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Latest Plate tectonics Stories

2014-06-16 09:57:20

European Association of Geochemistry Two studies show that the movement rate of plates carrying the Earth's crust may not be constant over time. This could provide a new explanation for the patterns observed in the speed of evolution and has implications for the interpretation of climate models. The work is presented today at Goldschmidt 2014, the premier geochemistry conference taking place in Sacramento, California, USA. The Earth's continental crust can be thought of as an archive...

An Ocean's Worth Of Water May Be Sitting In North American Mantle
2014-06-13 10:28:29

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While all of Earth’s oceans may seem like more than enough water for one planet, a new study published in the journal Science has revealed an ocean’s worth of water may be sitting in the mantle, hundreds of miles below North America. According to the study, molecular water is stored away in a mineral called ringwoodite about 400 miles below the Earth’s surface. The study team said this stored water is sitting in a transition...

volcanic eruptions cambrian extinction
2014-05-31 06:19:01

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online This week has certainly been heavy on extinction news. Seth Borenstein's enlightening AP article is one, detailing that the Earth may, in fact, be on the brink of the Sixth Great Extinction event. Citing the loss of species at a rate of 1,000 times faster than at any time prior to the rise of the human race, Borenstein's story states we are toying with disaster and whether or not humans make it out of this alive depends fully on...

Ancient Rocks Provide Clues About Earth's Earliest Crust
2014-05-30 03:14:31

By Bryan Alary, University of Alberta PhD student's studies of four-billion-year-old rocks show ancient crust generated in an Iceland-like setting. It looks like just another rock, but what Jesse Reimink holds in his hands is a four-billion-year-old chunk of an ancient protocontinent that holds clues about how the Earth’s first continents formed. The University of Alberta geochemistry student spent the better part of three years collecting and studying ancient rock samples from...

Explosive History Of A 'Celebrity Hotspot' Uncovered
2014-05-21 03:01:15

University of Leicester A tiny Mediterranean island visited by the likes of Madonna, Sting, Julia Roberts and Sharon Stone is now the focus of a ground-breaking study by University of Leicester geologists. Pantelleria, a little-known island between Sicily and Tunisia, is a volcano with a remarkable past: 45 thousand years ago, the entire island was covered in a searing-hot layer of green glass. Volcanologists Drs Mike Branney, Rebecca Williams and colleagues at the University of...

Earthquake Science: Predicting The Next ‘Big One’ For San Francisco
2014-05-20 06:42:38

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Great 1906 San Francisco earthquake released as much accumulated stress as a cluster of closely timed temblors did over a 100-year period in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Based on this historical data, new research published in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America is looking at two possible scenarios for the San Francisco Bay Area’s next “Big One.” Study coauthor David Schwartz, a geologist...

The Red Sea Is An Ocean Like All Others
2014-05-07 03:44:56

GEOMAR GEOMAR researchers specify models for the birth of the youngest world ocean Actually, the Red Sea is an ideal study object for marine geologists. There they can observe the formation of an ocean in its early phase. However, the Red Sea seemed to go through a different birthing process than the other oceans. Now, Scientists at the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel and the King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah were able to show that salt glaciers have distorted the...

New Volcanic Revelations May Help Predict When Eruptions Will Occur
2014-05-05 09:10:30

[ Watch the Video: New Insight May Help Predict Volcanic Eruption Behavior ] Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online Volcanologists from the University of Liverpool have discovered how lava dome volcanoes erupt. This could help develop methods on predicting how volcanoes will act. The process of frictional melting determines how the volcano will erupt. The speed of the lava rise and how much friction it creates is determined by this process. Within the lava dome the...

Understanding Mudslides And Other Debris Flows Using mathematics
2014-05-01 03:09:36

Ivy F. Kupec, National Science Foundation Mudslides. Landslides. Volcanic debris flows. Avalanches. Falling rocks... They can come along so suddenly that people, homes, roads and even towns are buried or destroyed without much warning. Recently, we've had dramatic reminders of this, such as the mudslide in Oso, Wash., where 41 people died; an avalanche on Mt. Everest that killed 13 experienced Sherpas and another landslide event in Jackson, Wyo. And as much as ancient Pompeii serves as...

Origins On The Behavior Of Hawaiian Volcanoes
2014-05-01 03:05:10

University of Hawaii ‑ SOEST Kīlauea volcano, on the Big Island of Hawai'i, typically has effusive eruptions, wherein magma flows to create ropy pāhoehoe lava, for example. However, Kīlauea less frequently erupts more violently, showering scoria and blocks over much of the surface of the island. To explain the variability in Kīlauea's eruption styles, a team including Bruce Houghton, the Gordon Macdonald Professor of Volcanology in Geology and Geophysics at the University of Hawai'i...


Latest Plate tectonics Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Santa María Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which was created during another eruption in 1922. These domes hold active vents and in 1929, part of the...

Pacaya
2014-04-09 10:53:58

Pacaya is an active complex volcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Central American Volcanic Arc. It reaches and elevation of 8,373 feet and is located on a volcanic caldera, along with Lago de Amatitlán, that has been the cause of at least nine large explosive eruptions in the past 300,000 years. Its edifice collapsed about 1,100 years ago, producing a landslide that traveled sixteen miles and left a crater where the current cone is still forming. The active magma chamber...

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Word of the Day
penuche
  • A fudgelike confection of brown sugar, cream or milk, and chopped nuts.
'Penuche' is a variant of 'panocha,' a coarse grade of sugar made in Mexico. 'Panocha' probably comes from the Spanish 'panoja, panocha,' ear of grain.
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