Latest Plasma physics Stories

X-Ray Nova Reveals A Black Hole Surprise
2012-10-05 15:40:26

[ Watch the Video: X-ray Nova Reveals a New Black Hole in Our Galaxy ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new stellar-mass black hole has been discovered in our galaxy by NASA's Swift satellite. High-energy X-rays emanating from a source towards the center of our Milky Way galaxy were observed, indicating the presence of a previously unknown black hole. "Bright X-ray novae are so rare that they're essentially once-a-mission events and this is the first one...

Coronal Mass Ejection Captured By SOHO
2012-09-29 08:20:34

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online At 10:23 pm EDT on September 27, 2012, NASA's Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) captured an image of a particularly wide coronal mass ejection (CME) that erupted from the Sun. SOHO is an international collaborative effort between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) to study the Sun from its deep core to the outer corona. The SOHO spacecraft also studies the solar winds generated by solar events. The sun erupted in a...

Coronal Mass Ejections Linked To Sun's Interior
2012-09-25 04:30:27

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online After forty long years of debates and theories and counter-theories, the community of solar physics scientists has still failed to come to a consensus about what causes the sun's powerful coronal mass ejections (CMEs). CMEs have profound "space weather" effects on land based power grids and satellites in near-Earth geospace. An international team of scientists explains the mysterious physical mechanisms behind the origin of CMEs in a...

Astronomers Look Long At Coronal Mass Ejections
2012-09-20 18:54:36

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers reported in The Astrophysical Journal they have a better understanding of the temperatures of the coronal cavities in Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs). Terry Kucera, a solar scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, along with colleagues, set out to understand the structure of CMEs, even before they erupt. CMEs are eruptions that take place on the sun that can travel toward Earth and...

Largest-ever Magnetic Field Found Around Massive Star
2012-09-12 06:10:56

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have measured the largest-ever magnetic field around a massive star and reported their findings in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. The team used the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET) at The University of Texas McDonald Observatory and the Canada-France Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) on Hawaii's Mauna Kea to determine that the star's magnetic field is 20,000 times stronger than the Sun's. The magnetic...

The Quantum World Can Be A Surprising Place
2012-09-07 09:14:58

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Thermalization is the process of particles reaching thermal equilibrium through mutual interaction. We see this process around us every day. Take for example, ice cubes dropped into a pot of hot water. The cubes melt and cannot remain stable. Well-ordered ice crystals turn into a disordered liquid as the molecules of the ice and the molecules of the water reach thermal equilibrium, ending up at the same temperature. Research at the...

Major Review Passed For NASA Mission To Study Magnetic Explosions
2012-09-06 07:20:05

On August 31, 2012 , NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission proved it was ready for its next steps by passing what's called a Systems Integration Review (SIR), which deems a mission ready to integrate instruments onto the spacecraft. The MMS mission is due to launch in late 2014. It will observe a mysterious process called magnetic reconnection, which creates explosive bursts of energy and which powers a variety of space phenomena from the aurora to giant eruptions of radiation on...

Radiation From Sun’s Solar Whip Is Expected To Reach Earth Today
2012-09-04 07:45:16

Watch the Video: Filament Eruption August 31, 2012 Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists from NASA have discovered an enormous ℠solar whip´ on the surface of the Sun and have warned that radiation from the phenomenon is heading straight toward Earth, arriving on our doorstep sometime today. The stunning event was captured by NASA´s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and, according to a report from Mail Online´s Mark Prigg, video and...

Photonic Interactions Measured At The Atomic Level
2012-08-31 13:31:45

By measuring the unique properties of light on the scale of a single atom, researchers from Duke University and Imperial College, London, believe that they have characterized the limits of metal's ability in devices that enhance light. This field is known as plasmonics because scientists are trying to take advantage of plasmons, electrons that have been "excited" by light in a phenomenon that produces electromagnetic field enhancement. The enhancement achieved by metals at the nanoscale is...

Cosmic Superbubble Shows Its Bright Side
2012-08-31 11:01:49

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA has released a hauntingly beautiful composite image showing a superbubble in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). The LMC is a small satellite galaxy of the Milky Way located about 160,000 light years from Earth. A superbubble is a cavity, filled with 106 Kelvin gas blown into the interstellar medium by multiple supernovae and stellar winds, hundreds of light years across. These cavities are carved out of the surrounding gas by the...

Latest Plasma physics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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Word of the Day
  • A blustering, bullying fellow; a pot-valiant braggart; a bully.
This word is named for Draw-Can-Sir, a character in George Villiers' 17th century play The Rehearsal.