Latest Plate tectonics Stories

2012-03-30 08:29:09

Two new studies into the "plumbing systems" that lie under volcanoes could bring scientists closer to predicting large eruptions. International teams of researchers, led by the University of Leeds, studied the location and behavior of magma chambers on the Earth's mid-ocean ridge system - a vast chain of volcanoes along which the Earth forms new crust. They worked in Afar (Ethiopia) and Iceland - the only places where mid-ocean ridges appear above sea level. Volcanic ridges (or...

2012-03-30 08:11:31

The April/May GSA Today science article is now online at www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/. In this issue, Simon Williams and colleagues from the Earthbyte Group of the School of Geosciences at the University of Sydney present GPlates, a powerful new method for analyzing geological and geophysical data sets within the context of tectonic reconstructions. GPlates is part of a new generation of plate reconstruction software that incorporates functionality familiar from GIS software with the added...

New Age Suggested For East African Rift
2012-03-28 09:33:57

A new study published in the journal Nature Geoscience is suggesting that the human species may have taken much longer to evolve thanks to plate tectonics that changed Africa´s landscape millions of years before experts previously believed. Scientists from James Cook University, Ohio University, and Michigan State University said their findings show evidence that a major tectonic event occurred in East Africa as far back as 25 - 30 million years ago, reshaping large rivers such as the...

2012-03-28 08:52:51

Topics in the 26 March posting of GEOLOGY include anthropogenic impacts on the Indus River into the Arabian Sea; possible electrical conductivity beneath the Yellowstone hotspot track; mountain-forming volcanoes and deadly debris flows; melting beneath the Colorado Plateau; widespread weathered glass on Mars; and a new view into Mars' global aqueous history. GEOLOGY articles published ahead of print can be accessed online at http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/early/recent. When articles...

Image 1 - Scientists Examine Peculiar Underwater Mountain
2012-03-27 10:53:47

Scientists have recently finalized an expedition in an effort to learn more about an undersea mountain they say may have formed in a very different way than the rest of the seafloor. Aboard the JOIDES (Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling) research ship, these scientists studied the formations and makeup of Atlantis Massif. This undersea mountain has been found to be made up of rocks typically found much deeper in the oceans crust. Other volcanic seamounts are usually...

2012-03-26 09:21:40

A layer of partially molten rock about 22 to 75 miles underground can't be the only mechanism that allows continents to gradually shift their position over millions of years, according to a NASA-sponsored researcher. The result gives insight into what allows plate tectonics — the movement of the Earth's crustal plates — to occur. "This melt-rich layer is actually quite spotty under the Pacific Ocean basin and surrounding areas, as revealed by my analysis of seismometer data,"...

Scientists Study Deep Rocks Under Pacific Ocean
2012-03-23 07:12:56

Scientists interested in the construction of the rock layers immediately under the Earth´s crust, the lithosphere and asthenosphere, have new tools to help analyze these layers and further understand plate tectonics. The researchers have been using seismic waves to study the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary, or LAB. This boundary is where the hot, convecting mantle asthenosphere and the overlying cold and rigid lithosphere meet. It has been found that seismic waves move faster...

Latest Plate tectonics Reference Libraries

2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Santa María Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which was created during another eruption in 1922. These domes hold active vents and in 1929, part of the...

2014-04-09 10:53:58

Pacaya is an active complex volcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Central American Volcanic Arc. It reaches and elevation of 8,373 feet and is located on a volcanic caldera, along with Lago de Amatitlán, that has been the cause of at least nine large explosive eruptions in the past 300,000 years. Its edifice collapsed about 1,100 years ago, producing a landslide that traveled sixteen miles and left a crater where the current cone is still forming. The active magma chamber...

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Word of the Day
  • Licking.
  • Hence Running along or over a surface, as if in the act of licking; flowing over or along; lapping or bathing; softly bright; gleaming.
This word comes the Latin 'lambere,' to lick.