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Plate tectonics Reference Libraries

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Nyamuragira
2014-10-04 17:56:14

Nyamuragira is an active shield volcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano, which is part of the Virunga Mountains, reaches an elevation of 10,033 feet and is the most active volcano in Africa. This volcano is shorter than Nyiragongo, which it shares an area with, and has a low shield profile. It holds a large amount of sulfur dioxide and is blamed for much of...

Imbabura Volcano
2014-10-04 17:36:59

Imbabura Volcano is an inactive stratovolcano that is located in Ecuador and is part of the southern Ring of Fire and one of many volcanoes created along an arc by the subductions of the Coolyo Plate underneath the South American Plate. This volcano was shaped by strombolian eruptions, which are less violent than plinian eruptions and are characterized by the expulsion of lapilli, lava bombs,...

Mount Nyiragongo
2014-08-28 11:22:30

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long...

2014-08-28 11:14:31

Nevado del Ruiz, also known as La Mesa de Herveo, is an active stratovolcano that is located along the border of the Colombian territories, or departments, of Caldas and Tolima. It reaches an elevation of 17,457 and is shaped like a cone. This volcano is protected within Los Nevados National Natural Park, along with many other volcanoes, and it is a popular tourist destination. Winter...

Galeras
2014-08-28 10:56:28

Galeras is a stratovolcano that is located in Nariño, a Colombian controlled territory. This volcano, which reaches a height of 14,029 feet, is highly active and the most active volcano in Colombia. It primarily contains andesite and holds two calderas that were created by eruptions in the past 560,000 years. Although it is shaped like a horseshoe, eruptions have caused a cone shaped structure...

Villarrica
2014-08-19 11:03:54

Villarrica, also known as Rucapillán, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Chile and is protected within Villarrica National Park. This volcano is one of five known volcanoes to have a lava lake within its crater and it often produces strombolian eruptions that contain lava flows and incandescent pyroclasts. It is one of three volcanoes that occur along the Gastre Fault Zone, along...

Hoodoo Mountain
2014-08-19 10:23:50

Hoodoo Mountain is flat-topped stratovolcano that is located in British Columbia, Canada and is part of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province and the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is thought to be potentially active and was named for the needle like projections that protrude from it. These lava spines, or hoodoos, reach heights of 492 feet, making it the most distinct mountain in that area of...

Huallai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down,...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted...

Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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