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Latest Pleistocene Stories

Neanderthal Genome Survives In Modern Humans
2014-01-30 04:32:46

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online More than 20 percent of the Neanderthal genome survives in modern human populations, and individuals currently living outside of Africa are composed of between one and four percent Neanderthal DNA, according to a pair of new research papers published on Wednesday. In the first study, population geneticists Benjamin Vernot and Joshua M. Akey of the University of Washington’s Department of Genome Sciences used a new approach to...

Neanderthal Man May Have Been Able To Speak, According To New Evidence
2013-12-21 05:15:08

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New analysis of a Neanderthal’s hyoid bone provides evidence suggesting the extinct humanoids had the ability to speak, an international team of researchers write in the latest edition of the journal PLoS ONE. Previously, a 1989 description of this horseshoe shaped structure in the neck originating from a fossil found in Kebara Cave in Israel “fueled scientific debate on the evolution of speech and complex language,” the...

Evidence Shows Incest, Interbreeding Common Among Neanderthals
2013-12-18 15:10:49

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Genetic sequencing of DNA extracted from a Neanderthal woman’s toe bone reveals the species was not only incestuous, but also interbred with other types of human ancestors, according to research scheduled for publication in Thursday’s edition of the journal Nature. An international team of scientists, including researchers from the University of California, Berkeley, completed what they are calling the most complete sequencing...

2013-12-18 13:37:37

Recent highlights in the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution With the Neanderthal genome now published, for the first time, scientists have a rich new resource of comparative evolution. For example, recently, scientists have shown that humans and Neanderthals once interbreed, with the accumulation of elements of Neanderthal DNA found in up to 5 percent in modern humans. Are there any advantages to the retention of Neanderthal DNA that favors modern humans? In a new article published...

Neanderthals Buried Their Dead
2013-12-17 07:44:47

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A 50,000-year-old Neanderthal skeleton discovered in a cave in southwestern France was intentionally buried, a finding that confirms burials took place in Western Europe prior to the arrival of modern humans. “This discovery not only confirms the existence of Neanderthal burials in Western Europe, but also reveals a relatively sophisticated cognitive capacity to produce them,” said William Rendu, the study’s lead author and...

Earliest Known Human DNA Offers Clues To Our Origins
2013-12-05 06:19:43

[ Watch the Video: Oldest DNA Ever Sequenced Raises Some Questions ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Scientists have extracted and sequenced the oldest known human DNA and the findings are raising new questions about our ancestors and human evolution. Geneticists led by Matthias Meyer at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany extracted a nearly 400,000-year-old human thigh-bone fossil from the bottom of a cave shaft in northern...

Neanderthals Organized Their homes
2013-12-03 12:48:13

[ Watch the Video: Clean Your Room, Neanderthal! ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Neanderthals possessed organizational skills similar to modern humans, showing yet another similarity between us and our ancient cousins. Researchers writing in the Canadian Journal of Archaeology say they found that Neanderthals organized their living spaces in ways similar to modern humans. They say that the sub-species of Homo sapiens butchered animals, made tools and gathered around...

Dental Analyses Find No Common Ancestor Of Humans, Neanderthals
2013-10-22 07:33:37

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The search for a common ancestor that links modern humans to the ancient Neanderthals that roamed Europe thousands of years ago is far from over, according to a new study published online this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). An international team of experts, including scholars from George Washington University, the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research in Austria,...

Researchers Find Remains Of Extinct Cervid Species In Castelldefels
2013-10-18 12:12:39

University of Barcelona The journal of the French Academy of Sciences Comptes Rendus Palevol has just released the discovery of remains assigned to an extinct cervid species first recorded in the Iberian Peninsula. The animal, named Haploidoceros mediterraneus, lived in the Pleistocene about 90,000 years ago. To date, remains of H. mediterraneus were only found at two sites located in the South of France. Montserrat Sanz and Joan Daura, researchers from the Seminar on Prehistoric Studies...


Latest Pleistocene Reference Libraries

Australopithecus garhi
2013-11-29 11:38:51

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw ad Tim White, an American paleontologist. The remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and most likely the direct ancestor to the human genus Homo. Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A. garhi fossils in 1996 within the Bouri Formation found in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression....

Neanderthals
2013-10-03 16:03:35

The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...

Homo sapiens
2013-09-24 13:55:52

Homo sapiens is the scientific name for the human species. Homo is the human genus, which also includes Neanderthals and various other extinct species of hominid. H. sapiens is the only surviving species of the genus Homo. Modern humans are the subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens, distinguished from their direct ancestor, Homo sapiens idaltu (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_sapiens_idaltu). Subspecies of H. sapiens include Homo sapiens idaltu, roughly translated as “elder wise human” and...

Homo sapiens idaltu
2013-09-24 12:20:45

Homo sapiens idaltu is an extinct subspecies of Homo sapiens that lived nearly 160,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. “Idaltu” comes from the Saho-Afar word meaning “elder” or “first born”. The fossilized remains of H. s. idaltu were uncovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle in the year 1997 by Tim White, but were first revealed in 2003. Herto Bouri is a portion of Ethiopia under volcanic layers. By using radioisotope dating,...

Homo floresiensis
2013-09-16 13:06:40

Homo floresiensis Homo floresiensis, or Flores Man, nicknamed “hobbit” and “Flow”, is an extinct species in the genus Homo. The remains of an individual that would have stood about 3 feet in height were uncovered in 2003 on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Incomplete skeletons of nine individuals have been recovered, including one complete cranium. These remains have been the focus of intense research to establish whether they represent a species distinctive from modern humans....

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Word of the Day
omadhaun
  • A fool; a simpleton: a term of abuse common in Ireland and to a less extent in the Gaelic-speaking parts of Scotland.
This word is partly Irish in origin.