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Latest Plant physiology Stories

e8d198299e0bd36ee038024f28098dd0
2010-03-01 07:31:24

Power struggle between genetic master switches decides stem cell fate, growth orientation in plants The first order of business for any fledgling plant embryo is to determine which end grows the shoot and which end puts down roots. Now, researchers at the Salk Institute expose the turf wars between two groups of antagonistic genetic master switches that set up a plant's polar axis with a root on one end and a shoot on the other. "In what is arguably the most important decision for a plant,...

9ae46d96db696dcb954a95e9926ed8de1
2010-02-25 14:13:45

Ever looked carefully at the leaves on a plant and noticed their various sizes and shapes? Why are they different? What controls the size and shape of each individual leaf? Very little is known about the developmental control of leaf size and shape, and understanding the mechanisms behind this is a major issue in plant biology. A leaf's size is determined by a combination of cell number, cell size, and intercellular space. Michael Marcotrigiano from Smith College, Massachusetts, wanted to...

ff2eb00afad682e2f8270d74a1d8b40e1
2010-02-21 13:26:55

Flightless birds, blind cave shrimp, and other oddities suggest a "use it or lose it" tendency in evolution. In the microbial world, an unusual marine microorganism appears to have ditched several major metabolic pathways, leaving it with a remarkably reduced set of genes. This metabolic minimalist is a specialist uniquely suited to performing one very important function: taking nitrogen gas from the atmosphere and "fixing" it into a form that makes this essential nutrient available to other...

7b660008249bf16ecf9ed34d32ee11481
2010-01-27 13:01:53

Max Planck scientists discovered how certain hormones control aspects of root branching in plants Roots are the most underestimated parts of a plant, even though they are crucial for water and nutrient uptake and consequently growth. In a world of changing water availability and an ever-increasing human population, it will therefore be crucial to understand how root development is controlled in plants. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tbingen, Germany, now...

2010-01-20 02:30:00

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 20 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Cavitation Technologies, Inc. (CTI) (OTC Bulletin Board: CVAT; Berlin/Stuttgart: WTC) reports executing a Worldwide License and Distribution Agreement for CTI's Green D Plus Nano Cavitation Reactor Systems with Desmet Ballestra Group www.desmetgroup.com. Desmet Ballestra Group (DBG) is the market leader providing the most advanced and efficient processing equipment and systems to the $100 Billion Dollar a year food oil extraction and refining...

aac0bb4a16ca91467d375ddb302f67141
2010-01-14 10:31:20

Since the time of the earliest humans, people have attempted to understand the natural environment. We have observed our surroundings and searched for explanations for natural phenomena. Yet despite our persistence over thousands of years, many basic questions remain to be answered. Although we understand core processes such as photosynthesis, we do not have a full understanding of issues such as how plants maximize their photosynthetic capacity. Specific leaf area, or SLA, plays a prominent...

2010-01-06 08:15:00

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 6 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Cavitation Technologies, Inc. (CTI) (OTC Bulletin Board: CVAT; Berlin: WTC) is pleased to announce a successful testing of its first commercial scale nano-degumming skid system, the Green D+. The 43 GPM (gallon per minute) unit has performed above its expectations. Our system will replace expensive processing equipment of oil refineries worldwide. Green D+ will offer substantial savings to the vegetable oil degumming industry and offer all the...

f0399bf4905a69d90aee70edc8e998521
2009-12-24 07:02:47

University of Delaware researchers have uncovered a novel means of conquest employed by the common reed, Phragmites australis, which ranks as one of the world's most invasive plants. The invasive strain, which hails from Eurasia, overtakes its "native" cousin, which has lived in North America for the past 10,000 years, ironically by provoking the native plant to "take itself out," through a combination of microbial and enzymatic activity in the soil. The research by an interdisciplinary UD...

007788ac29dec36a19a909564484ac3a1
2009-12-23 07:46:54

Microscopic ridges contouring the surface of flower petals might play a role in flashing that come-hither look pollinating insects can't resist. Michigan State University scientists and colleagues now have figured out how those form. The result could help researchers learn to enhance plants' pollination success and even could lead to high-grip nanomaterials and "green chemical" feedstocks. "Surprisingly, our work on plant surface biochemistry became a birds and bees and flowers story," said...

2009-12-14 12:30:00

Biologists have identified plant enzymes that may help to engineer plants that take advantage of elevated carbon dioxide to use water more efficiently. The finding could help to engineer crops that take advantage of rising greenhouse gases. Plants take in the carbon dioxide they need for photosynthesis through microscopic breathing pores in the surface of leaves. But for each molecule of the gas gained, they lose hundreds of water molecules through these same openings. The pores can tighten...


Latest Plant physiology Reference Libraries

International Journal of Biometeorology
2012-04-29 20:58:31

The International Journal of Biometeorology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer Science+Business Media on behalf of the International Society of Biometeorology. The journal publishes original research papers, review articles, and short communications on studies examining the interactions between living organisms and factors of the natural and artificial physical environment. It publishes articles in the following fields: Earth and environmental science, life...

45_20138aaa34c0aef5a2af87b137102229
2009-04-23 11:07:34

Bittercress (Barbarea vulgaris), also commonly known as Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, and Wound Rocket, is a European biennial herb. This plant displays a rosette of shiny, dark green leaves at the base and additional pinnately divided leaves on the stem. In the spring, yellow flowers originate in tightly packed terminal groups just above the foliage. Bittercress grows wildly as a weed in many parts of North America. The flowers can be in bloom May...

31_bce3ffdce7cc57383287500d7afbf24c
2007-12-27 09:16:35

The Par Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis), is a tree belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. It is the most economically important member of the genus Hevea. It is of major economic importance because its sap-like extract (latex) can be collected and is the primary source of natural rubber. The Pará rubber tree initially grew only in the Amazon Rainforest. Now most rubber tree plantations are in southeast Asia and tropical Africa. Attempts to cultivate the tree in other areas in South...

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