Latest Plasma physics Stories

NuSTAR Observatory Busy High Energy Events
2013-06-18 11:08:53

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA´s NuSTAR orbiting observatory is designed to investigate high-energy events throughout the universe, and the cosmos has been keeping it busy in recent months, producing one event after another. In early April, the galaxy Markarian 421 produced a high-energy event that increased its brightness by more than 50 times its usual level. Markarian 421 is known as a blazer, a unique class of galaxies with supermassive "feeding" black...

Black Hole X Ray Mystery Solved
2013-06-14 14:00:15

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers from several institutions have confirmed theories about how stellar-mass black holes produce their highest-energy light known as hard X-rays. Researchers from NASA, Johns Hopkins University and the Rochester Institute of Technology wrote in the Astrophysical Journal about how they were able to use supercomputer simulations of gas flowing into a back hole to reproduce a range of important X-ray features found in active black...

Nearby Flare Star Gives Burst Of Light
2013-06-14 12:17:36

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Within a span of three minutes, a star in the Usra Major constellation less than 16 light-years from Earth gave off a massive flare, making the object 15 times brighter than normal, according to a new report in the journal Astrophysics. The star, known as WX“¯UMa, is a so-called flare star, a class of stars which can become 100 times or more brighter within a few seconds or minutes. These flares appear to be randomly...

Sunrise 2 Launched Successfully
2013-06-12 10:28:55

Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research The balloon-borne solar observatory Sunrise has lifted off - and will now begin its unique journey to the active Sun. The balloon-borne solar observatory Sunrise has lifted off successfully from Esrange Space Center in the north of Sweden. Today at 7.37 a.m. CEST the launching vehicle released the gondola and the huge balloon lifted Sunrise into the sky. Ever since the last ground-based tests had been completed during the past week, the...

M5.9 Solar Flare Emitted By The Sun
2013-06-11 09:18:19

NASA The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 6:49 p.m. on June 7, 2013. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where communications signals travel. This disrupts the radio signals for as long as the flare is ongoing, anywhere from minutes to hours. This flare is classified as an...

Black Holes Abundant Early Universe
2013-06-06 14:16:28

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online As telescopes peer into the distant background of the Universe they are, in effect, looking back in time. The light emitted from these objects has been traveling across the Universe for perhaps billions of years. So by analyzing the background light of the sky researchers can get a picture of the composition of the Universe early in its evolution. New data from NASA´s Chandra X-ray Observatory and NASA´s...

Latest Plasma physics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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