Quantcast

Latest Plate tectonics Stories

Earth core structure shutterstock_179800859
2014-04-05 06:41:23

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The contours of the Earth's crust are influenced by the high temperatures deep within the Earth's mantle, according to a new study published in Science. A team of researchers, led by Brown University, demonstrated that those temperature differences control the elevation and volcanic activity along mid-ocean ridges, the colossal mountain ranges that line the ocean floor. Forming at the boundaries of tectonic plates, mid-ocean ridges...

mercury
2014-04-05 05:12:23

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using new data obtained by the MESSENGER spacecraft, researchers from Brown University in Rhode Island have discovered that explosive volcanic activity has been occurring throughout most of Mercury’s history, meaning that the planet has had the volatile compounds necessary for those eruptions for longer than anticipated. The findings, which are detailed in a recent edition of the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, are...

Researchers Develop New Model Of Earth's Dynamic Interior
2014-03-31 14:24:13

[ Watch The Video: Researchers Develop New Model Of Earth’s Dynamic Interior ] Nikki Cassis, Arizona State University Seeking to better understand the composition of the lowermost part of Earth’s mantle, located nearly 2,900 kilometers (1,800 miles) below the surface, a team of Arizona State University researchers has developed new simulations that depict the dynamics of deep Earth. A paper published March 30 in Nature Geoscience reports the team’s findings, which could be...

3D Computer Models Used To Solve Age-old Geologic Riddle
2014-03-26 12:15:54

[ Watch The Video: The Dynamics of Continental Accretion ] Robert Perkins, University of Southern California New study provides explanation for long-debated origin of bow-shaped mountain belts that form along the edges of colliding tectonic plates An international team of scientists that included USC's Meghan Miller used computer modeling to reveal, for the first time, how giant swirls form during the collision of tectonic plates – with subduction zones stuttering and recovering...

Newly exposed fault scarp
2014-03-25 08:07:09

GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre Rift valleys are large depressions formed by tectonic stretching forces. Volcanoes often occur in rift valleys, within the rift itself or on the rift flanks as e.g. in East Africa. The magma responsible for this volcanism is formed in the upper mantle and ponds at the boundary between crust and mantle. For many years, the question of why volcanoes develop outside the rift zone in an apparently unexpected location offset by tens of...

mercury
2014-03-17 04:40:53

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft has uncovered evidence that Mercury has contracted far more than previously believed over the past four billion years, according to research appearing in Sunday’s edition of the journal Nature Geoscience. In fact, lead author and Carnegie Institution of Washington planetary geologist Paul K. Byrne and colleagues analyzed global imaging and topographic data from the US space agency-sponsored mission...

Magma Chamber Of Galapagos' Sierra Negra Volcano Imaged In 3D
2014-03-06 10:01:48

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some of the most active volcanoes in the world can be found in the Galapagos Islands. These volcanoes are responsible for more than 50 eruptions in the last 200 years. Even with such activity, scientists knew far more about the history of finches, tortoises and iguanas on the islands than the volcanoes upon which these unusual fauna had evolved. A new study from the University of Rochester, published in the Journal of Geophysical...

earthquake
2014-03-05 04:54:55

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study published in the journal Science reveals new information about the forces behind earthquakes. Geoscientists from the University of California, Los Angeles used a technique known as seismic tomography to study the structure of the Pacific Plate. This technique helped the team determine the plate’s thickness and image the interior of the plate and the underlying mantle, which they were able to relate to the direction of...

2014-03-03 15:21:05

A failed Saharan Atlantic Ocean rift zone Break-up of the supercontinent Gondwana about 130 Million years ago could have lead to a completely different shape of the African and South American continent with an ocean south of today's Sahara desert, as geoscientists from the University of Sydney and the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences have shown through the use of sophisticated plate tectonic and three-dimensional numerical modelling. The study highlights the importance of rift...

Australian Rock Determined To Be Oldest Material Formed On Earth
2014-02-24 13:04:03

[ Watch the Video: The Oldest Rock On Earth ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers, publishing a paper in the journal Nature Geoscience, say a rock in Australia is helping to paint a picture of how our planet became habitable 4.4 billion years ago. The team found data from a tiny fragment of zircon that confirms the Earth’s crust first formed 4.4 billion years ago, which is just 160 million years after the formation of the Solar System. John Valley,...


Latest Plate tectonics Reference Libraries

Mount Nyiragongo
2014-08-28 11:22:30

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long this volcano has been active, but at least 34 eruptions have been recorded since 1882. Mount...

2014-08-28 11:14:31

Nevado del Ruiz, also known as La Mesa de Herveo, is an active stratovolcano that is located along the border of the Colombian territories, or departments, of Caldas and Tolima. It reaches an elevation of 17,457 and is shaped like a cone. This volcano is protected within Los Nevados National Natural Park, along with many other volcanoes, and it is a popular tourist destination. Winter activities like skiing are conducted here as well as hiking and fishing. Nevado del Ruiz is part of the...

Galeras
2014-08-28 10:56:28

Galeras is a stratovolcano that is located in Nariño, a Colombian controlled territory. This volcano, which reaches a height of 14,029 feet, is highly active and the most active volcano in Colombia. It primarily contains andesite and holds two calderas that were created by eruptions in the past 560,000 years. Although it is shaped like a horseshoe, eruptions have caused a cone shaped structure to build up in one of the calderas. It was labeled a Decade Volcano in 1991, despite its recent...

Villarrica
2014-08-19 11:03:54

Villarrica, also known as Rucapillán, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Chile and is protected within Villarrica National Park. This volcano is one of five known volcanoes to have a lava lake within its crater and it often produces strombolian eruptions that contain lava flows and incandescent pyroclasts. It is one of three volcanoes that occur along the Gastre Fault Zone, along with the less active Quetrupillán and Lanín volcanoes. During the Valdivia Interglacial, it...

Hoodoo Mountain
2014-08-19 10:23:50

Hoodoo Mountain is flat-topped stratovolcano that is located in British Columbia, Canada and is part of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province and the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is thought to be potentially active and was named for the needle like projections that protrude from it. These lava spines, or hoodoos, reach heights of 492 feet, making it the most distinct mountain in that area of the Boundary Ranges. Hoodoo Mountain is primarily flat-topped, which led volcanologist Jack Souther...

More Articles (20 articles) »
Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
Related