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Latest Plasma physics Stories

Solar Ultra-Violet Imager Cleared For Installation Onto GOES-R Spacecraft
2013-12-17 13:44:39

NASA The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite – R known as GOES-R Series Program completed its next instrument, SUVI or the Solar Ultra-Violet Imager, which is now ready for integration onto the GOES-R spacecraft. SUVI is a telescope that will observe the sun in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength range and provide full-disk solar images around the clock. The instrument will identify active regions on the sun, including solar flares and eruptions, which could lead to...

New Insights Into Cosmic Phenomena Provided By Swift Satellite
2013-12-17 05:07:02

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By analyzing data collected by NASA’s Swift robotic spacecraft, astronomers from the University of Leicester have reportedly discovered the location of nearly 100,000 previously unknown cosmic X-ray sources. The research team studied eight years’ worth of observations collected during the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission to compile a catalog of major celestial X-ray sources – a list that includes more than 150,000 high-energy...

Sun More Violent Than Believed
2013-12-09 15:03:43

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA's newest solar observatory is showing the region located between the surface of the sun and its atmosphere is more violent than previously thought. The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) spacecraft launched earlier this summer to study what is known as the interface region. For the past six months, IRIS has given scientists detailed images of this region, finding even more turbulence and complexity than expected. "The...

Magnetic Field Lines
2013-12-07 04:56:08

[ Watch the Video: The Sun's Changing Magnetic Field ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A newly-released NASA visualization shows the process of the sun’s magnetic field changing polarity, with the positive and negative poles switching throughout the course of the 22 year magnetic solar cycle. According to Karen C. Fox of the Goddard Space Flight Center, the magenta colored lines represent regions where the overall field is negative, while the green lines...

Astronomers Find Youngest-Ever X-Ray Binary
2013-12-05 06:29:43

[ Watch the Video: Millisecond Pulsar with Magnetic Field Structure ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using data obtained from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Australia Telescope Compact Array, researchers have identified the remains of a supernova that exploded just 2,500 years ago, making it the youngest astronomical object of its kind ever discovered. The object is an X-ray binary located between 24,000 and 30,000 light years from Earth in the...

Lightweight Black Hole Has Elegant Manners
2013-11-29 05:00:59

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Our understanding of how some black holes consume matter might be changed by new observations of a black hole powering an energetic X-ray source in a galaxy some 22 million light years away. The findings, published in a recent issue of Nature, indicate that this particular black hole, thought to be the engine behind the X-ray source’s high-energy light output, is unexpectedly lightweight. Additionally, in spite of the generous amount...

NASA's Solar Observing Fleet Will Be Watching Comet ISON's Journey Around The Sun
2013-11-23 08:07:02

NASA It began in the Oort cloud, almost a light year away. It has traveled for over a million years. It has almost reached the star that has pulled it steadily forward for so long. On Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 28, 2013, Comet ISON will finally sling shot around the sun. Here its inward journey through the solar system will end -- either because it will break up due to intense heat and gravity of the sun, or because, still intact, it speeds back away, never to return. Catalogued as C/2012...

Sun Emits Another X-Class Solar Flare
2013-11-19 11:53:37

NASA Adding on to a series of solar flares throughout October and November, the sun emitted another significant solar flare on Nov. 19, 2013, peaking at 5:26 a.m. EST. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel. To see how this event may impact Earth,...

Powering The SUn's Atmosphere
2013-11-15 09:30:08

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The core of the Sun is a nuclear furnace, burning at 15 million degrees Kelvin. This heat travels to the surface, creating surface plasma that is still a balmy 6,000 Kelvin. However, a strange thing happens above the surface of the Sun; in the solar atmosphere, known as the corona, temperatures can exceed a million degrees Kelvin. Researchers have long suspected that the cause for this dramatic heating is due to interactions...


Latest Plasma physics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

45_7760ecc1c46f19cc327f8ce6904b6250
2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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Word of the Day
mallemaroking
  • Nautical, the visiting and carousing of sailors in the Greenland ships.
This word is apparently from a confusion of two similar Dutch words: 'mallemerok,' a foolish woman, and 'mallemok,' a name for some persons among the crew of a whaling vessel.