This pine is also highly dependent on forest fires for future regeneration...

Arizona Pine Pinus arizonica
2014-04-18 10:05:00

Arizona pine (Pinus arizonica) is found in the United States in northern Mexico, southeast Arizona, southwest New Mexico, and western Texas. The Arizona pine closely resembles the Ponderosa Pine found growing in the Sierra Madre Occidental in Arizona south to Durango, CO. The Arizona pine grows in high elevations from 5906-8038 feet. It is a medium to tall pine growing to heights of 82-114.8...

Apache Pine Pinus engelmannii
2014-04-18 09:53:30

Apache pine (Pinus engelmannii) grows in the south west from northern Mexico to southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona. This pine is closely related to the Michoacan pine and the longleaf pine. The Apache pine grows on canyon slopes, ridges, and stream-side terraces at altitudes between 5000 and 9100 feet above sea level. The climate preferred by this tree is somewhat dry with...

Tenasserim Pine Pinus latteri
2014-04-18 08:32:01

Tenasserim pine (Pinus latteri) is an evergreen that is native to Mainland Southeast Asia. This tree grows in the mountains of southeastern Burma, northern Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam as well as on the island of Hainan in China. This tree was named after the Tenasserim Hills located between Myanmar and Thailand. The Tenasserim pine generally grows at altitudes of 1312-3281 feet...

Caribbean Pine Pinus caribaea
2014-04-18 08:11:48

Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) is native to Central America, Cuba, the Bahamas as well as the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Caribbean pine also grows in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Colombia, South Africa and China where they were introduced by foresters. This pine often forms pure stands but can be found growing mixed in with oaks and other pines as long as the soil is well drained...

Table Mountain Pine Pinus pungens
2014-04-18 07:52:15

Table mountain pine (Pinus pungens) is native to the Appalachian Mountains located in the United States. This pine also goes by the name of hickory pine, prickly pine, or mountain pine. The Table mountain pine grows best in dry conditions with soils that are made up of clay, loam, or sand, and is found scattered throughout the rocky slopes from Georgia to Pennsylvania. This pine grows best in...