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Latest Prefrontal cortex Stories

How The Brain Affects Quick Judgments In Social Settings
2012-11-13 12:51:09

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online We make snap judgments about other people all the time, whether we like to admit it or not. In speed dating, this is especially true because we are deciding someone's romantic potential in relatively few seconds. How we make those fast decisions is not very well understood, however. A research team from the California Institute of Technology (CALTECH) and Trinity College, Dublin has found that people make such speed-dating...

Why Haste Makes Waste
2012-11-08 06:47:09

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two similar scenarios, but for the timing involved, require different parts of your brain to help you make a decision. Let´s say you are driving on the freeway when the car in front of you blows a tire. You have only milliseconds to process the situation, make your decision and act. Do you slam on your brakes or pull out of the lane suddenly? Either decision could be right or wrong. Scenario 2 has you driving down the same...

Prefrontal Cortex Controls Habits
2012-10-30 19:33:47

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Neuroscientists have identified a region of the brain that is capable of switching between new and old habits. A new study by MIT neuroscientists has found a wall region of the brain's prefrontal cortex is responsible for moment-by-moment control of which habits are switched on at a given time. “We´ve always thought – and I still do – that the value of a habit is you don´t have to think about it. It...

2012-10-17 22:37:16

If only there were a way to forget that humiliating faux pas at last night's dinner party. It turns out there's not one, but two opposite ways in which the brain allows us to voluntarily forget unwanted memories, according to a study published by Cell Press October 17 in the journal Neuron. The findings may explain how individuals can cope with undesirable experiences and could lead to the development of treatments to improve disorders of memory control. "This study is the first...

Effects Of Binge Drinking Include Brain Impairment In Just Months
2012-10-16 18:32:58

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Bill Cosby was on to something when he addressed this country´s propensity for binge drinking. Speaking in his ℠Bill Cosby, Himself´ special from 1983, he said, “It's always strange. I've had a lot of people work for me, and I've found out it's a funny thing that you give them Saturday and Sunday off, and they work so hard to get to those two days and those are the two days that they totally destroy...

Classic 40-Year-Old Marshmallow Test Gets Revisited With New Study
2012-10-11 12:28:01

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Breakthrough research in the 1960s that used marshmallows to assess a child´s ability to delay gratification has been revisited with a fresh, new updated study by researchers from the University of Rochester. In the landmark study from the 60s and 70s, researchers used either marshmallows or cookies to study the effects of child self-control. In those studies, if a child could hold off on the temptation to eat the yummy...

Researchers Hunt For Mechanisms Of Hypnosis To Better Understand How It Works On Some, And Not On Others
2012-10-04 16:19:47

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online From the Greek word hypnos, meaning “sleep”, Hypnotherapists are trained in utilizing exercises necessary in bringing about a sense of deep relaxation and an altered state of consciousness. Once in this state, a patient is typically responsive to an idea or image but the therapist isn´t in control of the patient´s mind or free will. By undergoing hypnosis, the patient can learn how to master their own states of...

Food Choices Are Controlled By The Brain
2012-09-27 09:43:07

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) recently discovered that an individual´s internal struggle to choose between healthy and unhealthy food items is based off of neural processes in the brain. The findings of the study were recently published in The Journal of Neuroscience. "We seem to have independent systems capable of guiding our decisions, and in situations like this one, these systems...

Rhesus Monkeys Used To Test Cybernetic Implant
2012-09-17 04:21:13

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Scientists are developing an implant that can allow them to manipulate the neural activity of rhesus monkeys, allowing them to help regain lost decision-making processes in the primates and providing a technological device which could someday help those suffering from dementia, stroke, cerebral injury or various brain diseases. A team of researchers hailing from the University of Southern California (USC), the University of...

Self-awareness In Humans Is More Intricate Than Previously Thought
2012-08-23 07:18:36

Ancient Greek philosophers considered the ability to "know thyself" as the pinnacle of humanity. Now, thousands of years later, neuroscientists are trying to decipher precisely how the human brain constructs our sense of self. Self-awareness is defined as being aware of oneself, including one's traits, feelings, and behaviors. Neuroscientists have believed that three brain regions are critical for self-awareness: the insular cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, and the medial prefrontal...


Word of the Day
Cthulhu
  • A gigantic fictional humanoid alien god being described with a head resembling an octopus and dragon wings and claws, around whom an insane cult developed.
  • Pertaining to the mythos of Cthulhu and additional otherworldly beings created by H. P. Lovecraft or inspired by his writings and imitators.
This word was invented in 1926 by H.P. Lovecraft for his short story, 'The Call of Cthulhu.' 'Cthulhu' may be based on the word 'chthonic,' which in Greek mythology refers to the underworld.
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