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Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 5:20 EDT

Latest Plate tectonics Stories

Earth core structure shutterstock_179800859
2014-04-05 06:41:23

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The contours of the Earth's crust are influenced by the high temperatures deep within the Earth's mantle, according to a new study published in Science. A team of researchers, led by Brown University, demonstrated that those temperature differences control the elevation and volcanic activity along mid-ocean ridges, the colossal mountain ranges that line the ocean floor. Forming at the boundaries of tectonic plates, mid-ocean ridges...

mercury
2014-04-05 05:12:23

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using new data obtained by the MESSENGER spacecraft, researchers from Brown University in Rhode Island have discovered that explosive volcanic activity has been occurring throughout most of Mercury’s history, meaning that the planet has had the volatile compounds necessary for those eruptions for longer than anticipated. The findings, which are detailed in a recent edition of the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, are...

Researchers Develop New Model Of Earth's Dynamic Interior
2014-03-31 14:24:13

[ Watch The Video: Researchers Develop New Model Of Earth’s Dynamic Interior ] Nikki Cassis, Arizona State University Seeking to better understand the composition of the lowermost part of Earth’s mantle, located nearly 2,900 kilometers (1,800 miles) below the surface, a team of Arizona State University researchers has developed new simulations that depict the dynamics of deep Earth. A paper published March 30 in Nature Geoscience reports the team’s findings, which could be...

3D Computer Models Used To Solve Age-old Geologic Riddle
2014-03-26 12:15:54

[ Watch The Video: The Dynamics of Continental Accretion ] Robert Perkins, University of Southern California New study provides explanation for long-debated origin of bow-shaped mountain belts that form along the edges of colliding tectonic plates An international team of scientists that included USC's Meghan Miller used computer modeling to reveal, for the first time, how giant swirls form during the collision of tectonic plates – with subduction zones stuttering and recovering...

Newly exposed fault scarp
2014-03-25 08:07:09

GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre Rift valleys are large depressions formed by tectonic stretching forces. Volcanoes often occur in rift valleys, within the rift itself or on the rift flanks as e.g. in East Africa. The magma responsible for this volcanism is formed in the upper mantle and ponds at the boundary between crust and mantle. For many years, the question of why volcanoes develop outside the rift zone in an apparently unexpected location offset by tens of...

mercury
2014-03-17 04:40:53

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft has uncovered evidence that Mercury has contracted far more than previously believed over the past four billion years, according to research appearing in Sunday’s edition of the journal Nature Geoscience. In fact, lead author and Carnegie Institution of Washington planetary geologist Paul K. Byrne and colleagues analyzed global imaging and topographic data from the US space agency-sponsored mission...

Magma Chamber Of Galapagos' Sierra Negra Volcano Imaged In 3D
2014-03-06 10:01:48

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some of the most active volcanoes in the world can be found in the Galapagos Islands. These volcanoes are responsible for more than 50 eruptions in the last 200 years. Even with such activity, scientists knew far more about the history of finches, tortoises and iguanas on the islands than the volcanoes upon which these unusual fauna had evolved. A new study from the University of Rochester, published in the Journal of Geophysical...

earthquake
2014-03-05 04:54:55

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study published in the journal Science reveals new information about the forces behind earthquakes. Geoscientists from the University of California, Los Angeles used a technique known as seismic tomography to study the structure of the Pacific Plate. This technique helped the team determine the plate’s thickness and image the interior of the plate and the underlying mantle, which they were able to relate to the direction of...

2014-03-03 15:21:05

A failed Saharan Atlantic Ocean rift zone Break-up of the supercontinent Gondwana about 130 Million years ago could have lead to a completely different shape of the African and South American continent with an ocean south of today's Sahara desert, as geoscientists from the University of Sydney and the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences have shown through the use of sophisticated plate tectonic and three-dimensional numerical modelling. The study highlights the importance of rift...

Australian Rock Determined To Be Oldest Material Formed On Earth
2014-02-24 13:04:03

[ Watch the Video: The Oldest Rock On Earth ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers, publishing a paper in the journal Nature Geoscience, say a rock in Australia is helping to paint a picture of how our planet became habitable 4.4 billion years ago. The team found data from a tiny fragment of zircon that confirms the Earth’s crust first formed 4.4 billion years ago, which is just 160 million years after the formation of the Solar System. John Valley,...


Latest Plate tectonics Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Santa María Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which was created during another eruption in 1922. These domes hold active vents and in 1929, part of the...

Pacaya
2014-04-09 10:53:58

Pacaya is an active complex volcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Central American Volcanic Arc. It reaches and elevation of 8,373 feet and is located on a volcanic caldera, along with Lago de Amatitlán, that has been the cause of at least nine large explosive eruptions in the past 300,000 years. Its edifice collapsed about 1,100 years ago, producing a landslide that traveled sixteen miles and left a crater where the current cone is still forming. The active magma chamber...

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