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Latest Plate tectonics Stories

Mount Hood Study Suggests Dormant Volcanoes Quickly Become Active
2014-02-17 07:22:37

[ Watch the Video: Dormant Volcanoes Can Quickly Become Active ] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research by UC Davis and Oregon State University may soon lead to new forecasts into how soon volcanoes are ready to erupt. Geologists from both schools, publishing a paper online in the journal Nature, have found that in order for an eruption to occur, molten rock under the volcano must be sufficiently mobile. The evidence comes from a study of Oregon’s...

Iceland's Basalt Pillars Not From Warring Trolls, As Folk Legend Has It
2014-02-04 13:18:11

[ Watch the Video: Trolls Not Responsible For Iceland's Basalt Pillars ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Icelandic trolls are not responsible for shaping the basalt pillars found on the island, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Folklore says that mysterious basalt pillars found in Iceland were created by a pair of angry trolls who hurled rocks at one another. However, the new study says that these...

Large Magma Chamber Sits Below World’s Most Active Volcano
2014-01-29 13:29:50

[ Watch the Video: What's Bubbling Below The Kilauea Volcano? ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers have discovered a large magma chamber below the world’s most active volcano. The new discovery is the first geophysical observation that large magma chambers exist in the deeper parts of Kilauea. For the study, the team analyzed the seismic waves that travel through the volcano....

Oceans Earths Mantle
2014-01-27 13:52:44

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online University of Liverpool scientists believe that up to three and a half times the water of all the Earth’s oceans could be being transported beneath our feet. Seismologists reported in the journal Geology that they found deep sea fault zones could transport much larger amounts of water from Earth’s oceans to the upper mantle than previously thought. The team analyzed earthquakes that occurred more than 60 miles below the Earth’s...

Source Of Galapagos Volcano
2014-01-21 14:35:32

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new analysis from a team of American researchers has found the volcanic plume that created the Galapagos Islands isn’t where models have projected it. The study team said their findings could also explain volcanic activity around the islands. According to the study, which was published on Sunday the journal Nature Geoscience, the Galapagos plume is at a depth of 155 miles, approximately 100 miles southeast of the westernmost island...

Georgia Basin May Amplify Ground Shaking From Next Quake In Vancouver
2014-01-21 08:15:38

Seismological Society of America Tall buildings, bridges and other long-period structures in Greater Vancouver may experience greater shaking from large (M 6.8 +) earthquakes than previously thought due to the amplification of surface waves passing through the Georgia basin, according to two studies published by the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (BSSA). The basin will have the greatest impact on ground motion passing over it from earthquakes generated south and southwest...

Volcanic Rock Age Suggests Catalhoyuk Mural Could Be Based On Turkish Eruption
2014-01-09 09:36:28

Public Library of Science Volcanic rock dating suggests the painting of a Çatalhöyük mural may have overlapped with an eruption in Turkey according to results published January 8, 2014, in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Axel Schmitt from the University of California Los Angeles and colleagues from other institutions. Scientists analyzed rocks from the nearby Hasan Dagi volcano in order to determine whether it was the volcano depicted in the mural from ~6600 BC in the...

Subvertical Faults Can Create Electrical Light Shows During Earthquakes
2014-01-03 05:56:52

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study, published in Seismological Research Letters, reveals that rare earthquake lights are more likely to occur on or near rift environments. These environments are where subvertical faults allow stress-induced electrical currents to flow rapidly to the surface. Scholars have been intrigued by the luminous phenomena known as earthquake lights (EQL) since the earliest days of seismology. EQL appear before or during earthquakes,...

Molten Rock Support Atlas Mountains In Morocco
2014-01-03 04:28:44

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The standard model for mountain structure, in which high topography must have deep roots for support, is defied by the Atlas Mountains, according to a new study from the Earth Sciences department at the University of Southern California (USC). The team of scientists created a new model which reveals that the Atlas Mountains are floating on a layer of hot molten rock flowing beneath the lithosphere — the Earth's most rigid outer...

Dense Earth Crust Was Recycled Into The Mantle During Archean Eon
2013-12-31 07:31:36

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The temperature of the Earth’s mantle during the Archean eon some four billion years ago was significantly higher than it is today, causing the crust to become unstable and drip back down into the mantle, according to research published this month in Nature Geoscience. As part of the study, Dr. Tim Johnson of the Institute of Geosciences at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and his colleagues created model calculations...


Latest Plate tectonics Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Santa María Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which was created during another eruption in 1922. These domes hold active vents and in 1929, part of the...

Pacaya
2014-04-09 10:53:58

Pacaya is an active complex volcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Central American Volcanic Arc. It reaches and elevation of 8,373 feet and is located on a volcanic caldera, along with Lago de Amatitlán, that has been the cause of at least nine large explosive eruptions in the past 300,000 years. Its edifice collapsed about 1,100 years ago, producing a landslide that traveled sixteen miles and left a crater where the current cone is still forming. The active magma chamber...

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Word of the Day
siliqua
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'
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