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Latest Pleistocene Stories

2009-02-11 12:13:55

U.S. scientists say they have found proof that Earth's sea level was more than 70 feet (21 meters) higher 400,000 years ago than it is now. Storrs Olson, a zoologist at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, and geologist Paul Hearty of the Bald Head Island Conservancy said they discovered sedimentary and fossil evidence in the walls of a limestone quarry in Bermuda that documents the rise in sea level during an interglacial period of the Middle Pleistocene. Although Hearty and...

2009-01-21 08:43:40

An international team of researchers, including Antoni Rosell, ICREA researcher at the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA) and professor of the Department of Geology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, who participated as a member of the direction team, have created MARGO (Multiproxy Approach for the Reconstruction of the Glacial Ocean Surface), a new quantitative tool which reconstructs the sea surface temperature during the Last Glacial Maximum....

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2009-01-02 08:30:00

Abundant tiny particles of diamond dust exist in sediments dating to 12,900 years ago at six North American sites, adding strong evidence for Earth's impact with a rare swarm of carbon-and-water-rich comets or carbonaceous chondrites, reports a nine-member scientific team. These nanodiamonds, which are produced under high-temperature, high-pressure conditions created by cosmic impacts and have been found in meteorites, are concentrated in similarly aged sediments at Murray Springs, Ariz.,...

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2008-12-30 07:55:00

New research finds competition between Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon populations, rather than climate change, was the driving force that caused the Neanderthal extinction. The study was published in the online journal PloS One on December 24th. Forty-thousand years ago Neanderthal populations occupied Europe prior to the arrival of humans. Researchers, who belong to the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, l'Ecole Pratique d'Hautes Etudes, and the University of Kansas,...

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2008-12-02 08:33:18

Extraordinary artifacts from the late Stone Age have been discovered in Russia. The location at Zaraysk, which is southeast of Moscow, has produced both the unique figurines as well as some carvings on mammoth tusks. The discoveries also consist of a cone-shaped item whose purpose; the authors state in the journal Antiquity, "remains a puzzle". Such inventive artifacts have been previously found in the nearby areas of Kostenki and Avdeevo, but this is the first kind of find at Zaraysk. The...

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2008-11-14 08:00:00

According to researchers, a wide-hipped Homo erectus fossil found in Ethiopia suggests that females of the pre-human species gave birth to developed babies with large heads. The finding leads some researchers to believe that helpless babies came along late in human evolution. "We could look at this pelvis and then, using a series of measurements, we can calculate ... how big the baby's head could be at birth," said Scott Simpson, a paleontologist at Case Western Reserve University. Simpson...

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2008-10-14 15:35:00

In a new study, researchers have found what they believe to be a new pathway that allowed modern humans to spread beyond their ancestral homeland about 120,000 years ago. Rivers once flowed from the central Saharan watershed all the way to the Mediterranean, the team of researchers from the Universities of Bristol, Southampton, Oxford, Hull and Tripoli in Libya explain in the journal PNAS. These rivers could have made up a "wet corridor" through Libya for ancient human migrations out of...

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2008-09-23 14:15:00

Experts now believe Neanderthals may have enjoyed a wide range of foods and a much broader menu than had previously been supposed. Cave excavations in Gibraltar showed that they were once occupied by the ancient humans show they ate seal and dolphin when they could get hold of the animals. Evidence even indicates that mussels were warmed to open their shells. The findings contrast the popular view that Neanderthals ate a diet utterly dominated by meat from land animals. Such findings provide...

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2008-09-04 17:20:54

In the largest DNA study of the ancient wooly mammoths, Canadian scientists have discovered that the last Siberian wooly mammoths may actually have originated in North America. The study also raises questions about the role climate change may have played in the mammals' demise.  They believe the mammoths likely survived through the period when the ice sheets were at their largest, even as other Ice Age mammals were wiped out. The woolly mammoth, also known as Mammuthus primigenius,...

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2008-09-02 13:05:00

Researchers recently uncovered a fossilized skull of a steppe mammoth in the Auvergne region of France, shedding light on the evolution of such beasts. The find is notably rare because while a handful of mammoth skeletons have been discovered, the skull is rarely intact. Paleontologists Frederic Lacombat and Dick Mol report that the skull belongs to a male steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii) that stood about 12ft tall and lived about 400,000 years ago, during Middle Pleistocene times....


Latest Pleistocene Reference Libraries

Australopithecus garhi
2013-11-29 11:38:51

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw ad Tim White, an American paleontologist. The remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and most likely the direct ancestor to the human genus Homo. Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A. garhi fossils in 1996 within the Bouri Formation found in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression....

Neanderthals
2013-10-03 16:03:35

The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...

Homo sapiens
2013-09-24 13:55:52

Homo sapiens is the scientific name for the human species. Homo is the human genus, which also includes Neanderthals and various other extinct species of hominid. H. sapiens is the only surviving species of the genus Homo. Modern humans are the subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens, distinguished from their direct ancestor, Homo sapiens idaltu (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_sapiens_idaltu). Subspecies of H. sapiens include Homo sapiens idaltu, roughly translated as “elder wise human” and...

Homo sapiens idaltu
2013-09-24 12:20:45

Homo sapiens idaltu is an extinct subspecies of Homo sapiens that lived nearly 160,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. “Idaltu” comes from the Saho-Afar word meaning “elder” or “first born”. The fossilized remains of H. s. idaltu were uncovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle in the year 1997 by Tim White, but were first revealed in 2003. Herto Bouri is a portion of Ethiopia under volcanic layers. By using radioisotope dating,...

Homo floresiensis
2013-09-16 13:06:40

Homo floresiensis Homo floresiensis, or Flores Man, nicknamed “hobbit” and “Flow”, is an extinct species in the genus Homo. The remains of an individual that would have stood about 3 feet in height were uncovered in 2003 on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Incomplete skeletons of nine individuals have been recovered, including one complete cranium. These remains have been the focus of intense research to establish whether they represent a species distinctive from modern humans....

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Word of the Day
barratry
  • The offense of persistently instigating lawsuits, typically groundless ones.
  • An unlawful breach of duty on the part of a ship's master or crew resulting in injury to the ship's owner.
  • Sale or purchase of positions in church or state.
This word ultimately comes from the Old French word 'barater,' to cheat.
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