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Latest Plate tectonics Stories

13-year Cascadia Study Suggests Risk For Large Earthquake
2012-08-01 13:16:27

A comprehensive analysis of the Cascadia Subduction Zone off the Pacific Northwest coast confirms that the region has had numerous earthquakes over the past 10,000 years, and suggests that the southern Oregon coast may be most vulnerable based on recurrence frequency. Written by researchers at Oregon State University, and published online by the U.S. Geological Survey, the study concludes that there is a 40 percent chance of a major earthquake in the Coos Bay, Ore., region during the next...

2012-07-30 13:43:26

On a time scale of tens to hundreds of millions of years, the geomagnetic field may be influenced by currents in the mantle. The frequent polarity reversals of Earth's magnetic field can also be connected with processes in the mantle. These are the research results presented by a group of geoscientists in the new advance edition of "Nature Geoscience" on Sunday, July 29th. The results show how the rapid processes in the outer core, which flows at rates of up to about one millimeter per...

New Evidence For Regular Magnitude 8 Earthquakes On Alpin Fault
2012-07-27 13:21:39

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The most dangerous fault line on the island of New Zealand is the Alpine Fault. It is approximately 80 miles northwest of the islands main city of Christchurch. Research published in the prestigious journal Science, co-authored by University of Nevada, Reno's Glenn Biasi and colleagues at GNS Science in New Zealand, shows that very large earthquakes have been occurring regularly on the Alpine Fault along the southwest coastline of...

Pre-eruption Activity In Conduits Affect Volcanic Ejections
2012-07-24 13:53:55

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In addition to being fairly unpredictable, volcanoes can eject a wide range of material, from mile-high plums of black ash to a deadly hail of fist-sized pumice. These ejections travel extremely fast and can reach internal temperatures between 750 to 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit. The prevailing theory has been that the difference in particle size determined when bubbling magma deep below the volcano converts into a rising stream of gas and...

La Garrotxa: Researchers Pinpoint Youngest Volcanic Area In Spain
2012-07-24 12:52:30

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Although volcanic scientists are able to approximate the age of lava flows, determining the exact timing of each of a volcano´s eruptions has proved difficult in the past. A joint research team from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, University of Girona, the Catalan Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution (IPHES) and other organizations has looked to establish a chronology of eruptions in the...

Earthquake In A Maze
2012-07-19 13:53:02

Caltech researchers provide highest-resolution observations yet of the complex 2012 Sumatra earthquake The powerful magnitude-8.6 earthquake that shook Sumatra on April 11, 2012, was a seismic standout for many reasons, not the least of which is that it was larger than scientists thought an earthquake of its type could ever be. Now, researchers from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) report on their findings from the first high-resolution observations of the underwater...

Volcanic Hotspot Origins Revealed Through X-ray Analysis
2012-07-19 07:26:46

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Most volcanoes are situated where continental plates shift against each other. This is where the continental crust is weakened, allowing magma to break through to the surface. The Pacific "Ring of Fire" exhibits this kind of plate movement, resulting in powerful earthquakes and multiple active volcanoes. Volcanic hotspots, however, are of a completely different nature because most of them are far away from plate boundaries. The...

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2012-07-12 12:47:14

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The largest survey of Native American DNA ever conducted has revealed that people settled the New World in three distinct waves, not one as previously believed, various media outlets reported Wednesday. According to Robert Lee Hotz of the Wall Street Journal, Harvard Medical School Geneticist David Reich and an international team of colleagues compared thousands of genetic variations among 52 contemporary Native American...

Deep Tectonic Tremors Provide Clues About Shallow Earthquakes
2012-07-06 17:18:19

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Although the earth is shaken by approximately 80,000 earthquakes every month, not many of them will send you running for the nearest doorway. However, scientists, led by a team at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany, have recently started investing more time and research into understanding these subtle vibrations that occur deep in the Earth´s crust. More specifically, these researchers are interested in tectonic...

2012-07-02 10:22:42

Mountain belts on Earth are most commonly formed by collision of one or more tectonic plates. The process of collision, uplift, and subsequent erosion of long mountain belts often produces profound global effects, including changes in regional and global climates, as well as the formation of important economic resources, including oil and gas reservoirs and ore deposits. Understanding the formation of mountain belts is thus a very important element of earth science research. One common but...


Latest Plate tectonics Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Santa María Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which was created during another eruption in 1922. These domes hold active vents and in 1929, part of the...

Pacaya
2014-04-09 10:53:58

Pacaya is an active complex volcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Central American Volcanic Arc. It reaches and elevation of 8,373 feet and is located on a volcanic caldera, along with Lago de Amatitlán, that has been the cause of at least nine large explosive eruptions in the past 300,000 years. Its edifice collapsed about 1,100 years ago, producing a landslide that traveled sixteen miles and left a crater where the current cone is still forming. The active magma chamber...

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Word of the Day
sough
  • A murmuring sound; a rushing or whistling sound, like that of the wind; a deep sigh.
  • A gentle breeze; a waft; a breath.
  • Any rumor that engages general attention.
  • A cant or whining mode of speaking, especially in preaching or praying; the chant or recitative characteristic of the old Presbyterians in Scotland.
  • To make a rushing, whistling, or sighing sound; emit a hollow murmur; murmur or sigh like the wind.
  • To breathe in or as in sleep.
  • To utter in a whining or monotonous tone.
According to the OED, from the 16th century, this word is 'almost exclusively Scots and northern dialect until adopted in general literary use in the 19th.'
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