Latest Polysaccharide encapsulated bacteria Stories
Current research suggests that the flu may predispose to secondary bacterial infections, which account for a significant proportion of mortality during flu pandemics.
A specific protein on the surface of a common bacterial pathogen allows the bacteria to leave the bloodstream and enter the brain, initiating the deadly infection known as meningitis.
British medical scientists say they have discovered how meningococcal bacteria break through the body's natural defense system to attack the brain. University of Nottingham researchers said their discovery could lead to better treatment and vaccines. The scientists said it can take just hours after symptoms appear for someone to die from bacterial meningitis, which in childhood is nearly exclusively caused by the respiratory tract pathogens Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and...
A rising number of U.S.
Health officials in Minnesota say they're checking to see if deadly Hib infections have been reported in children in other states. Minnesota last year recorded five cases of infection from Haemophilus influenzae Type B, including the death of a 7-month-old -- the first child Hib fatality in the state since 1991, The Washington Post reported Saturday. The dangerous bacterium's return may be a consequence of a temporary vaccine shortage and a resistance by some parents to immunize their...
Researchers say a strain of bacteria causing pneumonia and meningitis in children is on the rise in England and Wales.
Nearly 100 percent drop in Hib meningitis as a result of widespread vaccination
By Ohnsman, Christina Ritterband, David; O'Brien,
Millions of bacteria live within the recesses of our noses and upper respiratory tracts, waiting for a chance to infiltrate and infect. But long before these bacteria break through our immune defenses, they must first compete against other bacterial species to colonize the mucus-lined surfaces of our noses.
Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic, bile-soluble aerotolerant, anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus. It was recognized as a major cause of pneumonia in the late 19th century and is thus the subject of many humoral immunity studies. It causes many other types of pneumococcal infections other than pneumonia including acute sinusitis, otitis media, meningitis, bacteremia, sepsis, septic arthritis, peritonitis, cellulites, and brain abscess. It...
Haemophilus influenzae is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium first described in 1892 by Richard Pfeiffer during an influenza pandemic. It is generally aerobic but can grow as a facultative anaerobe. H. influenzae was mistakenly considered to be the cause of influenza until 1933 when the flu virology became apparent. It was the first free-living organism to have its entire genome sequenced. The project was completed and published in 1995. Two major categories were defined: the...
- The horn of a unicorn considered as a medical or pharmacological ingredient.
- A winged horse with a single horn on its head; a winged unicorn.