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Latest Planktology Stories

Dead Jellyfish Help Absorb Carbon Dioxide
2013-05-29 09:55:33

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Humans constantly produce carbon dioxide (CO2), both naturally and as a byproduct of industrial processes. The ocean absorbs about 25 percent of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activity. Tiny organisms called plankton live in the ocean and break down this natural greenhouse gas by converting itinto sugars and carbohydrates through photosynthesis. In order to understand the efficiency of the ocean´s carbon...

Researchers Uncover Genetic Payload Of Ancient Plankton In Black Sea Sediments
2013-05-07 10:23:32

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Sorting through the vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was astounded by the variety of past plankton species that left behind their genetic makeup. This vast amount of data is called the plankton paleome. The Black Sea is semi-isolated from other bodies of water, and highly sensitive to climate driven environmental changes....

Microorganisms In Sea Spray Alter Ability Of Ocean To Seed Clouds
2013-04-23 11:09:06

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The ability of sea spray to form clouds over the ocean is influenced by ocean biology which alters the chemical composition of the spray. A team of scientists from the University of California, San Diego, is using a new approach to study tiny atmospheric particles called aerosols. These aerosols can influence climate by absorbing or reflecting sunlight and seeding clouds. "After many decades of attempting to understand how the ocean...

Effects Of Changing Ocean pH May Result In Increase In The Hearing Sensitivity Of Fish
2013-04-19 14:26:57

University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science Ocean acidification, which occurs as CO2 is absorbed by the world's oceans, is known to negatively impact a wide variety of marine animals ranging from massive corals to microscopic plankton. However, there is much less information about how fish may be impacted by acidification, should carbon emissions continue to rise as a result of human activities. In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National...

Antarctic Ecosystem Caused Rapid Evolution 041913
2013-04-19 09:39:52

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The development of the sea-ice ecosystem in the circum-Antarctic Southern Ocean may have triggered further adaptation and evolution of larger organisms such as baleen whales and penguins, according to a new study published Thursday in the journal Science. The area´s ecosystem can be traced back to the emergence of the Antarctic ice sheets some 33.6 million years ago and plays an important role in global marine food webs and...

Ocean Plankton Gobbling Up Twice The Carbon As Previously Believed
2013-03-18 11:06:17

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Carbon dioxide is the leading driver of disruptive climate change on a global scale. And without the help of some organisms in the natural world the global climate could be a lot worse than it is now. Now, new research shows that trillions of plankton near the surface of warm waters are more carbon-rich than previously believed. These researchers, led by scientists at the University of California-Irvine, suggest that the tiny...

Unique Experiment Uses Huge Plastic Containers To Study Ocean Acidification
2013-03-13 16:08:19

AlphaGalileo Foundation To study the effects of ocean acidification, ten huge plastic containers called mesocosms are placed in the Gullmar Fjord in Sweden. The project is unique: mesocosms of this size have never been used for such a long period of time. The experiment is part of a worldwide research project, and includes researchers from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. This is the largest and longest experiment on the impact of climate change on marine ecosystems that have been...

Smartphone App Allows Seamen To Track Phytoplankton For Science
2013-02-24 08:08:54

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers at the Plymouth University Marine Institute have developed a new smartphone app that they claim will allow regular folks to help scientists track the impact of climate change on phytoplankton. In a statement released Friday, the university reports that scientists are concerned that the tiny organisms, which are at the bottom end of the marine life food chain, could be decreasing in numbers due to increasing sea...

Growth Of Toxic Algae Caused By Nitrogen From Pollution And Natural Sources
2013-02-07 10:17:49

San Francisco State University Nitrogen in ocean waters fuels the growth of two tiny but toxic phytoplankton species that are harmful to marine life and human health, warns a new study published in the Journal of Phycology. Researchers from San Francisco State University found that nitrogen entering the ocean -- whether through natural processes or pollution -- boosts the growth and toxicity of a group of phytoplankton that can cause the human illness Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning....


Latest Planktology Reference Libraries

45_9dcdfc9da62991a8f200f2f82f8638d9
2014-01-12 00:00:00

A salp is a barrel-shaped, free-floating tunicate (any living organism which has a saclike body enclosed in a thick membrane or tunic with two openings or siphons for the ingress and egress of water). It moves by contracting which pumps water through its body. The salp strains the water with internal feeding filters as it goes through the body. It consumes phytoplankton that are strained from the water. Salps are common throughout equatorial, temperate, and colder seas. They are most often...

39_6e87e3fa1b5a996861bc65cc76c916fa
2007-04-03 00:34:20

The South American pilchard, Sardinops sagax, is a sardine of the Family Clupeidae, the only member of the genus Sardinops, found in the indo-Pacific oceans. Their length is up to 15.75 in (40 cm). It has a number of other common names: Australian pilchard, Blue pilchard, Blue-bait, Californian pilchard, Chilean sardine, Japanese pilchard, Pacific sardine, and Southern African pilchard. The South American pilchard is a coastal species that forms large schools. Coloration is blue green on...

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Word of the Day
tessitura
  • The prevailing range of a vocal or instrumental part, within which most of the tones lie.
This word is Italian in origin and comes from the Latin 'textura,' web, structure.