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Latest Plasma physics Stories

Powering The SUn's Atmosphere
2013-11-15 09:30:08

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The core of the Sun is a nuclear furnace, burning at 15 million degrees Kelvin. This heat travels to the surface, creating surface plasma that is still a balmy 6,000 Kelvin. However, a strange thing happens above the surface of the Sun; in the solar atmosphere, known as the corona, temperatures can exceed a million degrees Kelvin. Researchers have long suspected that the cause for this dramatic heating is due to interactions...

Sunspots Moving Across The Sun
2013-11-14 14:28:37

[ Watch The Video: Sputtering Spot – The Last Days of AR11890 ] NASA Two large, complex sunspots are moving across the face of the sun. One, which produced considerable solar activity in the past weeks, has almost rotated off completely. A new sunspot rounded into view on Nov. 11, 2013 and is now making its way across the Earth-side of the sun. An active region can contain one or more sunspots. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration numbers active regions consecutively as...

New Insights Into A Fusion Plasma's Transport Barrier Promise To Boost Future Reactor Performance
2013-11-13 15:52:11

American Physical Society In a collaborative effort, researchers in the United States and the United Kingdom have developed a new technique that will help them optimize the transport barrier, or pedestal, in fusion plasmas, which will be key to increasing future fusion power performance. This work has been recognized with the 2013 APS John Dawson Award for Excellence in Plasma Physics Research. The core of fusion plasmas must reach temperatures over 100 million degrees to enable ample...

2013-11-13 13:25:14

Computer simulation explores how intense plasma waves generate suprathermal electrons, which are critical to microchip fabrication Advanced plasma-based etching is a key enabler of Moore's Law that observes that the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles nearly every two years. It is the plasma's ability to reproduce fine patterns on silicon that makes this scaling possible and has made plasma sources ubiquitous in microchip manufacturing. A groundbreaking fabrication...

Rapid Plasma Rotation May Be Key To Softening The Blow Of Powerful Plasma Disruptions
2013-11-13 11:25:56

American Physical Society In the quest for fusion energy on earth, researchers use magnetic fields to insulate hot plasma from the walls of the chamber to maintain the reaction and prevent damage to interior surfaces. In the tokamak, a leading contender to achieve a sustained fusion burn, electrical currents flowing in the plasma inside the doughnut-shaped vacuum chamber can become unstable if the plasma current or pressure gets too high or the control system breaks, leading to a sudden...

maven ready for launch
2013-11-18 11:30:29

UPDATE (November 18, 2013 12:30 a.m. EST) At 11:48 a.m. EST, liquid oxygen began flowing into the Atlas first stage booster. Liquid oxygen loading of the Centaur upper stage is about 50 percent complete. There are no technical issues. Liftoff of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket carrying NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft is targeted for the opening of a two-hour window at 1:28 p.m. from Space Launch Complex 41 in Florida. ------------------------...

Sun Emits Seventh Significant Flare Since Oct. 23, 2013
2013-11-11 07:51:25

NASA The sun emitted a significant solar flare that peaked at 1:14 a.m. EST on Nov. 10, 2013. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel. To see how this event may impact Earth, please visit NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center at...

Voyager 1 Probe Detects 'Interstellar Music'
2013-11-04 03:06:34

[ Watch the Video: Voyager 1 Encounters An Interstellar Love Song ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online There is no air in space, and there cannot be sound without air. So what did NASA researchers mean when they recently stated that they had detected “interstellar music” which provided strong evidence that Voyager 1 had left the magnetic bubble surrounding the sun and planets known as the heliosphere? That “interstellar music” is actually plasma waves...

Sun Produces Fourth X-class Flare In A Week
2013-10-30 11:04:01

NASA The sun emitted a significant solar flare – its fourth X-class flare since Oct. 23, 2013 -- peaking at 5:54 p.m. on Oct. 29, 2013. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel. This disrupts the radio signals for as long as the flare is ongoing,...


Latest Plasma physics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

45_7760ecc1c46f19cc327f8ce6904b6250
2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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Word of the Day
lambent
  • Licking.
  • Hence Running along or over a surface, as if in the act of licking; flowing over or along; lapping or bathing; softly bright; gleaming.
This word comes the Latin 'lambere,' to lick.
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