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Latest Pleistocene Stories

Neanderthal Tools Cultural Differences
2013-08-19 16:17:52

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new analysis from an archeologist at the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom has revealed distinct cultural differences between two groups of Neanderthals based on the divergent design of stone tools between 115,000 and 35,000 years ago. According to a study by researcher Karen Ruebens, the differences point to a more complex Neanderthal culture than what was previously suspected. "In Germany and France there appears to...

West Antarctica Deglaciation Began Much Earlier Than Thought
2013-08-15 10:21:16

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the deepest ice cores ever drilled in Antarctica is revealing some interesting evidence about the southern continent’s turbulent past and the role Earth’s orbit played in the history of the ice ages. Scientists have known for more than a century that ice ages come and go due to the wobbling of the Earth as it orbits the sun. Increases in the intensity of summer sunlight in the Northern Hemisphere melted the ice sheets...

Bone Tools Found At Two Paleolithic Dig Sites
2013-08-13 06:45:04

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers working at two neighboring Paleolithic digs in southwestern France have discovered fragments of hide-softening bone tools unlike any previously discovered at Neanderthal sites. Two teams hailing from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, and the Leiden University in the Netherlands jointly reported the discovery of the bone tools – the oldest of their kind ever found in Europe....

Modern Language May Have Roots In Ancient Neanderthals
2013-07-10 05:48:08

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As more data accumulates, we are learning that the Neanderthals were much more similar to us than we ever imagined. Scientists are still questioning if they had speech and language, though, and what implications would be for understanding present-day linguistic diversity if they did. A new study from the Max Planck Institute of Psycholinguistics argues that modern language and speech can be traced back to the last common ancestor we...

Climate Change Led To Modern Humans In Stone Age
2013-06-18 19:37:44

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online New evidence suggests that modern humans emerged as the need to find refuge from sudden changes in climate grew. An international team of researchers found that technological innovation and the emergence of culture and modern behavior took place abruptly. They were able to link these pulses of innovation to the climate that prevailed in sub-Saharan Africa during the Stone Age. For the past million years, the global climate...

Picky Eating Was Critical In Saber-Tooth Tiger Extinction
2013-05-09 08:46:34

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online During the Pleistocene epoch, an astounding diversity of large-bodied mammals inhabited the so-called “mammoth steppe” — a cold and dry, yet productive, environment that extended from western Europe through northern Asia and across the Bering land bridge to the Yukon territory. Three types of large predators roamed the steppe during the Pleistocene, wolves, bears and large cats. After the end of the last ice age, only...

Bigger Brains Indicate Hobbit Humans Evolved From Homo Erectus
2013-04-17 07:41:20

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The hobbit human, a small-statured race that evolved separately from our own ancestor Homo erectus on an island of the Indonesian Archipelago some 50,000 years ago, has been discovered by Japanese scientists to have a bigger brain than once believed. Hobbit humans, named after the tiny folk from JRR Tolkein's novels, are collectively known as Homo floresiensis (Man of Flores). The remains of the ancient humans were discovered on...

Neanderthals Went Extinct Because Of Their Large Eyes
2013-03-13 09:13:33

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists know that early Humans (Homo sapiens) and Neanderthals (H. s. neanderthalensis) coexisted for a short time before the latter eventually became extinct. While it was understood that humans had better developed brains than their more primitive counterparts, it was generally not well-known why these early ancestors made a grand exit. A new study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, suggests one...

Climate Change And Human Evolution
2013-02-27 07:22:49

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In a field of study that remains largely in the dark, we have relied on the voice talent of Ray Romano, John Leguizamo and Denis Leary to instruct our children about life in the time of the Ice Age. While the lessons learned aren´t necessarily accurate, one Bournemouth University lecturer on palaeoenvironmental reconstruction and environmental change seemingly thinks it might be a good place to start. Dr. John Stewart,...

Early Human Burial Practices Include Men Buried More Often Than Women
2013-02-21 21:12:50

Michael Harper for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Julien Riel-Salvatore, PhD, an assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Colorado Denver, believes Neanderthals may not have been the knuckle-dragging brutes we think them to be, and he´s got the burial practices to prove it. According to his research, the burial practices of the earliest people vary dramatically; from lavish to incredibly simple. This means the earliest people weren´t necessarily...


Latest Pleistocene Reference Libraries

Australopithecus garhi
2013-11-29 11:38:51

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw ad Tim White, an American paleontologist. The remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and most likely the direct ancestor to the human genus Homo. Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A. garhi fossils in 1996 within the Bouri Formation found in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression....

Neanderthals
2013-10-03 16:03:35

The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...

Homo sapiens
2013-09-24 13:55:52

Homo sapiens is the scientific name for the human species. Homo is the human genus, which also includes Neanderthals and various other extinct species of hominid. H. sapiens is the only surviving species of the genus Homo. Modern humans are the subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens, distinguished from their direct ancestor, Homo sapiens idaltu (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_sapiens_idaltu). Subspecies of H. sapiens include Homo sapiens idaltu, roughly translated as “elder wise human” and...

Homo sapiens idaltu
2013-09-24 12:20:45

Homo sapiens idaltu is an extinct subspecies of Homo sapiens that lived nearly 160,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. “Idaltu” comes from the Saho-Afar word meaning “elder” or “first born”. The fossilized remains of H. s. idaltu were uncovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle in the year 1997 by Tim White, but were first revealed in 2003. Herto Bouri is a portion of Ethiopia under volcanic layers. By using radioisotope dating,...

Homo floresiensis
2013-09-16 13:06:40

Homo floresiensis Homo floresiensis, or Flores Man, nicknamed “hobbit” and “Flow”, is an extinct species in the genus Homo. The remains of an individual that would have stood about 3 feet in height were uncovered in 2003 on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Incomplete skeletons of nine individuals have been recovered, including one complete cranium. These remains have been the focus of intense research to establish whether they represent a species distinctive from modern humans....

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Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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