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Latest Planetary systems Stories

Kappa Coronae Borealis
2013-04-10 05:00:44

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The European Space Agency's (ESA) Herschel space observatory has snapped images of a dust belt orbiting a subgiant star that hosts a planetary system. The space observatory's sensitive far-infrared detection helped astronomers resolve bright emission around Kappa Coronae Borealis, indicating the presence of a dusty debris disc. The star is a little heavier than our own Sun at 1.5 solar masses, is around 2.5 billion years old, and sits...

Exoplanet May Have Formed Through Core Accretion
2013-03-15 05:33:23

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of astronomers has made the most detailed examination to date of the atmosphere around a Jupiter-like exoplanet using the Keck Observatory, one of the two largest optical telescopes in the world. The young exoplanet, orbiting the star HR 8799, has water and carbon monoxide in its atmosphere. It does not, however, have methane, suggesting that a particular planet-forming mechanism, known as core accretion, brought...

Giants Like Jupiter May Have Formed In The Gas Disk Of Young Stars
2013-03-06 06:18:35

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research from Carnegie Institution for Science looks at how gas giants similar to Jupiter and Saturn formed and evolved. Using theoretical modeling, lead researcher Alan Boss provides clues that gas giants may form in the presence of gas disks that surround stars in their infancy. The work was recently published in the Astrophysical Journal. By observing young stars that are surrounded by gas disks, Boss demonstrated that...

Smallest Planet Ever Found By Kepler Scientists
2013-02-20 15:40:43

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Another new planetary system has been discovered by Kepler scientists, and this one happens to be home to the smallest planet ever discovered, circling around a star that is strikingly similar to our Sun. The Kepler-37 system sits about 210 light-years from Earth in the constellation Lyra. Only slightly larger than our moon, smaller than Mercury, and about a third the size of Earth, one of its planets is the smallest ever identified by...

protoplanetary disk around J 1604
2013-02-08 11:38:19

[ Listen to the Podcast: “How Planets Form” With Guest Dr. Eric Mamajek (Part 1): Your Universe Today Podcasts ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Subaru Telescope has helped astronomers capture the first vivid infrared image of a distant planet forming from a young star. Astronomers wrote in Astrophysical Journal Letters about an image of a curved arm of dust extending over a hole on a disk, which is a feature that could provide evidence that...

Super-Earths May Actually Be Mini-Neptunes
2013-02-04 19:14:15

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Finding planets outside of our own Solar System has become a bit of a hot topic in the scientific community, and the enthusiasm behind the discovery of "Earth-like" planets has been on the rise, but a new study suggests we may want to tone down our excitement a bit. A new study led by Dr. Helmut Lammer of the Space Research Institute (IWF) at the Austrian Academy of Sciences says that maybe these "Earth-like" planets may not be...

TW Hydrae Protoplanetary Disk Weighed With Unprecedented Accuracy
2013-01-30 13:26:09

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers recently reported in the journal Nature that they have determined the mass of the planetary nursery surrounding the star TW Hydrae with unprecedented accuracy. TW Hydrae lies roughly 176 light-years away from Earth and is one of the most frequently observed protoplanetary disks in space. The young star is surrounded with a disk of dense gas and dust, in which larger objects begin to turn into planets. Our Solar System...

NASA Finds New Asteroid Belt Discovered Orbiting Vega
2013-01-09 15:11:09

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A team of U.S. astronomers has discovered what looks to be a large asteroid belt orbiting around Vega, the second-brightest star in the northern sky, NASA officials announced on Tuesday. Using data obtained from the Spitzer Space Telescope and the European Space Agency's (ESA) Herschel Space Observatory, the researchers discovered infrared light emitted by warm and cold dust in bands around both Vega and Fomalhaut, a second...


Latest Planetary systems Reference Libraries

8_2c71772f2c3a31994d5208d4518632494
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Cosmogony -- Cosmogony is the study of the origins of celestial objects. It is most commonly used to refer to the study of the origin of the solar system. Currently, the most widely accepted theory is that the solar system was formed roughly 5 billion years ago with the collapse of a nebula of gas and dust, likely caused by shock waves generated by a nearby supernova. The solar system would have formed as a member of a star cluster, now long-since dispersed throughout the Milky Way over...

6_9e1c3aab8f24d964cf24588309b138472
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Solar Nebula -- In astronomy, the solar nebula is the gaseous cloud from which, in the so-called nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system, the Sun and planets formed by condensation. In 1755 the German philosopher Immanuel Kant suggested that a nebula in slow rotation, gradually pulled together by its own gravitational force and flattened into a spinning disk, gave birth to the Sun and planets. A similar model, but with the planets being formed before the Sun, was proposed...

6_f3ae28666ea2fe9e06e16221eea19d522
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Extrasolar Planet -- An extrasolar planet is a planet orbiting around a star other than the Sun. Extrasolar planets were first discovered in the 1990s as a result of improved telescope technology, CCD and computer-based image processing which allowed far more accurate measurements of stellar motions. The first extrasolar planets were reported by the astronomer Aleksander Wolszczan in 1993, orbiting the pulsar PSR 1257+12. Subsequent investigation has determined that they are only planets...

4_2263b8f4e602bddd69c225b3bc2c46aa2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Asteroid Belt -- The Asteroid belt is a region of the solar system falling roughly between the planets Mars and Jupiter where the greatest concentration of asteroid orbits can be found. It is believed that, during the first million years of the solar system history, planets formed by accretion of planetesimals. Ripetute collisions led to the familiar rocky planets and to the gas giant's cores. However, in this zone of the system the strong gravity of Jupiter inhibited the final stages...

3_26342a6670b6131c97d5fc3f8796ebd92
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Epsilon Eridani -- Epsilon Eridani is a main-sequence star in the constellation of Eridanus (the river). It is often used in science fiction because it is extremely sunlike, and in the fictional Star Trek universe it is the home sun of the planet Vulcan which is home to Mr. Spock. It is the third closest star visible without a telescope. It has 85% of the Sun's mass, almost that much of its diameter, and 28% of its luminosity. It is 10.5 light years from Earth. Its spectrum is...

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Word of the Day
baudekin
  • A rich embroidered or brocaded silk fabric woven originally with a warp of gold thread.
'Baudekin' seems to be an alternative form of 'baldachin,' from the Italian 'Baldacco,' Baghdad, the city where the material was made.
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