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Latest PLoS Medicine Stories

2013-04-10 13:59:34

New guidelines for writing abstracts will help authors summarize their research A new extension to the PRISMA guideline on reporting systemic reviews and meta-analyses (types of studies that analyze information from many studies) will help authors to give a more robust summary (abstract) of their study and is detailed by an international group of researchers in this week's PLOS Medicine. These guidelines for abstracts of systemic reviews and meta-analyses are important, as the abstract...

2013-04-10 13:55:36

Shingles vaccine is associated with reduction in both postherpetic neuralgia and herpes zoster, but uptake in the US is low A vaccine to prevent shingles may reduce by half the occurrence of this painful skin and nerve infection in older people (aged over 65 years) and may also reduce the rate of a painful complication of shingles, post-herpetic neuralgia, but has a very low uptake (only 4%) in older adults in the United States, according to a study by UK and US researchers published in...

2013-04-10 13:53:32

In South Africa, people with HIV who start treatment with anti-AIDS drugs (antiretroviral therapy) have life expectancies around 80% of that of the general population provided that they start treatment before their CD4 count drops below 200 (cells per microliter), according to a study by South African researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine. These findings are encouraging and show that with long-term treatment, HIV can be managed as a chronic illness in middle- and low-income...

2013-04-03 12:44:46

A new international study has confirmed that self-testing for HIV is effective and could be the answer to controlling the global epidemic. This major systematic review, led by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC), shows HIV self-testing removes much of the fear and stigma associated with being tested for the disease. This study, which is published in PLoS Medicine is the first of its kind and could pave the way for early detection and treatment around the...

2013-03-20 10:52:11

In Africa, issues of vaccine supply, financing, and sustainability require urgent attention if the Millennium Development Goals are to be achieved, according to African experts writing in this week's PLOS Medicine. Shingai Machingaidze, Charles Wiysonge, and Gregory Hussey from the University of Cape Town in South Africa commend African countries for their progress in immunization programs but infectious disease outbreaks, for example, polio and measles outbreaks, as well as high vaccine...

2013-03-20 10:38:25

For medicines intended for chronic use, the number of patients studied before regulatory approval is insufficient to properly evaluate safety and long-term efficacy, requiring the need for new legislation, according to a study by European researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine. Current European guidelines specify that in order to fully evaluate the safety of medicines being developed for chronic (long-term) treatment of non-life threatening diseases, at least 1000 patients must...

2013-03-13 13:38:08

In low-income countries a substantial challenge in planning and delivering healthcare is the accurate assessment of disease burden. In this week's PLOS Medicine, Miguel SanJoaquin from the University of Malawi College of Medicine and colleagues describe their experience of implementing an electronic patient record system in a large referral hospital in southern Malawi. The system, known as Surveillance Programme of IN-patients and Epidemiology (SPINE), is used to record patient details during...

2013-03-13 10:28:56

A study published this week in PLOS Medicine finds that while antipsychotic medications are associated with small-to-moderate improvements in depressive symptoms in adults, there is little evidence for improvement on measures of quality of life and these medications are linked to adverse events such as weight gain and sedation. The results of the study, conducted by Glen Spielmans of Metropolitan State University in St. Paul, Minnesota and colleagues, have potential implications for the...

2013-03-06 10:31:54

Early diagnosis and treatment with antimalarial drugs (ACTs–artemisinin based combination treatments) has been linked to a reduction in malaria in the migrant population living on the Thai-Myanmar border, despite evidence of increasing resistance to ACTs in this location, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine. These findings are important as this study suggests that alternative treatments are urgently needed to replace the failing...

2013-03-06 10:28:05

A simple new method better assesses the risks posed by emerging zoonotic viruses (those transmissible from animals to humans), according to a study published in PLOS Medicine this week. Dr. Simon Cauchemez and colleagues from Imperial College London in the UK and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the US show that the new tool can produce transmissibility estimates for swine flu (the H3N2v-M virus), allowing researchers to better evaluate the possible pandemic threat posed by...


Latest PLoS Medicine Reference Libraries

PLoS Medicine
2012-05-17 15:12:48

PLoS Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal established in October 2004. It is the second journal of the Public Library of Sciences, which publishes open-access material. All material in PLoS Medicine is published under the Creative Commons license. To fund the journal, the publication’s business model requires that authors pay publication costs. PLoS Medicine provides an innovative and influential venue for research and comment on the major challenges to human health worldwide. It...

PLoS Biology
2012-05-02 19:40:12

PLoS Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of biology. It was established in 2003, with the first issue published in October of that year. It was the first journal of the Public Library of Science. As of May 2012, the current editor-in-chief is Jonathan Eisen (University of California, Davis). All content in PLoS Biology is published under the Creative Commons “by-attribution” license. The journal is funded by authors who are charged set fees to publish...

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Word of the Day
barratry
  • The offense of persistently instigating lawsuits, typically groundless ones.
  • An unlawful breach of duty on the part of a ship's master or crew resulting in injury to the ship's owner.
  • Sale or purchase of positions in church or state.
This word ultimately comes from the Old French word 'barater,' to cheat.
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