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Latest Proceedings of The Royal Society Stories

Symbiosis Between Fungi And Flies
2013-02-06 19:03:45

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online By studying tiny flies, biologist Jeffrey Joy, from Simon Fraser University located just outside of Vancouver, Canada, was able to gain insight not only into a symbiotic relationship the flies have with a fungus, but also how evolutionary pressures have allowed the flies to exploit this relationship to the benefit of their species. According to Joy´s paper in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, two...

Firefly Romance
2012-06-26 10:13:17

New insights into what goes on when the lights go off The twinkling of fireflies heralds summer romance for these magical insects. While courting on-the-wing, male fireflies attract females' attention with bioluminescent flashes. But new research from biologists at Tufts University's School of Arts and Sciences, published online in Proceedings of the Royal Society - Biological Sciences, reveals that, after the lights go out, female fireflies prefer substance over flash. They seem to...

Image 1 - Hitchhiking Snails Fly From Ocean To Ocean
2011-09-15 08:52:04

  Smithsonian scientists and colleagues report that snails successfully crossed Central America, long considered an impenetrable barrier to marine organisms, twice in the past million years–both times probably by flying across Mexico, stuck to the legs or riding on the bellies of shorebirds and introducing new genes that contribute to the marine biodiversity on each coast. "Just as people use airplanes to fly overseas, marine snails may use birds to fly over land," said Mark...

2011-07-21 14:05:36

Super strong nanometals are beginning to play an important role in making cars even lighter, enabling them to stand collisions without fatal consequences for the passengers. A PhD student at Risø DTU has discovered a new phenomenon that will make nanometals more useful in practice. Today, the body of an ordinary family car consists of 193 different types of steel. The steel for each part of the car has been carefully selected and optimised. It is important, for example, that all parts...

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2011-03-24 08:16:35

When it comes to producing more offspring, larger female hyenas outdo their smaller counterparts. A new study by Michigan State University researchers, which appears in Proceedings of the Royal Society, revealed this as well as defined a new way to measure spotted hyenas' size. "This is the first study of its kind that provides an estimate of lifetime selection on a large carnivore," said MSU graduate student Eli Swanson, who published the paper with MSU faculty members Ian Dworkin and Kay...

2011-01-28 13:02:10

Plants are attacked by a multitude of insects and mammals. As defense against these herbivores they developed complex defense mechanisms over the course of evolution: spines, thorns, leaf hairs and a number of toxic chemical substances. For decades it has been controversially discussed whether the production of defense traits incurs costs to the plants. Now, using a new method the ecologists and plant biologists of the University of Zrich together with their American colleagues demonstrate...

2010-09-22 13:21:11

Researchers at the University of Sheffield have discovered that cuckoo eggs are internally incubated by the female bird for up to 24 hours before birth, solving for the first time the mystery as to how a cuckoo chick is able to hatch in advance of a host´s eggs and brutally evict them. Published today (22 September 2010) in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, the research shows that internal incubation allows the cuckoo chick to hatch before...

2010-09-21 21:40:49

Using digital evolution techniques that give scientists the ability to watch evolution in action, Michigan State University researchers have shed new light on what it is that makes species altruistic. Defined as the ability to sacrifice yourself for the sake of others, altruism has been a bit of a genetic mystery. Understanding why altruism evolves is one of the fundamental challenges in evolutionary theory. However, a paper published online in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society by...

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2010-03-11 14:47:10

In most animal species, males and females show obvious differences in body size. But how can this be, given that both sexes share the same genes governing their growth? University of Arizona entomologists studied this conundrum in moths and found clues that had been overlooked by previous efforts to explain this mystery of nature. Take a look around in the animal world and you will find that, in most organisms, individuals of one sex are larger than the other of the species. Even though...

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2009-12-08 14:35:00

In the pipefish, the male cares for the offspring. Apart from the ones he sucks the life out of. The discovery of filial cannibalism in the pipefish is now creating a stir in the research world. The pipefish, which is related to the seahorse, has an unusual way of organizing childcare. In this fish species it is the father who takes care of the eggs, which he receives from one or more females and then looks after in a brood pouch on the tail, where a kind of male equivalent of the placenta...


Latest Proceedings of The Royal Society Reference Libraries

Biology Letters
2012-05-08 15:31:23

Biology Letters is a peer-reviewed scientific journal split off from the Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences in 2005 after having been published as a supplement. It was originally published quarterly, but switched to bimonthly in 2007. As of May 2012, the editor-in-chief is Brian Charlesworth. Biology Letters publishes short articles from all across biology. All content is assigned to one of the following categories: Animal behavior, Biomechanics, Community ecology,...

Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society
2012-05-01 10:12:50

The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society of London. Established in 1665, it is the first journal in the world exclusively devoted to science. It has remained in continuous publication since its inception, making it the world’s longest-running scientific journal. The use of the word “philosophical” in the title derives from the phrase “natural philosophy,” which was the equivalent of what is now generically called...

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