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Pollination Reference Libraries

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Melissophobia
2013-12-24 11:13:46

Melissophobia or the fear of bees, from Greek melissa, meaning honey bee and phobos, meaning fear, and sometimes misspelled as melissaphobia and known also as apiphobia, is one of the most common fears among people and is kind of a specific phobia. The majority of the population have been stung by a bee or had friends or family members stung. A child may fall victim to a bee sting while...

Heirloom plant
2013-09-20 13:16:15

Heirloom plants are plants that were grown centuries ago, handed down through the generations, and are still grown today without genetic modification. Heirloom plants maintain their traits year after year even though they are subjected to open pollination. Growing heirlooms is becoming more popular in North America and Europe because of their resistance to disease, pests, and extreme weather....

Orchard Mason Bee Osmia lignaria
2013-07-10 14:38:22

The orchard mason bee (Osmia lignaria), also known as the blue orchard bee, is a species of megachilid bee that is native to North America. Its range extends across the Rocky Mountains, where two subspecies are located. The nests of this species are made in natural hollows in which the bees will make separate rooms for larvae by creating walls with mud. The orchard mason bee can first be...

Red Mason Bee Osmia rufa
2013-07-10 12:25:16

The red mason bee (Osmia rufa or Osmia bicornis) is a solitary bee that can be found in a range that includes England, southern areas of Scotland, Sweden, Norway, North Africa, and Iran, among other areas. This species is typically seen during the spring and early summer months, but it can be seen until the end of June. Females hold two horns on top of the head, and a smaller sting than other...

Apiology
2012-10-15 16:00:21

Apiology is the scientific study of honey bees, a subdiscipline of melittology (the study of all bees), which is a subdiscipline of entomology. Melittology comprises of more than 17,000 species other than the honey bee. Apiology includes apicology, which is the study of honey bee ecology. Honey bees are often chosen as a study group to answer questions on the evolution of social systems....

Calla Lily Zantedeschia aethiopica
2009-06-17 12:38:51

The Lily of the Nile or Calla Lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica) is a species of plant native to southern Africa in Lesotho, South Africa, and Swaziland. It has been introduced to Western Australia where it occurs in high periodical water tables and sandy soil. Several hybrids have been established and introduced to other areas around the world. Some hybrids are more suited to cooler climates. One...

Souimanga Sunbird
2008-08-15 21:50:21

The Souimanga Sunbird (Cinnyris sovimanga), is a small passerine bird of the sunbird family, Nectariniidae. It is native to the islands of the western Indian Ocean where it occurs on Madagascar, the Aldabra Group and the Glorioso Islands. The Souimanga Sunbird can be found in a variety of habitats from mountain forests to mangroves and scrubland as well as in parks, gardens and other...

Olive-backed Sunbird
2008-08-15 21:46:50

The Olive-backed Sunbird (Cinnyris jugularis), also known as the Yellow-bellied Sunbird, is an Asian sunbird. The Olive-backed Sunbird is common across southern China to the Philippines and Malaysia down to northeast Australia. Originally from mangrove habitat, the Olive-backed sunbird has adapted well to humans, and is now common even in fairly densely populated areas, even forming their nests...

Purple Sunbird
2008-08-15 21:44:20

The Purple Sunbird (Cinnyris asiaticus), is a sunbird that is part of a group of very small Old World passerine birds. It is an abundant resident breeder across tropical southern Asia from the Persian Gulf to Southeast Asia. One to three eggs are laid in a suspended nest in a tree. This species is found in a variety of habitats with some trees, including forest and cultivation. Purple...

Palestine Sunbird
2008-08-15 20:48:31

The Palestine Sunbird (Cinnyris oseus), also known as the Northern Orange-tufted Sunbird, is a small passerine bird of the sunbird family which is found in parts of the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa. It is similar to the Orange-tufted Sunbird (Cinnyris bouvieri), found further south in Africa. It occurs in areas with high temperatures and dry climate from sea-level up to an altitude of...

Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'