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Latest Plate tectonics Stories

Scientists Solve Mystery Of California Tectonics
2013-03-19 12:50:14

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of American scientists believe they have solved a geological mystery buried about 100 miles below California. According to a report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, geologists from Brown University, Columbia University, the University of Rhode Island and the University of Oregon identified the source of anomalous seismic readings as a fragment of the Farallon tectonic plate, which was pushed deep into the...

Model Shows How Carbon Escapes From Deep Earth To Surface
2013-03-19 11:46:54

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Computer simulations of water under extreme pressure reveals how carbon might one day be recycled from hundreds of miles below the surface of the Earth, according to researchers at the University of California, Davis and Johns Hopkins University. The cycling of carbon through the oceans, the atmosphere and the shallow crust of the Earth has been intensively studied, but relatively little is known about what happens to carbon deep...

Inner Earth Could Have Caused Ancient Climate Change
2013-03-18 19:47:05

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers wrote in a newspaper published by the American Geophysical Union that Earth's interior cycles have contributed to long-term sea-level rises and climate change. New York University and Ottawa's Carleton University scientists say activity below the earth's surface has played a role before in ancient rises in sea levels and global warming. Although it may seem like welcoming news for climate change skeptics, the authors...

First Evidence Of Life Deep Under Oceanic Crust Realized
2013-03-15 12:56:53

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists writing in the journal Science say they have found the first direct evidence of life in the deeply buried oceanic crust. Researchers on board the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program's (IODP) research vessel JOIDES Resolution drilled a water depth of 1.5 miles and hundreds of feet of sediment into the oceanic crust off the west coast of North America. After examining rock samples from this depth, they were able to uncover...

Pieces Of Lost Continent Discovered Buried Beneath Indian Ocean
2013-02-25 10:34:59

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Tales of submerged or ℠lost´ areas of land have been prevalent in popular culture since the days of Plato. Yet, while we never found the lost city of Atlantis, an international group of scientists has found evidence of an ancient micro-continent resting beneath two islands in the Indian Ocean. Until around 750 million years ago, all of the dry land on Earth was collected into a single continent called Rodinia, the older...

Volcano Controversy Settled Using Chemistry ‘Trick’
2013-02-12 15:01:41

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Volcanic eruptions have been known to cause global cooling, although the extent of this cooling has been a topic of scientific controversy. Now a team of atmosphere chemists from the Tokyo Institute of Technology and the University of Copenhagen has devised a method for determining which historical cooling periods are the results of volcanic eruptions. When a large volcano erupts, it can propel gases high into the stratosphere where...

Japan Earthquake Produced Largest Slip Ever Recorded
2013-02-08 05:47:23

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As we are quickly approaching the two-year anniversary of the Tohoku-Oki earthquake that prompted the devastating Honshu tsunami, we learned this week about a rapid-response drilling operation at the site of the earthquake. The March 2011 earthquake, a magnitude 9.0 temblor, was responsible for producing a 164-foot-tall slip along the fault. This is the single largest slip ever recorded in an earthquake. Needless to say, such a...

Roots Of Catastrophe Run Deep
2013-02-07 11:20:32

University of Utah Partly molten, Florida-sized blob forms atop Earth's core A University of Utah seismologist analyzed seismic waves that bombarded Earth's core, and believes he got a look at the earliest roots of Earth's most cataclysmic kind of volcanic eruption. But don't worry. He says it won't happen for perhaps 200 million years. "What we may be detecting is the start of one of these large eruptive events that — if it ever happens — could cause very massive...

Collision Between India and Asia Occurred 10 Million Years Earlier Than Previously Thought
2013-02-06 13:32:55

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online India collided with Asia, creating the Himalayas, 10 million years later than previously thought, according to new research published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters (EPSL). MIT researchers found that the collision between India and Asia occurred 40 million years ago, rather than the previous belief of 50 million years ago. “India came running full speed at Asia and boom, they collided,” Oliver Jagoutz, an...

Geologic Facelift For Appalachian Mountain Basin
2013-02-01 08:45:25

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Despite the absence of any recent tectonic activity in the area, one region of the Appalachian Mountains looks vastly different from its surroundings, leading a team of US researchers to conclude that the location had undergone a transformation they refer to as a “geological facelift.” Sean Gallen, a graduate student in marine, earth and atmospheric sciences at North Carolina State University, and Karl Wegmann, an...


Latest Plate tectonics Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Santa María Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which was created during another eruption in 1922. These domes hold active vents and in 1929, part of the...

Pacaya
2014-04-09 10:53:58

Pacaya is an active complex volcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Central American Volcanic Arc. It reaches and elevation of 8,373 feet and is located on a volcanic caldera, along with Lago de Amatitlán, that has been the cause of at least nine large explosive eruptions in the past 300,000 years. Its edifice collapsed about 1,100 years ago, producing a landslide that traveled sixteen miles and left a crater where the current cone is still forming. The active magma chamber...

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Word of the Day
toccata
  • In music, a work for a keyboard-instrument, like the pianoforte or organ, originally intended to utilize and display varieties of touch: but the term has been extended so as to include many irregular works, similar to the prelude, the fantasia, and the improvisation.
This word is Italian in origin, coming from the feminine past participle of 'toccare,' to touch.
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