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Latest Pleistocene Stories

La Brea fossils
2014-04-11 04:43:36

[ Watch the Video: Research Shows Climate Change Drove Evolution Of Ice Age Predators ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online For the first time, the authors of two new scientific papers have documented the impact that global climate change had on the evolution of Ice Age-era predators whose remains were discovered in California’s La Brea Tar Pits. The authors of the two studies explain that climate warming helped drive the evolution of creatures such as dire...

Rare Leafcutter Bee Fossils Reveal Ice Age Environment At The La Brea Tar Pits
2014-04-10 15:44:39

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Scientists use micro CT scans and research modern-day bees to understand habitat and climate of Southern California during late Pleistocene The La Brea Tar Pits, the world's richest and most important Ice Age fossil locality, is most celebrated for it collection of saber-toothed cats and mammoths. The site's lesser known, but equally vast insect collection, is also of great significance. Recent examination of fossil leafcutter bee nest cells...

Evolutionary History Of Interbreeding Between Neanderthals And Humans
2014-04-09 06:59:21

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Whether or not early humans and Neanderthals interbred has been the subject of much debate in scientific circles for a long time. Thanks to a new genomic analysis method from the University of Edinburgh, technical objections to that idea have been overcome. The technique, described in a recent issue of GENETICS, is able to detect the genetic signatures of interbreeding with more confidence than previous methods. The research team...

New Saber-Toothed Cat Discovery Sheds Light On Interactions Between Early Humans And Predators
2014-04-02 08:15:46

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online At the Schöningen open-cast coal mine in north-central Germany, near Hannover, researchers from the Lower Saxony Heritage Authority and the University of Tübingen have discovered the remains of a saber-toothed cat. The remains were preserved in rock strata some 300,000 years old, placing them during the Paleolithic Era. The Schöningen mine is famous for the discovery of three wooden spears, unearthed in 1997 by Hartmut Thieme of...

Lake Towuti
2014-03-25 12:05:49

Brown University Using sediments from a remote lake, researchers from Brown University have assembled a 60,000-year record of rainfall in central Indonesia. The analysis reveals important new details about the climate history of a region that wields a substantial influence on the global climate as a whole. The Indonesian archipelago sits in the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool, an expanse of ocean that supplies a sizable fraction of the water vapor in Earth's atmosphere and plays a role in...

Bering Land Bridge Was Home To Early Natives For 10,000 Years: Study
2014-02-28 09:47:53

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online After the ancestors of modern day Native Americans left Asia, they spent approximately 10,000 years living in the shrubby lowlands of the Bering land bridge, according to genetic and environmental evidence. There is no available archaeological evidence, however, because it drowned beneath the Bering Sea when the sea levels rose about 18,000 years ago. Dennis O'Rourke, a University of Utah anthropologist, worked with archaeologist...

Refining Dates For The Atapuerca Site Where Homo Antecessor Was Discovered
2014-02-10 09:43:28

FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology One of the issues of the Atapuerca sites that generates the most scientific debate is the dating of the strata where the fossils are found. Therefore, researchers at the Spanish National Research Centre for Human Evolution, among others, strive to settle the dates. A study published by the 'Journal of Archaeological Science' has clarified that the sediment of Gran Dolina, where the first remains of Homo antecessor were discovered in...

Scientists Find 800,000-Year-Old Human Footprints On Norfolk Beach
2014-02-07 13:51:03

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have discovered the oldest human footprints ever found in Europe on a Norfolk beach. Archaeologists, publishing a paper in the journal PLOS ONE, say they found the footprints while working at an excavation site in Happisburgh, UK along the Norfolk coast. The team said the prints consist of about five individuals who lived more than 800,000 years ago. According to the study, these prints provide direct evidence of the...

Neanderthal Genome Survives In Modern Humans
2014-01-30 04:32:46

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online More than 20 percent of the Neanderthal genome survives in modern human populations, and individuals currently living outside of Africa are composed of between one and four percent Neanderthal DNA, according to a pair of new research papers published on Wednesday. In the first study, population geneticists Benjamin Vernot and Joshua M. Akey of the University of Washington’s Department of Genome Sciences used a new approach to...

Neanderthal Man May Have Been Able To Speak, According To New Evidence
2013-12-21 05:15:08

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New analysis of a Neanderthal’s hyoid bone provides evidence suggesting the extinct humanoids had the ability to speak, an international team of researchers write in the latest edition of the journal PLoS ONE. Previously, a 1989 description of this horseshoe shaped structure in the neck originating from a fossil found in Kebara Cave in Israel “fueled scientific debate on the evolution of speech and complex language,” the...


Latest Pleistocene Reference Libraries

Australopithecus garhi
2013-11-29 11:38:51

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw ad Tim White, an American paleontologist. The remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and most likely the direct ancestor to the human genus Homo. Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A. garhi fossils in 1996 within the Bouri Formation found in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression....

Neanderthals
2013-10-03 16:03:35

The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...

Homo sapiens
2013-09-24 13:55:52

Homo sapiens is the scientific name for the human species. Homo is the human genus, which also includes Neanderthals and various other extinct species of hominid. H. sapiens is the only surviving species of the genus Homo. Modern humans are the subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens, distinguished from their direct ancestor, Homo sapiens idaltu (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_sapiens_idaltu). Subspecies of H. sapiens include Homo sapiens idaltu, roughly translated as “elder wise human” and...

Homo sapiens idaltu
2013-09-24 12:20:45

Homo sapiens idaltu is an extinct subspecies of Homo sapiens that lived nearly 160,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. “Idaltu” comes from the Saho-Afar word meaning “elder” or “first born”. The fossilized remains of H. s. idaltu were uncovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle in the year 1997 by Tim White, but were first revealed in 2003. Herto Bouri is a portion of Ethiopia under volcanic layers. By using radioisotope dating,...

Homo floresiensis
2013-09-16 13:06:40

Homo floresiensis Homo floresiensis, or Flores Man, nicknamed “hobbit” and “Flow”, is an extinct species in the genus Homo. The remains of an individual that would have stood about 3 feet in height were uncovered in 2003 on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Incomplete skeletons of nine individuals have been recovered, including one complete cranium. These remains have been the focus of intense research to establish whether they represent a species distinctive from modern humans....

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Word of the Day
Cthulhu
  • A gigantic fictional humanoid alien god being described with a head resembling an octopus and dragon wings and claws, around whom an insane cult developed.
  • Pertaining to the mythos of Cthulhu and additional otherworldly beings created by H. P. Lovecraft or inspired by his writings and imitators.
This word was invented in 1926 by H.P. Lovecraft for his short story, 'The Call of Cthulhu.' 'Cthulhu' may be based on the word 'chthonic,' which in Greek mythology refers to the underworld.
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